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Publication date: 20 October 2017

Surveillance by intelligence services: fundamental rights safeguards and remedies in the EU - Volume II: field perspectives and legal update (2.73 MB)

Publication date:09 May 2018

Surveillance by intelligence services: fundamental rights safeguards and remedies in the European Union – Volume II – Summary (463.53 KB)

With terrorism, cyber-attacks and sophisticated cross-border criminal networks posing growing threats, the work of intelligence services has become more urgent, complex and international. Such work can strongly interfere with fundamental rights, especially privacy and data protection. While continuous technological advances potentially exacerbate the threat of such interference, effective oversight and remedies can curb the potential for abuse.

Contents

  1. FRA Opinions
  2. Part I: The legal framework for intelligence
    • Intelligence services in the EU-28: a diverse landscape
    • Surveillance measures in the digital age
    • Interference with the right to respect for private life
    • Surveillance “in accordance with the law”
    • Legality in case of international intelligence cooperation
    • Surveillance for a legitimate aim: need for ‘national security’ definition(s)
  3. Part II: Accountability
    • An imperative: control from within
    • Oversight framework of intelligence services
    • Features of oversight bodies
    • Stages of intelligence service oversight
    • Oversight of international intelligence cooperation
  4. Part III: Remedies
    • The remedial route
    • Raising individuals’ awareness
    • Remedial bodies’ challenges: access to classified information and necessary expertise
  5. General conclusions
Publication date:
23 October 2017

Country studies for the project on National intelligence authorities and surveillance in the EU: Fundamental rights safeguards and remedies - Legal update

These reports from EU Member States provided the background for the second volume of FRA’s report on National intelligence authorities and surveillance in the EU: Fundamental rights safeguards and remedies. The country studies were prepared by FRA’s research network, FRANET.

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Publication date: 23 October 2017

Country study – Data Surveillance Vol II Legal update - United Kingdom (1.14 MB)

Publication date: 23 October 2017

Country study – Data Surveillance Vol II Legal update - Estonia (1.19 MB)

Publication date: 23 October 2017

Country study – Data Surveillance Vol II Legal update - Spain

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Country study – Data Surveillance Vol II Legal update - Luxembourg (1.22 MB)

Publication date: 23 October 2017

Country study – Data Surveillance Vol II Legal update - France (1.4 MB)

Publication date: 23 October 2017

Country study – Data Surveillance Vol II Legal update - Cyprus (1.29 MB)

Publication date: 23 October 2017

Country study – Data Surveillance Vol II Legal update - Belgium (1.4 MB)

Publication date: 23 October 2017

Country study – Data Surveillance Vol II Legal update - Germany (1.39 MB)

Publication date: 23 October 2017

Country study – Data Surveillance Vol II Legal update - Hungary (1.1 MB)

Publication date: 23 October 2017

Country study – Data Surveillance Vol II Legal update - Portugal (1.43 MB)

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Country study – Data Surveillance Vol II Legal update - The Netherlands (1.24 MB)

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Country study – Data Surveillance Vol II Legal update - Slovakia (1.29 MB)

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Country study – Data Surveillance Vol II Legal update - Romania (1.28 MB)

Publication date: 23 October 2017

Country study – Data Surveillance Vol II Legal update - Lithuania (1.26 MB)

Publication date: 23 October 2017

Country study – Data Surveillance Vol II Legal update - Latvia (1.29 MB)

Publication date: 23 October 2017

Country study – Data Surveillance Vol II Legal update - Italy (1.2 MB)

Publication date: 23 October 2017

Country study – Data Surveillance Vol II Legal update - Slovenia

Publication date: 23 October 2017

Country study – Data Surveillance Vol II Legal update - Sweden (1.1 MB)

Publication date: 23 October 2017

Country study – Data Surveillance Vol II Legal update - Croatia (632.8 KB)

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Country study – Data Surveillance Vol II Legal update - Bulgaria (1.31 MB)

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Country study – Data Surveillance Vol II Legal update - Denmark (1.11 MB)

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Country study – Data Surveillance Vol II Legal update - Malta (1.24 MB)

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Country study – Data Surveillance Vol II Legal update - Finland (1.11 MB)

Publication date: 23 October 2017

Country study – Data Surveillance Vol II Legal update - Ireland (1.19 MB)

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Country study – Data Surveillance Vol II Legal update - Poland (566.7 KB)

Publication date: 23 October 2017

Country study – Data Surveillance Vol II Legal update - Greece (1.17 MB)

Publication date: 23 October 2017

Country study – Data Surveillance Vol II Legal update - Czech Republic (1.16 MB)

Publication date: 08 November 2017

Country study – Data Surveillance Vol II Legal update - Austria (1.22 MB)

Publication date:
23 October 2017

Country studies for the project on National intelligence authorities and surveillance in the EU: Fundamental rights safeguards and remedies - Monthly data collection on the current reform of intelligence legislation

These reports from EU Member States provided the background for the second volume of FRA’s report on National intelligence authorities and surveillance in the EU: Fundamental rights safeguards and remedies. The country studies were prepared by FRA’s research network, FRANET.

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Publication date: 23 October 2017

Monthly data collection on the current reform of intelligence legislation - Sweden (782.18 KB)

Publication date: 23 October 2017

Monthly data collection on the current reform of intelligence legislation - Finland (643.38 KB)

Publication date: 23 October 2017

Monthly data collection on the current reform of intelligence legislation - France (882.77 KB)

Publication date: 23 October 2017

Monthly data collection on the current reform of intelligence legislation - United Kingdom (503.12 KB)

Publication date: 23 October 2017

Monthly data collection on the current reform of intelligence legislation - Belgium (575.56 KB)

Publication date: 23 October 2017

Monthly data collection on the current reform of intelligence legislation - Germany (709.86 KB)

Publication date: 23 October 2017

Monthly data collection on the current reform of intelligence legislation - The Netherlands (541.65 KB)