Publication date: 18 November 2015

Surveillance by intelligence services: fundamental rights safeguards and remedies in the EU - Summary

In April 2014, the European Parliament requested the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) “to undertake in–depth research on the protection of fundamental rights in the context of surveillance”. This summary presents FRA’s main research findings, which are published in full in the report entitled Surveillance by intelligence services: fundamental rights safeguards and remedies in the EU – Mapping Member States’ legal frameworks.

Overview

The research mapped the 28 EU Member States’ legal frameworks related to surveillance and provided an overview of existing fundamental rights standards. It focused on oversight mechanisms and on remedies available to individuals alleging infringements of their right to privacy.

The FRA legal research does not examine surveillance techniques as such. It reviews how current legal frameworks enable the use of such techniques, and explores the crucial role specialised bodies play in overseeing the work of intelligence services. In addition, it scrutinises to what extent the relevant safeguards protect privacy and data protection across the 28 EU Member States.

Country Studies

Publication date:
27 May 2016

Country studies for the project on National intelligence authorities and surveillance in the EU: Fundamental rights safeguards and remedies

These country reports from EU Member States constitute the background material for the FRA report on National intelligence authorities and surveillance in the EU: Fundamental rights safeguards and remedies. The information in the country reports is prepared under contract by the FRA’s research network FRANET.

Downloads

Publication date: 27 May 2016

Country study - Data Surveillance - Austria (859.27 KB)

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Country study - Data Surveillance - Belgium (810.37 KB)

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Country study - Data Surveillance - Bulgaria (910.58 KB)

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Country study - Data Surveillance - Croatia (1.07 MB)

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Country study - Data Surveillance - Cyprus (1.01 MB)

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Country study - Data Surveillance - Czech Republic (550.49 KB)

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Country study - Data Surveillance - Denmark (980.9 KB)

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Country study - Data Surveillance - Estonia (399.22 KB)

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Country study - Data Surveillance - Finland (1.27 MB)

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Country study - Data Surveillance - France (1.17 MB)

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Country study - Data Surveillance - Germany (795.51 KB)

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Country study - Data Surveillance - Greece (836.43 KB)

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Country study - Data Surveillance - Hungary (927.93 KB)

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Country study - Data Surveillance - Italy (911.5 KB)

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Country study - Data Surveillance - Latvia (961.73 KB)

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Country study - Data Surveillance - Lithuania (844.52 KB)

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Country study - Data Surveillance - Luxembourg (855.2 KB)

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Country study - Data Surveillance - Malta (952.86 KB)

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Country study - Data Surveillance - Netherlands (980.69 KB)

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Country study - Data Surveillance - Poland (1.2 MB)

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Country study - Data Surveillance - Portugal (978.11 KB)

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Country study - Data Surveillance - Slovak Republic (1.19 MB)

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Country study - Data Surveillance - Slovenia (883.39 KB)

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Country study - Data Surveillance - United Kingdom (753.02 KB)

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