The research mapped the 28 EU Member States’ legal frameworks related to surveillance and provided an overview of existing fundamental rights standards. It focused on oversight mechanisms and on remedies available to individuals alleging infringements of their right to privacy.
The FRA legal research does not examine surveillance techniques as such. It reviews how current legal frameworks enable the use of such techniques, and explores the crucial role specialised bodies play in overseeing the work of intelligence services. In addition, it scrutinises to what extent the relevant safeguards protect privacy and data protection across the 28 EU Member States.