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21 June 2019

Sustainable Development Goals and human rights in the EU

Fundamental Rights Report 2019: Implementing fundamental and human rights helps create a sustainable future.
Here the EU plays a key role.

Aiming to leave no-one behind

  • The EU strongly supports the 2030 Agenda and a rights-based approach to sustainable development
  • Existing international and European human rights frameworks such as the EU’s Charter of Fundamental Rights and the Council of Europe’s European Social Charter are closely tied to the SDGs
  • FRA complements existing data by capturing experiences of people at greater risk of being left behind

Realities on the ground

  • Inequality has risen over the last 15 years in the EU
  • The number of people in income poverty has risen by 8% since 2005. The largest increases occurred during the economic crisis. But this trend has recently drawn to a halt
  • Inequality affects harder certain groups who are at greater risk of poverty...
    • Immigrants 31%, compared to the EU-28 average of 17% (2017)
    • Roma 80% in 8 EU Member States compared to the EU-28 average of 17% (2016)
  • ...face widespread discrimination
    • North Africans 31%
    • Roma 26%
    • Sub-Saharan Africans 24%
  • ...and hate-motivated harassment
    • Roma 30%LGBT people
    • North Africans 29%
    • Jews 28%
    • LGBT people 19% 

Tools for change

  • EU financing and the EU’s policy tools, such as the European Semester
  • National action 26 out of 28 Member States have already sent the United Nations their review of national efforts to meet the SDGs
  • More active engagement and support by both civil society and national human rights bodies is necessary to implement SDGs from a fundamental rights perspective