FRA’s ‘Civic space update 2023’ highlights civil society challenges. Examples include strategic lawsuits (SLAPPs) and actions against those involved in migrant search and rescue at sea or against those representing vulnerable groups. It also addresses civil society financing. It also examines recent changes to the challenges holding back civil society:
The report updates the findings FRA presented in 2022, 2021, 2020, 2019 and 2018 on the challenges civil society faces across the EU.
FRA drew its findings from research in every EU Member State and Albania, North Macedonia and Serbia. It collected responses from almost 400 human rights civil society organisations, and conducted desk research, focus groups and interviews.