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Artikel 4 - Het verbod van folteringen en van onmenselijke of vernederende behandelingen of bestraffingen

Artikel 4 - Het verbod van folteringen en van onmenselijke of vernederende behandelingen of bestraffingen

Niemand mag worden onderworpen aan folteringen of aan onmenselijke of vernederende behandelingen of bestraffingen.

    Text:

    Het recht van artikel 4 correspondeert met het recht dat in het gelijkluidende artikel 3 van het EVRM is gewaarborgd: `Niemand mag worden onderworpen aan folteringen of aan onmenselijke of vernederende behandelingen of bestraffingen.`. Overeenkomstig artikel 52, lid 3, van het Handvest heeft het derhalve dezelfde inhoud en reikwijdte als voornoemd artikel.

    Source:
    Publicatieblad van de Europese Unie C 303/17 - 14.12.2007

    Preamble - Explanations relating to the Charter of Fundamental Rights:
    Deze toelichtingen werden oorspronkelijk opgesteld onder de verantwoordelijkheid van het praesidium van de Conventie die het Handvest van de grondrechten van de Europese Unie heeft opgesteld. Zij zijn bijgewerkt onder de verantwoordelijkheid van het praesidium van de Europese Conventie, in het licht van de wijzigingen die door laatstgenoemde Conventie in het Handvest zijn aangebracht (met name in artikel 51 en 52) en van verdere ontwikkelingen in het recht van de Unie. Hoewel zij op zich geen juridische waarde hebben, vormen zij een waardevol hulpmiddel voor de interpretatie, bedoeld om de bepalingen van het Handvest te verduidelijken.

49 results found

  • Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms
    URL:
    Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms
    Country:
    Czechia

    Article 7 (1) The inviolability of the person and of her privacy is guaranteed. They may be limited only in cases provided for by law. (2) No one may be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment.

  • Listina základních práv a svobod
    URL:
    Listina základních práv a svobod
    Country:
    Czechia

    Článek 7 (1) Nedotknutelnost osoby a jejího soukromí je zaručena. Omezena může být jen v případech stanovených zákonem. (2) Nikdo nesmí být mučen ani podroben krutému, nelidskému nebo ponižujícímu zacházení nebo trestu.

  • Human Rights Act 1998
    URL:
    Human Rights Act 1998
    Country:
    United Kingdom

    See ECHR provisions of Article 3 which have been incorporated into UK law by the Human Rights Act 1998.. Schdule 1, Article 3 No one shall be subjected to torture or to inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. See ECHR provisions of Article 4 which have been incorporated into UK law by the Human Rights Act 1998.. Schdule 1, Article 4 Prohibition of slavery and forced labour 1No one shall be held in slavery or servitude. 2No one shall be required to perform forced or compulsory labour. 3For the purpose of this Article the term “forced or compulsory labour” shall not include: (a)any work required to be done in the ordinary course of detention imposed according to the provisions of Article 5 of this Convention or during conditional release from such detention; (b)any service of a military character or, in case of conscientious objectors in countries where they are recognised, service exacted instead of compulsory military service; (c)any service exacted in case of an emergency or calamity threatening the life or well-being of the community; (d)any work or service which forms part of normal civic obligations.

  • Instrument of Government
    URL:
    Instrument of Government
    Country:
    Sweden

    Chapter 2 - Fundamental Rights and Freedoms: Article 5 Everyone shall be protected against corporal punishment. No one may be subjected to torture or medical intervention with the purpose of extorting or suppressing statements.

  • Kungörelse (1974:152) om beslutad ny regeringsform
    URL:
    Kungörelse (1974:152) om beslutad ny regeringsform
    Country:
    Sweden

    2 kapitlet - Grundläggande fri- och rättigheter: 5 § Var och en är skyddad mot kroppsstraff. Ingen får heller utsättas för tortyr eller för medicinsk påverkan i syfte att framtvinga eller hindra yttranden.

  • Constitutión Española
    URL:
    Constitutión Española
    Country:
    Spain

    Artículo 15Todos tienen derecho a la vida y a la integridad física y moral, sin que, en ningún caso, puedan ser sometidos a tortura ni a penas o tratos inhumanos o degradantes. Queda abolida la pena de muerte, salvo lo que puedan disponer las leyes penales militares para tiempos de guerra.

  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Spain
    URL:
    Constitution of the Kingdom of Spain
    Country:
    Spain

    Section 15 Everyone has the right to life and to physical and moral integrity, and under no circumstances may be subjected to torture or to inhuman or degrading punishment or treatment. Death penalty is hereby abolished, except as provided for by military criminal law in times of war.

  • Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia
    URL:
    Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia
    Country:
    Slovenia

    Article 18 No one may be subjected to torture, inhuman or degrading punishment or treatment. The conducting of medical or other scientific experiments on any person without his free consent is prohibited.Article 21 Respect for human personality and dignity shall be guaranteed in criminal and in all other legal proceedings, as well as during the deprivation of liberty and enforcement of punitive sanctions. Violence of any form on any person whose liberty has been restricted in any way is prohibited, as is the use of any form of coercion in obtaining confessions and statements.

  • Ustava Republike Slovenije
    URL:
    Ustava Republike Slovenije
    Country:
    Slovenia

    18. člen Nihče ne sme biti podvržen mučenju, nečloveškemu ali ponižujočem kaznovanju ali ravnanju. Na človeku je prepovedano delati medicinske ali druge znanstvene poskuse brez njegove svobodne privolitve. 21. člen Zagotovljeno je spoštovanje človekove osebnosti in njegovega dostojanstva v kazenskem in v vseh drugih pravnih postopkih, in prav tako med odvzemom prostosti in izvrševanjem kazni. Prepovedno je vsakršno nasilje nad osebami, ki jim je prostost kakorkoli omejena, ter vsakršno izsiljevanje priznanj in izjav.

  • Constitution of the Slovak Republic
    URL:
    Constitution of the Slovak Republic
    Country:
    Slovakia

    Article 16 (...) (2) No one shall be subjected to torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

  • Ústava Slovenskej republiky
    URL:
    Ústava Slovenskej republiky
    Country:
    Slovakia

    Čl. 16 (...) (2) Nikoho nemožno mučiť ani podrobiť krutému, neľudskému či ponižujúcemu zaobchádzaniu alebo trestu.

  • Constituția României
    URL:
    Constituția României
    Country:
    Romania

    Articolul 22(...) (2) Nimeni nu poate fi supus torturii si nici unui fel de pedeapsa sau de tratament inuman ori degradant.

  • Constitution of Romania
    URL:
    Constitution of Romania
    Country:
    Romania

    Article 22(...) (2) No one may be subjected to torture or to any kind of inhuman or degrading punishment or treatment.

  • Constituição da República Portuguesa
    URL:
    Constituição da República Portuguesa
    Country:
    Portugal

    Artigo 25.º (Direito à integridade pessoal) 2. Ninguém pode ser submetido a tortura, nem a tratos ou penas cruéis, degradantes ou desumanos.

  • Constitution of the Portuguese Republic
    URL:
    Constitution of the Portuguese Republic
    Country:
    Portugal

    Article 25 (Right to personal integrity) (2) No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, degrading or inhuman treatment or punishment.

  • Constitution of the Republic of Poland
    URL:
    Constitution of the Republic of Poland
    Country:
    Poland

    Article 40 No one may be subjected to torture or cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment. The application of corporal punishment shall be prohibited.

  • Konstytucja Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej
    URL:
    Konstytucja Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej
    Country:
    Poland

    Art. 40 Nikt nie może być poddany torturom ani okrutnemu, nieludzkiemu lub poniżającemu traktowaniu i karaniu. Zakazuje się stosowania kar cielesnych.

  • Constitution of Malta
    URL:
    Constitution of Malta
    Country:
    Malta

    Article 36 (1) No person shall be subjected to inhuman or degrading punishment or treatment. (2) Nothing contained in or done under the authority of any law shall be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of this section to the extent that the law in question authorises the infliction of any description of punishment which was lawful in Malta immediately before the appointed day. (3) (a) No law shall provide for the imposition of collective punishments. (b) Nothing in this subsection shall preclude the imposition of collective punishments upon the members of a disciplined force in accordance with the law regulating the discipline of that force. 

  • Criminal Code, Cap. 9 of the Laws of Malta
    URL:
    Criminal Code
    Country:
    Malta

     139A. Any public officer or servant or any other person acting in an official capacity who intentionally inflicts on a person severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental - (a) for the purpose of obtaining from him or a third person information or a confession; or (b) for the purpose of punishing him for an act he or a third person has committed or is suspected of having committed; or (c) for the purpose of intimidating him or a third person or of coercing him or a third person to do, or to omit to do, any act; or (d) for any reason based on discrimination of any kind, shall, on conviction, be liable to imprisonment for a term from five to nine years: Provided that no offence is committed where pain or sufering arises only from, or is inherent in or incidental to, lawful sanctions or measures: Provided further that nothing in this article shall affect the applicability of other provisions of this Code or of any other law providing for a higher punishment.

  • Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania
    URL:
    Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania
    Country:
    Lithuania

    Article 21. (...) It shall be prohibited to torture or injure a human being, degrade his dignity, subject him to cruel treatment, or to establish such punishments. (...)

3 results found

  • Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, Committee on the Rights of the Child, Joint general recommendation/general comment No. 31 of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women and No. 18 of the Committee on t...
    URL:
    (Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, Committee on the Rights of the Child , Joint general recommendation/general comment No. 31 and No. 18)
  • Human Rights Committee, General Comment No. 35 - Article 9: Liberty and Security of person
    URL:
    (Human Rights Committee, General Comment No. 35)

    ‘34. The individual must be brought to appear physically before the judge or other officer authorized by law to exercise judicial power. The physical presence of detainees at the hearing gives the opportunity for inquiry into the treatment that they received in custody and facilitates immediate transfer to a remand detention centre if continued detention is ordered. It thus serves as a safeguard for the right to security of person and the prohibition against torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment. ‘ ‘58. Several safeguards that are essential for the prevention of torture are also necessary for the protection of persons in any form of detention against arbitrary detention and infringement of personal security. The following examples are non-exhaustive. Detainees should be held only in facilities officially acknowledged as places of detention. A centralized official register should be kept of the names and places of detention, and times of arrival and departure, as well as of the names of persons responsible for their detention, and made readily available and accessible to those concerned, including relatives. Prompt and regular access should be given to independent medical personnel and lawyers and, under appropriate supervision when the legitimate purpose of the detention so requires, to family members. Detainees should be promptly informed of their rights, in a language they understand; providing information leaflets in the appropriate language, including in Braille, may often assist the detainee in retaining the information. Detained foreign nationals should be informed of their right to communicate with their consular authorities, or, in the case of asylum seekers, with the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. Independent and impartial mechanisms should be established for visiting and inspecting all places of detention, including mental-health institutions.‘

  • UN General Assembly Resolution 70/175 (2015) - United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners (the Nelson Mandela Rules)
    URL:
    (the Nelson Mandela Rules)

    Rule 1 ‘All prisoners shall be treated with the respect due to their inherent dignity and value as human beings. No prisoner shall be subjected to, and all prisoners shall be protected from, torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, for which no circumstances whatsoever may be invoked as a justification. The safety and security of prisoners, staff, service providers and visitors shall be ensured at all times.‘ Rule 32 ‘1. The relationship between the physician or other health-care professionals and the prisoners shall be governed by the same ethical and professional standards as those applicable to patients in the community, in particular: [...] (d) An absolute prohibition on engaging, actively or passively, in acts that may constitute torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, including medical or scientific experimentation that may be detrimental to a prisoner’s health, such as the removal of a prisoner’s cells, body tissues or organs.‘ Rule 43 ‘1. In no circumstances may restrictions or disciplinary sanctions amount to torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. The following practices, in particular, shall be prohibited: (a) Indefinite solitary confinement; (b) Prolonged solitary confinement; (c) Placement of a prisoner in a dark or constantly lit cell; (d) Corporal punishment or the reduction of a prisoner’s diet or drinking water; (e) Collective punishment.‘

8 results found