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Artikel 5 - Het verbod van slavernij en dwangarbeid

Artikel 5 - Het verbod van slavernij en dwangarbeid

1. Niemand mag in slavernij of dienstbaarheid worden gehouden.

2. Niemand mag gedwongen worden dwangarbeid of verplichte arbeid te verrichten.

3. Mensenhandel is verboden.

    Text:

    1. Het recht van artikel 5, leden 1 en 2, correspondeert met het gelijkluidende artikel 4, leden 1 en 2, van het EVRM. Overeenkomstig artikel 52, lid 3, van het Handvest heeft het dus dezelfde inhoud en reikwijdte als voornoemd artikel. Dit heeft tot gevolg dat:
    - het recht van lid 1 niet rechtmatig kan worden beperkt;
    - de begrippen `dwangarbeid of verplichte arbeid` in lid 2 moeten worden uitgelegd in het licht van de `negatieve` definities in artikel 4, lid 3, van het EVRM:
    `Niet als `dwangarbeid of verplichte arbeid` in de zin van dit artikel worden beschouwd:
    a) elk werk dat gewoonlijk wordt vereist van iemand die is gedetineerd overeenkomstig artikel 5 van dit Verdrag, of gedurende zijn voorwaardelijke invrijheidstelling;
    b) elke dienst van militaire aard, of, in het geval van gewetensbezwaarden in landen waarin hun gewetensbezwaren worden erkend, diensten die gevorderd worden in plaats van de verplichte militaire dienst;
    c) elke dienst die wordt gevorderd in het geval van een noodtoestand of ramp die het leven of het welzijn van de gemeenschap bedreigt;
    d) elk werk of elke dienst die deel uitmaakt van normale burgerplichten.`.
    2. Lid 3 vloeit direct voort uit de menselijke waardigheid en houdt rekening met recente ontwikkelingen op het gebied van de georganiseerde criminaliteit, zoals het organiseren van lucratieve kanalen voor illegale immigratie of seksuele uitbuiting. De bijlage bij de Europol-overeenkomst bevat de volgende definitie van mensenhandel met het oog op seksuele uitbuiting: `Mensenhandel: het onderwerpen van een persoon aan de feitelijke en wederrechtelijke macht van andere personen door gebruik te maken van geweld of bedreiging met geweld dan wel door misbruik te maken van een gezagsverhouding of van misleiding met name teneinde zich bezig te houden met de exploitatie van prostitutie van die andere persoon, vormen van uitbuiting en seksueel geweld ten aanzien van minderjarigen of met de handel in afgestane kinderen`. Hoofdstuk VI van de Schengenuitvoeringsovereenkomst, die in het acquis van de Unie is geïntegreerd en waaraan het Verenigd Koninkrijk en Ierland deelnemen, bevat, in artikel 27, lid 1, de volgende passus waarmee de illegale immigratiekanalen worden beoogd: `De Overeenkomstsluitende Partijen verbinden zich ertoe te voorzien in passende sancties jegens eenieder die een vreemdeling uit winstbejag helpt of poogt te helpen het grondgebied van één der Overeenkomstsluitende Partijen binnen te komen of aldaar te verblijven, zulks in strijd met de wetgeving van deze Partij betreffende de binnenkomst en het verblijf van vreemdelingen.`. Op 19 juli 2002 heeft de Raad een kaderbesluit inzake bestrijding van mensenhandel vastgesteld (PB L 203 van 1.8.2002, blz. 1) dat een gedetailleerde lijst bevat van strafbare feiten op het gebied van mensenhandel met het oog op uitbuiting op arbeidsgebied of seksuele uitbuiting die de lidstaten uit hoofde van het kaderbesluit strafbaar dienen te stellen (artikel 1).

    Source:
    Publicatieblad van de Europese Unie C 303/17 - 14.12.2007

    Preamble - Explanations relating to the Charter of Fundamental Rights:
    Deze toelichtingen werden oorspronkelijk opgesteld onder de verantwoordelijkheid van het praesidium van de Conventie die het Handvest van de grondrechten van de Europese Unie heeft opgesteld. Zij zijn bijgewerkt onder de verantwoordelijkheid van het praesidium van de Europese Conventie, in het licht van de wijzigingen die door laatstgenoemde Conventie in het Handvest zijn aangebracht (met name in artikel 51 en 52) en van verdere ontwikkelingen in het recht van de Unie. Hoewel zij op zich geen juridische waarde hebben, vormen zij een waardevol hulpmiddel voor de interpretatie, bedoeld om de bepalingen van het Handvest te verduidelijken.

55 results found

  • Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms
    URL:
    Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms
    Country:
    Czechia

    Article 9 (1) No one may be subjected to forced labour or service. (2) The provision of paragraph 1 shall not apply to: (a) labour imposed in accordance with law upon persons serving a prison sentence or upon persons serving other penalties that take the place of the penalty of imprisonment, (b) military service or some other service provided for by law in place of compulsory military service, (c) service required on the basis of law in the event of natural disasters, accidents, or other danger threatening human life, health, or property of significant value, (d) conduct imposed by law for the protection of life, health, or the rights of others.

  • Listina základních práv a svobod
    URL:
    Listina základních práv a svobod
    Country:
    Czechia

    Článek 9 (1) Nikdo nesmí být podroben nuceným pracím nebo službám. (2) Ustanovení odstavce 1 se nevztahuje na: (a) práce ukládané podle zákona osobám ve výkonu trestu odnětí svobody nebo osobám vykonávajícím jiný trest nahrazující trest odnětí svobody, (b) vojenskou službu nebo jinou službu stanovenou zákonem namísto povinné vojenské služby, (c) službu vyžadovanou na základě zákona v případě živelních pohrom, nehod, nebo jiného nebezpečí, které ohrožuje životy, zdraví nebo značné majetkové hodnoty, (d) jednání uložené zákonem pro ochranu života, zdraví nebo práv druhých.

  • Asylum and Immigration (Treatment of Claimants, etc.) Act 2004
    URL:
    Asylum and Immigration (Treatment of Claimants, etc.) Act 2004
    Country:
    United Kingdom

    Section 4. Trafficking people for exploitation (1) A person commits an offence if he arranges or facilitates the arrival in the United Kingdom of an individual (the "passenger") and- (a) he intends to exploit the passenger in the United Kingdom or elsewhere, or (b) he believes that another person is likely to exploit the passenger in the United Kingdom or elsewhere. (2) A person commits an offence if he arranges or facilitates travel within the United Kingdom by an individual (the "passenger") in respect of whom he believes that an offence under subsection (1) may have been committed and- (a) he intends to exploit the passenger in the United Kingdom or elsewhere, or (b) he believes that another person is likely to exploit the passenger in the United Kingdom or elsewhere. (3) A person commits an offence if he arranges or facilitates the departure from the United Kingdom of an individual (the "passenger") and- (a) he intends to exploit the passenger outside the United Kingdom, or (b) he believes that another person is likely to exploit the passenger outside the United Kingdom. (4) For the purposes of this section a person is exploited if (and only if)- (a) he is the victim of behaviour that contravenes Article 4 of the Human Rights Convention (slavery and forced labour), (b) he is encouraged, required or expected to do anything as a result of which he or another person would commit an offence under the Human Organ Transplants Act 1989 (c. 31) or the Human Organ Transplants (Northern Ireland) Order 1989 (S.I. 1989/2408 (N.I. 21)), (c) he is subjected to force, threats or deception designed to induce him- (i) to provide services of any kind, (ii) to provide another person with benefits of any kind, or (iii) to enable another person to acquire benefits of any kind, or (d) he is requested or induced to undertake any activity, having been chosen as the subject of the request or inducement on the grounds that- (i) he is mentally or physically ill or disabled, he is young or he has a family relationship with a person, and (ii) a person without the illness, disability, youth or family relationship would be likely to refuse the request or resist the inducement. (5) A person guilty of an offence under this section shall be liable- (a) on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 14 years, to a fine or to both, or (b) on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding twelve months, to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum or to both.Article 4 ECHR is also incorporated through the Human Rights Act 1998

  • Modern Slavery Act 2015
    URL:
    Modern Slavery Act 2015
    Country:
    United Kingdom

    Section 2 Human trafficking (1)A person commits an offence if the person arranges or facilitates the travel of another person (“V”) with a view to V being exploited. (2)It is irrelevant whether V consents to the travel (whether V is an adult or a child). (3)A person may in particular arrange or facilitate V’s travel by recruiting V, transporting or transferring V, harbouring or receiving V, or transferring or exchanging control over V. (4)A person arranges or facilitates V’s travel with a view to V being exploited only if— (a)the person intends to exploit V (in any part of the world) during or after the travel, or (b)the person knows or ought to know that another person is likely to exploit V (in any part of the world) during or after the travel. (5)“Travel” means— (a)arriving in, or entering, any country, (b)departing from any country, (c)travelling within any country. (6)A person who is a UK national commits an offence under this section regardless of— (a)where the arranging or facilitating takes place, or (b)where the travel takes place. (7)A person who is not a UK national commits an offence under this section if— (a)any part of the arranging or facilitating takes place in the United Kingdom, or (b)the travel consists of arrival in or entry into, departure from, or travel within, the United Kingdom.

  • Modern Slavery Act 2015
    URL:
    Modern Slavery Act 2015
    Country:
    United Kingdom

    Section 3 Meaning of exploitation (1)For the purposes of section 2 a person is exploited only if one or more of the following subsections apply in relation to the person. Slavery, servitude and forced or compulsory labour (2)The person is the victim of behaviour— (a)which involves the commission of an offence under section 1, or (b)which would involve the commission of an offence under that section if it took place in England and Wales. Sexual exploitation (3)Something is done to or in respect of the person— (a)which involves the commission of an offence under— (i)section 1(1)(a) of the Protection of Children Act 1978 (indecent photographs of children), or (ii)Part 1 of the Sexual Offences Act 2003 (sexual offences), as it has effect in England and Wales, or (b)which would involve the commission of such an offence if it were done in England and Wales. Removal of organs etc (4)The person is encouraged, required or expected to do anything— (a)which involves the commission, by him or her or another person, of an offence under section 32 or 33 of the Human Tissue Act 2004 (prohibition of commercial dealings in organs and restrictions on use of live donors) as it has effect in England and Wales, or (b)which would involve the commission of such an offence, by him or her or another person, if it were done in England and Wales. Securing services etc by force, threats or deception (5)The person is subjected to force, threats or deception designed to induce him or her— (a)to provide services of any kind, (b)to provide another person with benefits of any kind, or (c)to enable another person to acquire benefits of any kind. Securing services etc from children and vulnerable persons (6)Another person uses or attempts to use the person for a purpose within paragraph (a), (b) or (c) of subsection (5), having chosen him or her for that purpose on the grounds that— (a)he or she is a child, is mentally or physically ill or disabled, or has a family relationship with a particular person, and (b)an adult, or a person without the illness, disability, or family relationship, would be likely to refuse to be used for that purpose.

  • Modern Slavery Act 2015
    URL:
    Modern Slavery Act 2015
    Country:
    United Kingdom

    Section 1 Slavery, servitude and forced or compulsory labour (1)A person commits an offence if— (a)the person holds another person in slavery or servitude and the circumstances are such that the person knows or ought to know that the other person is held in slavery or servitude, or (b)the person requires another person to perform forced or compulsory labour and the circumstances are such that the person knows or ought to know that the other person is being required to perform forced or compulsory labour. (2)In subsection (1) the references to holding a person in slavery or servitude or requiring a person to perform forced or compulsory labour are to be construed in accordance with Article 4 of the Human Rights Convention. (3)In determining whether a person is being held in slavery or servitude or required to perform forced or compulsory labour, regard may be had to all the circumstances. (4)For example, regard may be had— (a)to any of the person’s personal circumstances (such as the person being a child, the person’s family relationships, and any mental or physical illness) which may make the person more vulnerable than other persons; (b)to any work or services provided by the person, including work or services provided in circumstances which constitute exploitation within section 3(3) to (6). (5)The consent of a person (whether an adult or a child) to any of the acts alleged to constitute holding the person in slavery or servitude, or requiring the person to perform forced or compulsory labour, does not preclude a determination that the person is being held in slavery or servitude, or required to perform forced or compulsory labour.

  • Sexual Offences Act 2003
    URL:
    Sexual Offences Act 2003
    Country:
    United Kingdom

     Section 57 Trafficking into the UK for sexual exploitation (1) A person commits an offence if he intentionally arranges or facilitates the arrival in the United Kingdom of another person (B) and either— (a) he intends to do anything to or in respect of B, after B’s arrival but in any part of the world, which if done will involve the commission of a relevant offence, or (b) he believes that another person is likely to do something to or in respect of B, after B’s arrival but in any part of the world, which if done will involve the commission of a relevant offence. (2) A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable— (a) on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum or both; (b) on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 14 years.Section 58 Trafficking within the UK for sexual exploitation (1) A person commits an offence if he intentionally arranges or facilitates travel within the United Kingdom by another person (B) and either— (a) he intends to do anything to or in respect of B, during or after the journey and in any part of the world, which if done will involve the commission of a relevant offence, or (b) he believes that another person is likely to do something to or in respect of B, during or after the journey and in any part of the world, which if done will involve the commission of a relevant offence. (...)Section 59 Trafficking out of the UK for sexual exploitation (1) A person commits an offence if he intentionally arranges or facilitates the departure from the United Kingdom of another person (B) and either— (a) he intends to do anything to or in respect of B, after B’s departure but in any part of the world, which if done will involve the commission of a relevant offence, or (b) he believes that another person is likely to do something to or in respect of B, after B’s departure but in any part of the world, which if done will involve the commission of a relevant offence. (2) A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable— (a) on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum or both; (b) on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 14 years. 

  • The Protection of Freedoms Act 2012
    URL:
    The Protection of Freedoms Act 2012
    Country:
    United Kingdom

    Part 7 Trafficking people for exploitation 

  • Constitutión Española
    URL:
    Constitutión Española
    Country:
    Spain

    Artículo 25 (...) 2. Las penas privativas de libertad y las medidas de seguridad estarán orientadas hacia la reeducación y reinserción social y no podrán consistir en trabajos forzados. (...)

  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Spain
    URL:
    Constitution of the Kingdom of Spain
    Country:
    Spain

    Section 25(...) 2. Punishments entailing imprisonment and security measures shall be aimed at reeducation and social rehabilitation and may not involve forced labour. (...)

  • Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia
    URL:
    Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia
    Country:
    Slovenia

    Article 49 Freedom of work shall be guaranteed. Everyone shall choose his employment freely. Everyone shall have access under equal conditions to any position of employment. Forced labour shall be prohibited.

  • Ustava Republike Slovenije
    URL:
    Ustava Republike Slovenije
    Country:
    Slovenia

    49. člen Zagotovljena je svoboda dela. Vsakdo prosto izbira zaposlitev. Vsakomur je pod enakimi pogoji dostopno vsako delovno mesto. Prisilno delo je prepovedano.

  • Constitution of the Slovak Republic
    URL:
    Constitution of the Slovak Republic
    Country:
    Slovakia

    Article 18 (1) No one may be subjected to forced labor, or services. (2) The provision of paragraph 1 does not apply to a) work assigned according to law to persons serving a prison sentence or persons serving other sentence substituting a prison sentence, b) military service or other service laid down by law in lieu of compulsory military service, c) services required on the basis of the law in the event of natural disasters, accidents, or other dangers posing a threat to life, health, or property of great value, d) activities prescribed by law to protect life, health, or the rights of others, e) small community services on the basis of the law.

  • Ústava Slovenskej republiky
    URL:
    Ústava Slovenskej republiky
    Country:
    Slovakia

    Čl. 18(1) Nikoho nemožno poslať na nútené práce alebo nútené služby. (2) Ustanovenie odseku 1 sa nevzťahuje na a) práce ukladané podľa zákona osobám vo výkone trestu odňatia slobody alebo osobám vykonávajúcim iný trest nahrádzajúci trest odňatia slobody, b) vojenskú službu alebo inú službu ustanovenú zákonom namiesto povinnej vojenskej služby, c) službu vyžadovanú na základe zákona v prípade živelných pohrôm, nehôd alebo iného nebezpečenstva, ktoré ohrozuje životy, zdravie alebo značné majetkové hodnoty, d) konanie uložené zákonom na ochranu života, zdravia alebo práv iných, e) menšie obecné služby na základe zákona.

  • Constituția României
    URL:
    Constituția României
    Country:
    Romania

    Articolul 42(1) Munca fortata este interzisa. (2) Nu constituie munca fortata: a) activitatile pentru îndeplinirea îndatoririlor militare, precum si cele desfasurate, potrivit legii, în locul acestora, din motive religioase sau de constiinta; b) munca unei persoane condamnate, prestata în conditii normale, în perioada de detentie sau de libertate conditionata; c) prestatiile impuse în situatia creata de calamitati ori de alt pericol, precum si cele care fac parte din obligatiile civile normale stabilite de lege.

  • Constitution of Romania
    URL:
    Constitution of Romania
    Country:
    Romania

    Article 42(1) Forced labour is prohibited. (2) Forced labour does not include: a) activities of doing the military service, as well as activities performed in lieu thereof, according to the law, due to religious or conscience-related reasons; b) the work of a sentenced person, carried out under normal conditions, during detention or conditional release; c) any services required to deal with a calamity or any other danger, as well as those which are part of normal civil obligations as established by law.

  • Constituição da República Portuguesa
    URL:
    Constituição da República Portuguesa
    Country:
    Portugal

    Artigo 25.º (Direito à integridade pessoal) 2. Ninguém pode ser submetido a tortura, nem a tratos ou penas cruéis, degradantes ou desumanos. Artigo 59.º (Direitos dos trabalhadores) 1. Todos os trabalhadores, sem distinção de idade, sexo, raça, cidadania, território de origem, religião, convicções políticas ou ideológicas, têm direito: a) À retribuição do trabalho, segundo a quantidade, natureza e qualidade, observando-se o princípio de que para trabalho igual salário igual, de forma a garantir uma existência condigna; b) A organização do trabalho em condições socialmente dignificantes, de forma a facultar a realização pessoal e a permitir a conciliação da actividade profissional com a vida familiar; c) A prestação do trabalho em condições de higiene, segurança e saúde; d) Ao repouso e aos lazeres, a um limite máximo da jornada de trabalho, ao descanso semanal e a férias periódicas pagas.

  • Constitution of the Portuguese Republic
    URL:
    Constitution of the Portuguese Republic
    Country:
    Portugal

    Article 25 (Right to personal integrity) (2) No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, degrading or inhuman treatment or punishment. Article 59 (Workers’ rights) (1) Regardless of age, sex, race, citizenship, place of origin, religion and political and ideological convictions, every worker has the right: (a) To the remuneration of his work in accordance with its volume, nature and quality, with respect for the principle of equal pay for equal work and in such a way as to guarantee a proper living; (b) That work be organised under conditions of social dignity and in such a way as to provide personal fulfilment and to make it possible to reconcile work and family life; (c) To work in conditions that are hygienic, safe and healthy; (d) To rest and leisure time, a maximum limit on the working day, a weekly rest period and periodic paid holidays.

  • Constitution of the Republic of Poland
    URL:
    Constitution of the Republic of Poland
    Country:
    Poland

    Article 65(...) 2. An obligation to work may be imposed only by statute. (...)

  • Konstytucja Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej
    URL:
    Konstytucja Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej
    Country:
    Poland

    Art. 65.(...) 2. Obowiązek pracy może być nałożony tylko przez ustawę. (...)

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