Justice

Правосъдие, права на жертвите и съдебно сътрудничество

<p>Your access to justice is a fundamental right. It is central to making your other rights a reality.</p>
<p>It protects rights of the individual. It puts right civil wrongs. It holds power to account. We shine a light on obstacles to access to justice. And we give evidence-based advice on overcoming them.</p>

Highlights

  • Handbook / Guide / Manual
    22
    June
    2016
    Der Zugang zur Justiz ist ein bedeutendes Element der Rechtsstaatlichkeit. Einzelne erhalten so die
    Möglichkeit, sich gegen eine Verletzung ihrer Rechte zu schützen, im Falle unerlaubter Handlungen
    Rechtsbehelfe geltend zu machen, die Exekutive zur Verantwortung zu ziehen und sich selbst in
    Strafsachen zu verteidigen. Dieses Handbuch fasst die zentralen Grundsätze des europäischen
    Rechts im Bereich des Zugangs zur Justiz zusammen.
  • Page
    The Criminal Detention Database 2015-2019 combines in one place information on detention conditions in all 28 EU Member States.
  • Report / Paper / Summary
    25
    June
    2019
    This
    report is the EU Fundamental Rights Agency’s fourth on the topic of severe labour exploitation. Based
    on interviews with 237 exploited workers, it paints a bleak picture of severe exploitation and abuse. The
    workers include both people who came to the EU, and EU nationals who moved to another EU country. They
    were active in diverse sectors, and their legal status also varied.
  • Video
    What are the next steps in the digitalisation of justice and of access to justice? This impulse video statement by FRA Director Michael O’Flaherty was recorded for the online conference “Access to Justice in the Digital Age”. The conference takes place on 16 July and is organised by the German Federal Ministry for Justice and Consumer Protection during the German Council Presidency.
Products
18
November
2021
This report examines the EU’s main criminal law instrument in the
field of counter-terrorism, Directive (EU) 2017/541. Specifically, it
considers how the directive engages issues of fundamental rights,
affecting individuals, groups and society as a whole.
10
June
2021
През 2020 г. отбелязахме както напредък,
така и неуспехи по отношение на защитата на
основните права. В Доклада относно основните
права (2021 г.) на FRA е извършен преглед на
важните развития в областта, като са посочени
както постиженията, така и областите, които
все още пораждат.
10
June
2021
FRA’s Fundamental Rights Report 2021 reviews major developments in the field in 2020, identifying both achievements and areas of concern. It also presents FRA’s opinions on these developments, including a synopsis of the evidence supporting these opinions. This year’s focus chapter explores the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on fundamental rights. The remaining chapters cover: the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights; equality and non-discrimination; racism, xenophobia and related intolerance; Roma equality and inclusion; asylum, borders and migration; information society, privacy and data protection; rights of the child; access to justice; and the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.
10
June
2021
This focus looks at COVID-19’s impact on fundamental
rights. It underscores that a human rights-based
approach to tackling the pandemic requires balanced
measures that are based on law, necessary, temporary
and proportional. It also requires addressing the
pandemic’s socio-economic impact, protecting the
vulnerable and fighting racism.
31
March
2021
This report looks at the practical implementation of the presumption
of innocence in criminal proceedings, and related rights, in 9 EU
Member States (Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Germany, Italy,
Lithuania, Poland and Portugal). Article 48 of the EU Charter of
Fundamental Rights guarantees the presumption of innocence – but,
as FRA’s research underscores, it can be undermined in many ways.
2021
В настоящото резюме се представят основните
изводи от втория основен доклад на FRA, които
се базират на проучването ѝ за основните
права. В проучването са събрани данни от около
35 000 лица относно техния опит, възприятия
и мнения по редица въпроси, които са
обхванати по различен начин от правата на
човека.
Crime can touch any of us – as witnesses or as victims. But no matter who you are, we all have rights when it comes to justice. These three short clips show some aspects of working together for justice, rights of victims of crime and rights of witnesses of crime.
We don’t all experience crime in the same way, and we might deal with it differently. But it’s vital – as victims or witnesses – that our rights are guaranteed, because access to justice is our fundamental right. Watch FRA Director Michael O’Flaherty speaking on the Fundamental Rights Survey report on crime, safety and victims’ rights.
Crime can touch any of us – as witnesses or as victims. But no matter who you are, we all have rights when it comes to justice. It is for this reason that the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights asked 35,000 people across Europe about their experiences of crime in its Fundamental Rights Survey, and the results are in.
19
February
2021
This is the second main report from FRA’s Fundamental Rights Survey, which collected data from 35,000 people on a range of issues. This report focuses on respondents’ experiences as victims of selected types of crime, including violence, harassment, and property crime. The report also examines how often these crimes are reported to the police, and presents further details relating to harassment and violence, such as the perpetrators and where the incidents took place.
6
October
2020
Business activity affects not just customers, employees, and
contractors along supply chains, but often entire communities and
the environment. This makes it vital that every business complies
with human rights.
This comparative report looks at the realities victims face when they
seek redress for business-related human rights abuses. It presents
the findings of fieldwork research on the views of professionals
regarding the different ways people can pursue complaints. The
findings highlight that obstacles to achieving justice are often multilayered.
29
July
2020
As we enter the second half of 2020, the constraints on our daily lives
brought about by the Coronavirus pandemic have become a firm reality.
New local lockdowns and the reintroduction of restrictive measures
prompted by fresh outbreaks of the virus are a stark reminder that
COVID-19 continues to shape our lives – and our enjoyment of fundamental
rights – in profound ways. There is compelling evidence of how the
pandemic has exacerbated existing challenges in our societies. This FRA
Bulletin outlines some of the measures EU Member States adopted to
safely reopen their societies and economies while continuing to mitigate
the spread of COVID-19. It highlights the impact these measures may have
on civil, political and socioeconomic rights.
This video was produced for the launch of the Fundamental Rights Survey in June 2020 and gives an overview of the main results.
22
July
2020
This paper presents people’s concerns and experiences relating to security. It covers worry about crime, including terrorism and online fraud; experience of online fraud; experience of cyberharassment; and concern about illegal access to data.
What are the next steps in the digitalisation of justice and of access to justice? This impulse video statement by FRA Director Michael O’Flaherty was recorded for the online conference “Access to Justice in the Digital Age”. The conference takes place on 16 July and is organised by the German Federal Ministry for Justice and Consumer Protection during the German Council Presidency.

Forced return monitoring systems – State of play in EU Member States

The EU Return Directive introduced an important fundamental rights safeguard for third-country nationals ordered to leave the EU because they do not or no longer fulfil the conditions for entry and/or stay. According to the Directive, Member States must provide for an effective forced-return monitoring system.
11
June
2020
Now available in all 24 official EU languages
12 August 2020
През 2019 г. отбелязахме както напредък, така и неуспехи по отношение на защитата на основните права. В Доклада на FRA относно основните права от 2020 г. е извършен преглед на важните развития в областта, като са посочени както постиженията, така и областите, които все още пораждат загриженост. В настоящата публикация са представени становищата на FRA относно основните развития в обхванатите тематични области и обзор на доказателствата в подкрепа на тези становища. По този начин в нея е даден стегнат, но съдържателен преглед на основните предизвикателства в областта на основните права, пред които са изправени ЕС и неговите държави членки.
11
June
2020
FRA’s Fundamental Rights Report 2020 reviews major developments in the field in 2019, identifying both achievements and areas of concern. It also presents FRA’s opinions on these developments, including a synopsis of the evidence supporting these opinions. This year’s focus chapter explores how to unlock the full potential of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights.
28
May
2020
The Coronavirus pandemic continues to interrupt everyday life in the EU
in unprecedented ways. But the way it affects our societies is shifting. As
governments gradually lift some of the measures put in place to contain the
spread of COVID-19, new fundamental rights concerns arise: how to ensure that
the rights to life and health are upheld as daily life transitions to a ‘new normal’.
This Bulletin looks at declarations of states of emergency, or equivalent, and
how they came under scrutiny. It considers the impact on fundamental rights in
important areas of daily life, and includes a thematic focus on the processing of
users’ data to help contain COVID-19, particularly by contact-tracing apps. It covers the period 21 March – 30 April 2020.