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Artykuł 1 - Godność człowieka

Godność człowieka jest nienaruszalna. Musi być szanowana i chroniona.

    Text:

    Godność człowieka jest nie tylko podstawowym prawem samym w sobie, ale stanowi rzeczywistą podstawę praw podstawowych. Powszechna Deklaracja Praw Człowieka z roku 1948 uwzględnia w preambule godność człowieka: `Zważywszy, że uznanie przyrodzonej godności oraz równych i niezbywalnych praw wszystkich członków wspólnoty ludzkiej jest podstawą wolności, sprawiedliwości i pokoju na świecie`. W swoim wyroku z dnia 9 października 2001 r. w sprawie C-377/98 Niderlandy przeciwko Parlamentowi Europejskiemu i Radzie, Rec. 2001, s. I-7079, pkt 70–77, Trybunał Sprawiedliwości potwierdził, że podstawowe prawo do godności człowieka jest częścią prawa Unii.
    W związku z tym, żadne z praw zawartych w Karcie nie może zostać użyte do naruszenia godności innej osoby, a godność człowieka jest częścią istoty praw zawartych w Karcie. Dlatego też prawo to nie może zostać naruszone, nawet jeżeli oznaczałoby to ograniczenie innego prawa.

    Source:
    Dziennik Urzędowy Unii Europejskiej C 303/17 - 14.12.2007

    Preamble - Explanations relating to the Charter of Fundamental Rights:
    Poniższe wyjaśnienia zostały pierwotnie sporządzone w ramach uprawnień Prezydium Konwentu, który opracował Kartę praw podstawowych Unii Europejskiej. Zostały uaktualnione pod kierunkiem Prezydium Konwentu Europejskiego z uwzględnieniem dostosowań dokonanych w tekście Karty przez ten Konwent (w szczególności w artykułach 51 i 52) oraz ewolucji prawa Unii. Mimo, że wyjaśnienia te nie posiadają wartości prawnej, są one cennym narzędziem wykładni przeznaczonym do wyjaśnienia postanowień Karty.

45 results found

  • Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms
    URL:
    Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms
    Country:
    Czechia

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  • Constitution of the Czech Republic
    URL:
    Constitution of the Czech Republic
    Country:
    Czechia

    Preamble We, the citizens of the Czech Republic (…) Resolved to build, safeguard, and develop the Czech Republic in the spirit of the sanctity of human dignity and liberty, As the homeland of free citizens enjoying equal rights, conscious of their duties towards others and their responsibility towards the community, As a free and democratic state founded on respect for human rights and on the principles of civic society, As a part of the family of democracies in Europe and around the world, Resolved to guard and develop together the natural and cultural, material and spiritual wealth handed down to us, Resolved to abide by all proven principles of a state governed by the rule of law (…)

  • Listina základních práv a svobod
    URL:
    Listina základních práv a svobod
    Country:
    Czechia

    Článek 1 Lidé jsou svobodní a rovní v důstojnosti i v právech. Základní práva a svobody jsou nezadatelné, nezcizitelné, nepromlčitelné a nezrušitelné. Článek 10 (1) Každý má právo, aby byla zachována jeho lidská důstojnost, osobní čest, dobrá pověst a chráněno jeho jméno.

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    Ústava České republiky
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  • The Protection of Freedoms Act 2012
    URL:
    The Protection of Freedoms Act 2012
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  • Instrument of Government
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    Instrument of Government
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    Sweden

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    Kungörelse (1974:152) om beslutad ny regeringsform
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  • Constitutión Española
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    Constitutión Española
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    PreambleLa Nación española, (...) proclama su voluntad de: (...) Promover el progreso de la cultura y de la economía para asegurar a todos una digna calidad de vida.(...)Artículo 101. La dignidad de la persona, los derechos inviolables que le son inherentes, el libre desarrollo de la personalidad, el respeto a la ley y a los derechos de los demás son fundamento del orden político y de la paz social. (...)

  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Spain
    URL:
    Constitution of the Kingdom of Spain
    Country:
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    Preamble The Spanish Nation, (...) proclaims its will to: (...) Promote the progress of culture and of the economy to ensure a dignified quality of life for all. (...) Article 101. The dignity of the person, the inviolable rights which are inherent, the free development of the personality, the respect for the law and for the rights of others are the foundation of political order and social peace. (...)

  • Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia
    URL:
    Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia
    Country:
    Slovenia

    article 21 Respect for human personality and dignity shall be guaranteed in criminal and in all other legal proceedings, as well as during the deprivation of liberty and enforcement of punitive sanctions. Violence of any form against any person whose liberty has been restricted in any way is prohibited, as is the use of any form of coercion in obtaining confessions and statements. Article 34 Everyone has the right to personal dignity and safety.

  • Ustava Republike Slovenije
    URL:
    Ustava Republike Slovenije
    Country:
    Slovenia

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  • Constitution of the Slovak Republic
    URL:
    Constitution of the Slovak Republic
    Country:
    Slovakia

    Article 12(1) People are free and equal in dignity and in rights. Basic rights and freedoms are inviolable, inalienable, imprescriptible, and indefeasible. (...) Article 19(1) Everyone has the right to the preservation of human dignity, personal honour, reputation and the protection of good name. (...)

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    URL:
    Ústava Slovenskej republiky
    Country:
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    Constituția României
    Country:
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    URL:
    Constitution of Romania
    Country:
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    URL:
    Constituição da República Portuguesa
    Country:
    Portugal

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  • Constitution of the Portuguese Republic
    URL:
    Constitution of the Portuguese Republic
    Country:
    Portugal

    Article 1 (Portuguese Republic) Portugal is a sovereign Republic, based on the dignity of the human person and the will of the people and committed to building a free, just and solidary society. Article 13 (Principle of equality) (1) All citizens have the same social dignity and are equal before the law. Article 26 (Other personal rights) (2) The law shall lay down effective guarantees against the improper procurement and misuse of information concerning persons and families and its procurement or use contrary to human dignity. (3) The law shall guarantee the personal dignity and genetic identity of the human person, particularly in the creation, development and use of technologies and in scientific experimentation. Article 59 (Workers' rights) (1) Regardless of age, sex, race, citizenship, place of origin, religion and political or ideological convictions, every worker has the right: (b) That the work be organised under conditions of social dignity and in such a way as to provide personal fulfilment and to make it possible to reconcile work and family life. Article 67 (Family) (2) In order to protect the family, the state is particularly charged with: (e) Regulating assisted procreation in such a way as to safeguard the dignity of the human person. Article 206 (Court hearings) Court hearings are public, save when, in order to safeguard personal dignity or public moral, or to insure its normal operation, the court itself decides otherwise in a written order that sets out the grounds of its decision.

  • Constitution of the Republic of Poland
    URL:
    Constitution of the Republic of Poland
    Country:
    Poland

    Preamble(...) We, the Polish Nation - all citizens of the Republic, ... (...) call upon all those who will apply this Constitution for the good of the Third Republic to do so paying respect to the inherent dignity of the person, his or her right to freedom, the obligation of solidarity with others, and respect for these principles as the unshakeable foundation of the Republic of Poland.Article 30 The inherent and inalienable dignity of the person shall constitute a source of freedoms and rights of persons and citizens. It shall be inviolable. The respect and protection thereof shall be the obligation of public authorities.

  • Konstytucja Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej
    URL:
    Konstytucja Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej
    Country:
    Poland

    Preambuła(...) my, Naród Polski - wszyscy obywatele Rzeczypospolitej, (...) Wszystkich, którzy dla dobra Trzeciej Rzeczypospolitej tę Konstytucję będą stosowali, wzywamy, aby czynili to, dbając o zachowanie przyrodzonej godności człowieka, jego prawa do wolności i obowiązku solidarności z innymi, a poszanowanie tych zasad mieli za niewzruszoną podstawę Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej.Art. 30 Przyrodzona i niezbywalna godność człowieka stanowi źródło wolności i praw człowieka i obywatela. Jest ona nienaruszalna, a jej poszanowanie i ochrona jest obowiązkiem władz publicznych.

  • Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania
    URL:
    Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania
    Country:
    Lithuania

    Article 21. The human person shall be inviolable. Human dignity shall be protected by law.(…)

3 results found

  • Council of Europe Convention against Trafficking in Human Organs
    URL:
    (CoE Trafficking in Human Organs Convention)

    Preamble: ‘[...] Considering that the trafficking in human organs violates human dignity and the right to life and constitutes a serious threat to public health;’

  • Protocol of 2014 to the Forced Labour Convention, 1930
    URL:
    (2014 Protocol to the Forced Labour Convention)

    Preamble: ‘[...] Recognizing that the prohibition of forced or compulsory labour forms part of the body of fundamental rights, and that forced or compulsory labour violates the human rights and dignity of millions of women and men, girls and boys, contributes to the perpetuation of poverty and stands in the way of the achievement of decent work for all, [...].‘

  • UN General Assembly Resolution 70/175 (2015) - United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners (the Nelson Mandela Rules)
    URL:
    (the Nelson Mandela Rules)

    Rule 1 ‘All prisoners shall be treated with the respect due to their inherent dignity and value as human beings. No prisoner shall be subjected to, and all prisoners shall be protected from, torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, for which no circumstances whatsoever may be invoked as a justification. The safety and security of prisoners, staff, service providers and visitors shall be ensured at all times.‘ Rule 5 ‘1. The prison regime should seek to minimize any differences between prison life and life at liberty that tend to lessen the responsibility of the prisoners or the respect due to their dignity as human beings.‘ Rule 50 ‘The laws and regulations governing searches of prisoners and cells shall be in accordance with obligations under international law and shall take into account international standards and norms, keeping in mind the need to ensure security in the prison. Searches shall be conducted in a manner that is respectful of the inherent human dignity and privacy of the individual being searched, as well as the principles of proportionality, legality and necessity.‘

8 results found

  • Directive (EU) 2017/541 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 March 2017 on combating terrorism and replacing Council Framework Decision 2002/475/JHA and amending Council Decision 2005/671/JHA
    URL:
    (Directive on combating terrorism)

    Preamble: ‘(1) The Union is founded on the universal values of human dignity, freedom, equality and solidarity, and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It is based on the principles of democracy and the rule of law, which are common to the Member States.’ ‘(2) Acts of terrorism constitute one of the most serious violations of the universal values of human dignity, freedom, equality and solidarity, and enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms on which the Union is founded. They also represent one of the most serious attacks on democracy and the rule of law, principles which are common to the Member States and on which the Union is based. [...]’ Article 25 - Protection of victims of terrorism ‘Member States shall ensure that measures are available to protect victims of terrorism and their family members, in accordance with Directive 2012/29/EU. When determining whether and to what extent they should benefit from protection measures in the course of criminal proceedings, particular attention shall be paid to the risk of intimidation and retaliation and to the need to protect the dignity and physical integrity of victims of terrorism, including during questioning and when testifying.’

  • Directive 2012/29/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 establishing minimum standards on the rights, support and protection of victims of crime, and replacing Council Framework Decision 2001/220/JHA
    URL:
    (Directive on Minimum protection standards of victims of crime)

    Preamble: ‘(16) Victims of terrorism have suffered attacks that are intended ultimately to harm society. They may therefore need special attention, support and protection due to the particular nature of the crime that has been committed against them. Victims of terrorism can be under significant public scrutiny and often need social recognition and respectful treatment by society. Member States should therefore take particular account of the needs of victims of terrorism, and should seek to protect their dignity and security.’ ‘(38) [...] A main task of these services and their staff, which play an important role in supporting the victim to recover from and overcome potential harm or trauma as a result of a criminal offence, should be to inform victims about the rights set out in this Directive so that they can take decisions in a supportive environment that treats them with dignity, respect and sensitivity. The types of support that such specialist support services should offer could include providing shelter and safe accommodation, immediate medical support, referral to medical and forensic examination for evidence in cases of rape or sexual assault, short and long-term psychological counselling, trauma care, legal advice, advocacy and specific services for children as direct or indirect victims.’ ‘(52) Measures should be available to protect the safety and dignity of victims and their family members from secondary and repeat victimisation, from intimidation and from retaliation, such as interim injunctions or protection or restraining orders.’ Article 18 - Right to protection ‘Without prejudice to the rights of the defence, Member States shall ensure that measures are available to protect victims and their family members from secondary and repeat victimisation, from intimidation and from retaliation, including against the risk of emotional or psychological harm, and to protect the dignity of victims during questioning and when testifying. When necessary, such measures shall also include procedures established under national law for the physical protection of victims and their family members.’

  • Directive 2013/32/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 June 2013 on common procedures for granting and withdrawing international protection
    URL:
    (Asylum Procedures Directive)

    Preamble: ‘(60) This Directive respects the fundamental rights and observes the principles recognised by the Charter. In particular, this Directive seeks to ensure full respect for human dignity and to promote the application of Articles 1, 4, 18, 19, 21, 23, 24, and 47 of the Charter and has to be implemented accordingly.’ Article 13 - Obligations of the applicants ‘(2) In particular, Member States may provide that: [...] (d) the competent authorities may search the applicant and the items which he or she is carrying. Without prejudice to any search carried out for security reasons, a search of the applicant’s person under this Directive shall be carried out by a person of the same sex with full respect for the principles of human dignity and of physical and psychological integrity; ’ Article 25 - Guarantees for unaccompanied minors ‘(5) [...] Any medical examination shall be performed with full respect for the individual’s dignity, shall be the least invasive examination and shall be carried out by qualified medical professionals allowing, to the extent possible, for a reliable result.’

  • Directive 2013/33/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 June 2013 laying down standards for the reception of applicants for international protection
    URL:
    (Reception Conditions Directive)

    Preamble: ‘(18) Applicants who are in detention should be treated with full respect for human dignity and their reception should be specifically designed to meet their needs in that situation. In particular, Member States should ensure that Article 37 of the 1989 United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child is applied. [...]’ ‘(35) This Directive respects the fundamental rights and observes the principles recognised in particular by the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. In particular, this Directive seeks to ensure full respect for human dignity and to promote the application of Articles 1, 4, 6, 7, 18, 21, 24 and 47 of the Charter and has to be implemented accordingly.’

  • Directive 2013/35/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 June 2013 on the minimum health and safety requirements regarding the exposure of workers to the risks arising from physical agents (electromagnetic fields) (20th individual Direc...
    URL:
    (Directive on the minimum health and safety requirements regarding the exposure of workers to the risks arising from electromagnetic fields)

    Preamble: ‘(2) Article 31(1) of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union provides that every worker has the right to working conditions which respect his or her health, safety and dignity.’

  • Regulation (EU) 2016/399 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 March 2016 on a Union Code on the rules governing the movement of persons across borders
    URL:
    (Schengen Borders Code)

    Preamble: ‘(7) Border checks should be carried out in such a way as to fully respect human dignity. Border control should be carried out in a professional and respectful manner and be proportionate to the objectives pursued.’ Article 7 - Conduct of border checks ‘(1) Border guards shall, in the performance of their duties, fully respect human dignity, in particular in cases involving vulnerable persons.’

  • Regulation (EU) No 536/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 April 2014 on clinical trials on medicinal products for human use, and repealing Directive 2001/20/EC Text with EEA relevance
    URL:
    (Regulation on clinical trials on medicinal products for human use)

    ‘(1) In a clinical trial the rights, safety, dignity and well-being of subjects should be protected and the data generated should be reliable and robust. The interests of the subjects should always take priority over all other interests.’ ‘(27) Human dignity and the right to the integrity of the person are recognised in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (the ‘Charter’). In particular, the Charter requires that any intervention in the field of biology and medicine cannot be performed without free and informed consent of the person concerned. Directive 2001/20/EC contains an extensive set of rules for the protection of subjects. These rules should be upheld. Regarding the rules concerning the determination of the legally designated representatives of incapacitated persons and minors, those rules diverge in Member States. It should therefore be left to Member States to determine the legally designated representatives of incapacitated persons and minors. Incapacitated subjects, minors, pregnant women and breastfeeding women require specific protection measures.’ ‘(83) This Regulation respects the fundamental rights and observes the principles recognised in particular by the Charter and notably human dignity, the integrity of the person, the rights of the child, respect for private and family life, the protection of personal data and the freedom of art and science. This Regulation should be applied by the Member States in accordance with those rights and principles.’ Article 3 - General principle ‘A clinical trial may be conducted only if: (a) the rights, safety, dignity and well-being of subjects are protected and prevail over all other interests; and (b) it is designed to generate reliable and robust data.’

  • Regulation (EU) No 604/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 June 2013 establishing the criteria and mechanisms for determining the Member State responsible for examining an application for international protection lodged in one of t...
    URL:
    (Dublin III Regulation)

    Preamble: ‘(24) In accordance with Commission Regulation (EC) No 1560/2003 (9), transfers to the Member State responsible for examining an application for international protection may be carried out on a voluntary basis, by supervised departure or under escort. Member States should promote voluntary transfers by providing adequate information to the applicant and should ensure that supervised or escorted transfers are undertaken in a humane manner, in full compliance with fundamental rights and respect for human dignity, as well as the best interests of the child and taking utmost account of developments in the relevant case law, in particular as regards transfers on humanitarian grounds.’ Article 29 - Modalities and time limits ‘(1) The transfer of the applicant or of another person as referred to in Article 18(1)(c) or (d) from the requesting Member State to the Member State responsible shall be carried out in accordance with the national law of the requesting Member State, after consultation between the Member States concerned, as soon as practically possible, and at the latest within six months of acceptance of the request by another Member State to take charge or to take back the person concerned or of the final decision on an appeal or review where there is a suspensive effect in accordance with Article 27(3). If transfers to the Member State responsible are carried out by supervised departure or under escort, Member States shall ensure that they are carried out in a humane manner and with full respect for fundamental rights and human dignity. [...]’