Antisemitism - Overview of data available in the European Union 2007–2017

Antisemitism can be expressed in the form of verbal and physical attacks, threats,
harassment, discrimination and unequal treatment, property damage and graffiti or other
forms of speech or text, including on the internet. The present report provides an overview of data on antisemitism as recorded by
international organisations and by official and unofficial sources in the 28 European
Union (EU) Member States, based on their own definitions and categorisations.

‘Official data’ are understood here as those collected by law enforcement agencies, other authorities that are part of criminal justice systems and relevant state ministries at the national level. ‘Unofficial data’ refers to data collected by civil society organisations.

Antisemitic incidents and hate crime violate fundamental rights, including the right to human dignity, the right to equality of treatment and the freedom of thought, conscience and religion.

This annual overview provides an update of the most recent figures on antisemitic incidents, covering the period 1 January 2007–31 December 2017, across the EU Member States, where data are available. In addition, it includes a section that presents evidence from international organisations.

No official data on reported antisemitic incidents in 2017 were available for five Member States by the time this report was compiled in September 2018.

This is the 14th edition of FRA and FRA’s predecessor, the European Monitoring Centre on Racism and Xenophobia, report on the data on manifestations of antisemitism in the EU.