Asylum

Grenzen und Informationssysteme

Highlights

  • Report / Paper / Summary
    18
    June
    2021
    The International Organization for Migration estimates that about 813 people died or went missing crossing the Mediterranean Sea to reach Europe to escape war, persecution or to pursue a better life in 2021, up to 15 June. This is an average of almost five people per day. The EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) collects data on NGO ships involved in search and rescue in the Mediterranean, legal proceedings against them, as well as difficulties in disembarking migrants in safe ports.
  • Periodic updates / Series
    8
    December
    2020
    This report looks at fundamental rights compliance at the European Union (EU)’s
    external land borders, including rivers and lakes. On 30 January 2020, the European Parliament requested the EU Agency for
    Fundamental Rights (FRA) to prepare a report on these borders. It noted that the
    report should focus on the correct application of the safeguards in the European
    asylum acquis and the provisions of the Schengen Borders Code (Regulation
    (EU) 2016/399).
  • Handbook / Guide / Manual
    24
    July
    2020
    This practical guidance addresses border-management staff in European Union (EU) Member States who work at the operational level. It aims to support them in implementing the fundamental rights safeguards of the Schengen Borders Code (Regulation (EU) No. 2016/399) and related EU law instruments in their daily work, when carrying out controls at external land borders.
  • Report / Paper / Summary
    5
    December
    2016
    EU Member States are increasingly involved in border management activities on the high seas, within – or in
    cooperation with – third countries, and at the EU’s borders. Such activities entail risks of violating the principle
    of non-refoulement, the cornerstone of the international legal regime for the protection of refugees, which
    prohibits returning individuals to a risk of persecution. This report aims to encourage fundamental-rights
    compliant approaches to border management, including by highlighting potential grey areas.
Products
9
July
2021
This note sets out human rights standards stemming from both the European Convention on Human Rights and European Union (EU) law that apply to effective remedies for human rights violations at borders, together with those on complaints mechanisms and investigations into complaints of rights violations at borders.
18
June
2021
The International Organization for Migration estimates that about 813 people died or went missing crossing the Mediterranean Sea to reach Europe to escape war, persecution or to pursue a better life in 2021, up to 15 June. This is an average of almost five people per day. The EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) collects data on NGO ships involved in search and rescue in the Mediterranean, legal proceedings against them, as well as difficulties in disembarking migrants in safe ports.
FRA Director Michael O'Flaherty, in his latest vlog, reflects on the migration situation at the EU’s external borders. He highlights the need for sustained joined-up efforts from all relevant bodies, including civil society, to protect the wellbeing and human rights of migrants. He underlines the importance of working with local communities as we receive migrants into our communities. He also points to room for improvement is our treatment of unaccompanied children.
26
March
2021
This note outlines how to help ensure a dignified stay for third-country nationals who are apprehended or intercepted at external borders. Specifically, FRA identifies twelve points for protection-sensitive and fundamental rights-compliant planning and design of initial-reception facilities at such borders. These are based on the agency’s work at external borders, including data collection and research activities.
18
December
2020
In 2020 (until 15 December), the International Organization for Migration estimated that about 1,054 people have died or gone missing while crossing the Mediterranean Sea to reach Europe to escape war or persecution or to pursue a better life. This is an average of almost three people per day. In the past years, a significant number of migrants in distress at sea have been rescued by civil society vessels deployed with a humanitarian mandate to reduce fatalities and bring rescued migrants to safety. Since 2018, however, national authorities initiated some 50 administrative and criminal proceedings against crew members or vessels, also seizing the latter. In some cases, rescue vessels were blocked in harbours due to flag issues or the inability to meet maritime safety-related and other technical requirements.
8
December
2020
This report looks at fundamental rights compliance at the European Union (EU)’s
external land borders, including rivers and lakes. On 30 January 2020, the European Parliament requested the EU Agency for
Fundamental Rights (FRA) to prepare a report on these borders. It noted that the
report should focus on the correct application of the safeguards in the European
asylum acquis and the provisions of the Schengen Borders Code (Regulation
(EU) 2016/399).
24
July
2020
This practical guidance addresses border-management staff in European Union (EU) Member States who work at the operational level. It aims to support them in implementing the fundamental rights safeguards of the Schengen Borders Code (Regulation (EU) No. 2016/399) and related EU law instruments in their daily work, when carrying out controls at external land borders.
19
June
2020
In 2019, the International Organization for Migration estimated that 1,866 people have died or gone missing while crossing the Mediterranean Sea to reach Europe to escape war or persecution or to pursue a better life. This is an average of five people per day. In recent years, a significant proportion of migrants in distress at sea have been rescued by civil society vessels deployed with a humanitarian mandate to reduce fatalities and bring rescued migrants to safety. Since 2018, however, authorities in some EU Member States started viewing civil society-deployed rescue vessels with hostility. As a reaction, national authorities initiated about 40 administrative and criminal proceedings against crew members or vessels, including seizing the latter. In some cases, rescue vessels were blocked in harbours due to flag issues or the inability to meet technical requirements.
27
March
2020
French version now available
24 April 2020
Council of Europe (CoE) and European Union (EU) Member States have an undeniable sovereign right to control the entry of non-nationals into their territory. While exercising border control, states have a duty to protect the fundamental rights of all people under their jurisdiction, regardless of their nationality and/or legal status. Under EU law, this includes providing access to asylum procedures.
16
January
2020
This leaflet
assists officers and authorities to inform asylum applicants and migrants in an understandable and accessible way about the processing of their fingerprints
in Eurodac.
In the latest edition of his video blog, FRA Director Michael O'Flaherty focuses on the migration situation in the Mediterranean Sea and makes three proposals.
19
June
2019
In 2018, some 2,299 people are estimated to have died or gone missing at sea while crossing the sea to reach Europe to escape war or persecution or to pursue a better life. This is on average more than six people per day. Before mid-2017, a significant share of migrants in distress at sea have been rescued by civil society vessels deployed with a humanitarian mandate to reduce fatalities and bring rescued migrants to safety. In 2018, however, authorities in some Member States viewed civil society-deployed rescue vessels with hostility. As a reaction, they seized rescue vessels, arrested crew members, and initiated legal procedures against them (more than a dozen altogether). In some cases, rescue vessels were blocked in harbours due to flag issues.
11
March
2019
In November 2016, FRA formulated 21 individual opinions to address the fundamental
rights shortcomings identified in the implementation of the hotspot approach in Greece
and Italy. Despite genuine efforts to improve the situation since November 2016, many
of the suggestions contained in the 21 opinions FRA formulated at the time remain valid.
1
October
2018
This note draws attention to the recent trend of criminalising search and rescue operations (SAR) in the Mediterranean Sea carried out by non-governmental organisations (NGOs) or other private entities. This includes seizing rescue vessels, as well as arrests for crew members, in some EU Member States. Most of such incidents concerned NGOs operating in the Central Mediterranean Sea.
14
September
2018
This Opinion by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) aims to
inform the European Parliament’s position concerning the legislative proposal for a
Regulation on strengthening the security of identity cards of European Union (EU)
citizens and of residence documents issued to EU citizens and their family members
exercising their right of free movement. It focuses on the processing of biometric data
and complements the opinion published by the European Data Protection
Supervisor (EDPS).
10
September
2018
This Opinion aims to
inform the European Parliament’s position on the legislative proposal amending the
Visa Information System, the Visa Code and other related provisions of EU law. The
European Commission presented the proposal on 16 May 2018 and EU legislators are
currently discussing it.
19
April
2018
This Opinion by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) aims to inform
the European Parliament position concerning legislative proposals on interoperability
between EU information technology systems (IT systems) presented on 12 December 2017
and currently discussed by the EU legislators.
28
March
2018
This report outlines the fundamental rights implications of collecting, storing and using
biometric and other data in EU IT systems in the area of asylum and migration.
11
July
2017
The European Parliament requested this FRA Opinion on the fundamental rights and personal data protection implications of the proposed Regulation for the creation of a European Travel Information and Authorisation System (ETIAS), including an assessment of the fundamental rights aspects of the access
by law enforcement authorities and Europol.
7
July
2017
Various proposals on EU-level information systems in the areas of borders and security mention interoperability, aiming to provide fast and easy access to information about third-country nationals.