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CJEU - C 533/13 / Opinion

Auto- ja Kuljetusalan Työntekijäliitto AKT v Öljytuote v Öljytuote ry, Shell Aviation Finland Oy

Policy area:
Employment and social policy
Deciding Body type:
Court of Justice of the European Union
Deciding Body:
Advocate General
Type:
Opinion
Decision date:
20/11/2014

Key facts of the case:

(Request for a preliminary ruling from the työtuomioistuin (Finland))

(Temporary agency work — Directive 2008/104/EC — Article 4, paragraph 1 — Prohibitions or restrictions on the use of temporary agency work — Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union — Article 28 — Right of collective bargaining and action — Review of the compatibility with EU law of a clause in a collective agreement — Role of the national courts — ‘Horizontal’ dispute)

Conclusion:

... in light of the foregoing considerations, I propose that the Court should answer the questions referred by the työtuomioistuin for a preliminary ruling as follows:

  1. Article 4(1) of Directive 2008/104/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 on temporary agency work must be interpreted as prohibiting the continued application or the introduction of prohibitions or restrictions on the use of temporary agency work that are not justified on grounds of general interest relating, in particular, to the protection of temporary agency workers, the requirements of health and safety at work or the need to ensure that the labour market functions properly and abuses are prevented.
  2. Article 4(1) of Directive 2008/104 does not preclude national rules which, first, restrict the use of temporary agency work to the performance of tasks that are temporary and which, for objective reasons, cannot be carried out by workers employed directly by the user undertaking and, secondly, prohibit the employment of temporary agency workers alongside workers employed directly by the user undertaking to carry out, for a long period of time, tasks identical to those carried out by the user undertaking’s own workers.