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CJEU Case C-610/19 / Order

Vikingo Fővállalkozó Kft. v Nemzeti Adó- és Vámhivatal Fellebbviteli Igazgatósága

Policy area:
Taxation
Deciding Body type:
Court of Justice of the European Union
Deciding Body:
Court (Tenth Chamber)
Type:
Decision
Decision date:
03/09/2020
ECLI:
ECLI:EU:C:2020:673

Key facts of the case:

Reference for a preliminary ruling – Article 99 of the Rules of Procedure of the Court of Justice – Value added tax (VAT) – Directive 2006/112/EC – Articles 168, 178, 220 and 226 – Principles of fiscal neutrality, of effectiveness and of proportionality – Right to deduct VAT – Refusal – Conditions for the existence of a supply of goods – Evasion – Proof – Penalty – Article 47 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union – Right to an effective judicial remedy.

Outcome of the case:

On those grounds, the Court (Tenth Chamber) hereby orders:

Council Directive 2006/112/EC of 28 November 2006 on the common system of value added tax, read in conjunction with the principles of fiscal neutrality, of effectiveness and of proportionality, must be interpreted as precluding a national practice by which the tax authorities refuse a taxable person the right to deduct the value added tax paid on purchases of goods which were supplied to him or her, on the ground that credence cannot be given to the invoices relating to those purchases because, first, the manufacture of those goods and their supply could not, as the necessary material and human resources were lacking, have been effected by the issuer of those invoices and the goods were therefore, in fact, purchased from an unidentified person, secondly, the national accounting rules were not complied with, thirdly, the supply chain which led to those purchases was not economically justified and, fourthly, irregularities vitiated certain earlier transactions forming part of that supply chain. In order to provide a basis for such a refusal, it must be established to the requisite legal standard that the taxable person actively participated in fraud or that that taxable person knew or should have known that those transactions were connected with fraud committed by the issuer of the invoices or any other trader acting upstream in that supply chain, which it is for the referring court to ascertain.