This ability relies on children’s right to be heard and access justice. This issue is also relevant in the framework of the rights established for child victims and the special protective measures accorded to them in the Victims’ Rights Directive. No special rules, however, are provided at international or EU level regarding the minimum age from which a child can formally report or file a complaint regarding abuse or violence. Member States regulate this issue at the national level. Please note that this question focusses only on children formally reporting or complaining.