Article 42.1. The State acknowledges that the primary and natural educator of the child is the Family and guarantees to respect theinalienable right and duty of parents to provide, according to their means, for the religious and moral, intellectual, physical and social education of their children. Article 42.2. Parents shall be free to provide this education in their homes or in private schools or in schools recognized or established by the State. Article 42.3.1. The State shall not oblige parents in violation of their conscience and lawful preference to send their children to schools established by the State, or to any particular type of school designated by the State. Article 42.3.2. The State shall, however, as guardian of the common good, require in view of actual conditions that the children receive a certain minimum education. moral. intellectual and social. Article 42.4. The State shall provide for free primary education and shall endeavor to supplement and give reasonable aid to private and corporate educational initiative, and, when the public good requires it, provide other educational facilities or institutions with due regard, however, for the rights of parents, especially in the matter of religious and moral formation .