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The disability information system (SID) is aimed at monitoring the living conditions of people with disabilities compared to the rest of the population and at highlighting existing inequalities. It started as a project in 2000 following a formal agreement between the Welfare Ministry and ISTAT to apply article 41-bis of Law 162/98, which triggered the need to gather statistical data on disability. In addition, Article 31 of the UN Convention on the Rights of Person with Disabilities (UN CRPD) mandates State parties to collect statistical and research data to enable them to formulate and implement policies to give effect to the Convention.
The SID is designed to serve the needs of two different type of users:
The SID provides information by integrating and coordinating official statistics produced by ISTAT and institutions within the National Statistical System on issues related to disability. It also develops new sources of data which aim to close current information gaps.
On the one hand, it implements new surveys on specific issues such as, social inclusion and living conditions, educational inclusion. On the other, it fills gaps with the help of administrative data, such as data on tax benefits or benefits in kind.
The indicators were selected, developed and calculated by ISTAT. The backbone of the SID is made up of about 300 indicators, which are broken down by disability, gender, age group and geographical areas.
Each indicator is disaggregated at the level of the smallest geographical area possible, depending on the data sources (administrative, census, sample).
Furthermore, each indicator is accorded metadata information (data sources, definition of disability, warning on data use).
The SID includes data collected using different definitions of disability and based on different conceptual models (impairment perspective, functional perspective, ecological perspective).
The different definitions are well documented in the metadata system.
Italian National Institute of Statistics (ISTAT) / Istituto Nazionale di Statistica
Email: solipaca (at) istat (dot) it