To date, three FRA surveys – EU-MIDIS I (2008), Roma survey (2011) and EUMIDIS II (2016) – have collected data on Roma in six EU Member States: Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Greece, Hungary, Romania and Slovakia. In addition to this, Roma in Portugal and Spain were covered in both the 2011 Roma survey and EUMIDIS II.
While all three surveys collected data on issues such as discrimination and rights awareness, results concerning living conditions such as poverty, educational 4 attainment and housing were only collected in the 2011 Roma survey and EUMIDIS II.
In some instances, the wording of questions changed slightly between surveys, which may limit the comparability of results.
EU-MIDIS I, the 2011 Roma survey, and EU-MIDIS II all used a similar methodology, applying a multistage selection of respondents. To optimise the sampling approach, EU-MIDIS II further developed the methodology applied in 2011. Despite similar methodological approaches used in the surveys, there are some limitations, which need to be considered when comparing the results.