Asylum

Menedékjog, migráció és határok

<p>The migrant crisis has triggered challenges across Europe. FRA encourages rights-compliant responses.</p>
<p>We provide practical expertise on this complex issue. This includes regular updates, focus papers and toolkits. We outline policy alternatives and best practices.</p>

Highlights

  • Report / Paper / Summary
    2
    February
    2023
    Many cities throughout the European Union hosted people fleeing Russia’s war of aggression against Ukraine. The EU currently faces the largest displacement of people in Europe since World War II. Since February 2022, over seven million people came to the EU. The arrival of such large numbers of people thrust cities and local governments to the forefront of the EU and its Member States’ relief work. This short publication provides a snapshot of cities’ initiatives to address this humanitarian crisis.
  • Periodic updates / Series
    21
    October
    2022
    The Russian invasion of Ukraine triggered solidarity from EU governments, local authorities and society as they welcomed more than 7 million people fleeing the aggression. The European Union’s rapid response, activating the EU Temporary Protection Directive, offered welcome relief and much-needed support to those in need. It allowed displaced persons the opportunity to quickly settle and to work, travel and access services across the EU. But other pressing human rights issues have come to the fore and remain high on the EU’s agenda, such as human trafficking, sexual and gender-based violence, hate crime and hate-fuelled disinformation.
  • Report / Paper / Summary
    20
    June
    2022
    The EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) regularly collects data on the operations of NGO vessels involved in search and rescue in the Mediterranean. This includes any legal proceedings against them, as well as on any difficulties in disembarking migrants in safe ports. The International Organization for Migration estimates that from January to 15 June 2022 about 842 people died or went missing while crossing the Mediterranean Sea to reach Europe to escape war or persecution, or to pursue a better life. This is an average of five people per day.
  • Handbook / Guide / Manual
    17
    December
    2020
    Az emberi jogok európai egyezménye és az európai uniós jog egyre fontosabb keretet biztosít a külföldiek jogainak védelméhez. A menekültügyre, a határokra és a bevándorlásra vonatkozó európai uniós joganyag gyorsan fejlődik. Az Emberi Jogok Európai Bíróságának tekintélyes esetjogi korpusza alakult ki, különösen az EJEE 3., 5., 8. és 13. cikkével kapcsolatban. Az Európai Unió Bíróságát egyre gyakrabban kérik fel, hogy nyilatkozzon az Európai Unió e területre vonatkozó jogi rendelkezéseinek értelmezéséről. E kézikönyv 2020 júliusáig aktualizált harmadik kiadása hozzáférhető módon mutatja be ezeket az európai uniós jogszabályokat, valamint a két európai bíróság ítélkezési gyakorlatát. A kézikönyv az EU és az Európa Tanács tagállamaiban dolgozó gyakorló jogi szakembereknek, bíráknak, ügyészeknek, bevándorlási tisztviselőknek és nem kormányzati szervezeteknek szól.
Termékek
Fundamental Rights Report 2019: Although migrant arrivals to the EU continue to drop, it remains a divisive issue politically and
across society. Nearly 4 in 10 Europeans think immigration is more of a problem than a solution.
And nearly a half overestimate the number of irregular migrants in their country.
19
June
2019
In 2018, some 2,299 people are estimated to have died or gone missing at sea while crossing the sea to reach Europe to escape war or persecution or to pursue a better life. This is on average more than six people per day. Before mid-2017, a significant share of migrants in distress at sea have been rescued by civil society vessels deployed with a humanitarian mandate to reduce fatalities and bring rescued migrants to safety. In 2018, however, authorities in some Member States viewed civil society-deployed rescue vessels with hostility. As a reaction, they seized rescue vessels, arrested crew members, and initiated legal procedures against them (more than a dozen altogether). In some cases, rescue vessels were blocked in harbours due to flag issues.
13
June
2019
New language versions: BG, DE, EL, FR, RO
02 July 2020
A Szülői felügyelet nélkül maradt gyermekek a sajátjuktól eltérő uniós tagállamban című kézikönyv
célja, hogy megerősítse a gyermekvédelem valamennyi szereplőjének reakcióját. E lányok és fiúk
védelme elengedhetetlen, és az uniós tagállamok kötelezettsége, amely a nemzetközi és európai
jogi keretből származik. Az útmutató az emberkereskedelem gyermek áldozataira, valamint
a veszélynek kitett gyermekekre összpontosít, és végrehajtja Az uniós fellépés fokozása az
emberkereskedelem elleni küzdelem terén c. 2017. évi közleményt, továbbá figyelembe veszi az
azonosított mintákat, beleértve a bűncselekmény nemspecifikus jellegével kapcsolatosakat.
6
June
2019
How much progress can we expect in a decade? Various rights-related instruments had been in place for 10 years in 2018, prompting both sobering and encouraging reflection on this question.
6
June
2019
A 2018-as év előrelépést és visszaeséseket is hozott az alapjogok védelme terén. Az FRA 2019. évi alapjogi jelentése áttekinti a terület legfontosabb fejleményeit, és felhívja a figyelmet az eredményekre, illetve az aggályos kérdésekre . Ez a kiadvány ismerteti az FRA véleményét az érintett tematikus területeken bekövetkezett legfontosabb fejleményekről, és összefoglalja a véleményt alátámasztó tényeket.
Periodic updates / Series
16
May
2019
The EU Agency for Fundamental Rights has been regularly collecting data on migration since
September 2015. This report focuses on the fundamental rights situation of people arriving in
Member States and EU candidate countries particularly affected by migration movements.
It addresses fundamental rights concerns between 1 January and 31 March 2019.
27
March
2019
This report looks into the fundamental rights situation of asylum applicants and beneficiaries of international protection in the EU throughout 2018. It pulls together the main issues identified in FRA’s regular updates on fundamental rights related to asylum, migration and borders in selected EU Member States, which the agency has been publishing since September 2015.
11
March
2019
In November 2016, FRA formulated 21 individual opinions to address the fundamental rights shortcomings identified in the implementation of the hotspot approach in Greece and Italy. Despite genuine efforts to improve the situation since November 2016, many of the suggestions contained in the 21 opinions FRA formulated at the time remain valid.
Periodic updates / Series
18
February
2019
The EU Agency for Fundamental Rights has been regularly collecting data on migration since
September 2015. This report focuses on the fundamental rights situation of people arriving in
Member States and EU candidate countries particularly affected by large migration movements.
17
January
2019
This Opinion by FRA aims to inform the European Parliament’s position on the legislative proposal for a recast Directive on common standards and procedures in Member States for returning illegally staying third country nationals (Return Directive), presented by the European Commission on 12 September 2018.
6
December
2018
This Opinion by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) aims to inform
the European Parliament’s position on the legislative proposal on the European Border and
Coast Guard (EBCG) presented by the European Commission on 12 September 2018.
5
December
2018
Last versions available are EL and NL
11 March 2021
Az útmutató ismerteti, mi a profilalkotás, milyen jogi keretek szabályozzák, és miért tekinthető úgy, hogy a profilalkotás jogszerű elvégzése az alapvető jogoknak való megfeleléshez is szükséges, és az eredményes rendészeti fellépés és határigazgatás szempontjából is kulcsfontosságú. Az útmutató emellett gyakorlati iránymutatást kínál azzal kapcsolatban, hogy miként kerülhető el a jogellenes profilalkotás a rendőrségi és a határigazgatási műveletek során.
Black people in the EU face unacceptable difficulties in getting a decent job because of their skin colour. Racist harassment also remains all too common.
Periodic updates / Series
26
November
2018
The EU Agency for Fundamental Rights has been collecting relevant data since September 2015, in light of the increasing numbers of refugees, asylum seekers and migrants entering the EU. This report focuses on the fundamental rights situation of people arriving in Member States particularly affected by large migration movements. The countries covered are: Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain and Sweden.
26
October
2018
The EU Agency for Fundamental Rights’ 2018 Fundamental Rights Forum
brought together more than 700 human rights champions at a time of
widening social divisions and increasingly polarised politics across
Europe.
1
October
2018
This note draws attention to the recent trend of criminalising search and rescue operations (SAR) in the Mediterranean Sea carried out by non-governmental organisations (NGOs) or other private entities. This includes seizing rescue vessels, as well as arrests for crew members, in some EU Member States. Most of such incidents concerned NGOs operating in the Central Mediterranean Sea.
Periodic updates / Series
21
September
2018
The EU Agency for Fundamental Rights has been collecting relevant data since September 2015, in light of the increasing numbers of refugees, asylum seekers and migrants entering the EU. This report focuses on the fundamental rights situation of people arriving in Member States particularly affected by large migration movements. The countries covered are: Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain and Sweden.
14
September
2018
This Opinion by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) aims to inform the European Parliament’s position concerning the legislative proposal for a Regulation on strengthening the security of identity cards of European Union (EU) citizens and of residence documents issued to EU citizens and their family members exercising their right of free movement. It focuses on the processing of biometric data and complements the opinion published by the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS).
10
September
2018
This Opinion aims to
inform the European Parliament’s position on the legislative proposal amending the
Visa Information System, the Visa Code and other related provisions of EU law. The
European Commission presented the proposal on 16 May 2018 and EU legislators are
currently discussing it.