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Článok 5 - Zákaz otroctva a nútených prác

1. Nikoho nemožno držať v otroctve alebo nevoľníctve.

2. Od nikoho nemožno vyžadovať, aby vykonával nútené alebo povinné práce.

3. Obchodovanie s ľudskými bytosťami je zakázané.

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55 results found

  • Constitution of Malta
    URL:
    Constitution of Malta
    Country:
    Malta

    Article 35(1) No person shall be required to perform forced labour.(2) For the purposes of this section, the expression "forced labour" does not include(a) any labour required in consequence of the sentence or order of a court;(b) labour required of any person while he is lawfully detained by sentence or order of a court that, though not required in consequence of such sentence or order, is reasonably necessary in the interests of hygiene or for the maintenance of the place at which he is detained or, if he is detained for the purpose of his care, treatment, education or welfare, is reasonably required for that purpose;(c) any labour required of a member of a disciplined force in pursuance of his duties as such or, in the case of a person who has conscientious objections to service as a member of a naval, military or air force, any labour that that person is required by law to perform in place of such service;(d) any labour required during a period of public emergency or in the event of any other emergency or calamity that threatens the life or well-being of the community. 

  • Constitution of Malta
    URL:
    Kostituzzjoni ta' Malta
    Country:
    Malta

    35. (1) Ħadd ma għandu jkun meħtieġ jagħmel xogħol furzat. (2) Għall-finijiet ta’ dan l-artikolu, il-frażi "xogħol furzat" ma tinkludix - (a) xi xogħol meħtieġ b’konsegwenza tas-sentenza jew ordni ta’ qorti; (b) xogħol meħtieġ mingħand xi ħadd waqt li jkun legalment detenut b’sentenza jew ordni ta’ qorti li, għalkemm ma jkunx meħtieġ b’konsegwenza ta’ dik is- sentenza jew ordni, ikun meħtieġ raġonevolment flinteressi tal-iġjene jew għat-tiżmim tal-post li fih ikun detenut jew, jekk ikun detenut għall-iskop tal-kura, trattament, edukazzjoni jew ġid tiegħu, ikun raġonevolment meħtieġ għal dak l-iskop; (ċ) xi xogħol meħtieġ mingħand membru ta’ korp dixxiplinat minħabba d-dmirijiet tiegħu bħala tali jew, fil-każ ta’ persuna li jkollha oġġezzjonijiet ta’ kuxjenza għal servizz bħala membru ta’ forza navali, militari jew tal-ajru, xi xogħol li dik il-persuna hija meħtieġa b’liġi li taqdi minflok dak is-servizz; (d) xi xogħol meħtieġ matul perijodu ta’ emerġenza pubblika jew fil-każ ta’ xi emerġenza oħra jew kalamità li thedded il-ħajja jew il-ġid tal-komunità.

  • Criminal Code, Cap. 9 of the Laws of Malta
    URL:
    The Criminal Code
    Country:
    Malta

    54C.(1) A crime against humanity is committed where any of the following acts is committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against any civilian population, with knowledge of the attack:(a) murder; (b) extermination; (c) enslavement; (d) deportation or forcible transfer of population; (e) imprisonment or other severe deprivation of physical liberty in violation of fundamental rules of international law; (f) torture; (g) rape, sexual slavery, enforced prostitution, forced pregnancy, enforced sterilization, or any other form of sexual violence of comparable gravity; (2) For the purpose of subarticle (1) - (a) ''attack directed against any civilian population'' means a course of conduct involving the multiple commission of acts referred to in subarticle (1) against any civilian population, pursuant to or in furtherance of a State or organizational policy to commit such attack; (b) ''extermination'' includes the intentional infliction of conditions of life, inter alia the deprivation of access to food and medicine, calculated to bring about the destruction of part of a population; (c) ''enslavement'' means the exercise of any or all of the powers attaching to the right of ownership over a person and includes the exercise of such power in the course of trafficking in persons, in particular women and children; (d) ''deportation or forcible transfer of population'' means forced displacement of the persons concerned by expulsion or other coercive acts from the area in which they are lawfully present, without grounds permitted under international law; (e) ''torture'' means the intentional infliction of severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, upon a person in the custody or under the control of the accused; except that torture shall not include pain or suffering arising only from, inherent in or incidental to, lawful sanctions; (f) ''forced pregnancy'' means the unlawful confinement of a woman forcibly made pregnant, with the intent of affecting the ethnic composition of any population or carrying out other grave violations of international law. This definition shall not in any way be interpreted as affecting national laws relating to pregnancy; (g) ''persecution'' means the intentional and severe deprivation of fundamental rights contrary to international law by reason of the identity of the group or collectivity; (h) ''the crime of apartheid'' means inhumane acts of a character similar to those referred to in subarticle (1), committed in the context of an institutionalized regime of systematic oppression and domination by one racial group over any other racial group or groups and committed with the intention of maintaining that regime; (i) ''enforced disappearance of persons'' means the arrest, detention or abduction of persons by, or with the authorization, support or acquiescence of, a State or a political organization, followed by a refusal to acknowledge that deprivation of freedom or to give information on the fate or whereabouts of those persons, with the intention of removing them from the protection of the law for a prolonged period of time.

  • Criminal Code, Cap. 9 of the Laws of Malta
    URL:
    Criminal Code
    Country:
    Malta

    54Ċ. (1) Isir delitt kontra l-umanità meta jitwettaq xi att minn dawn li ġejjin bħala parti minn attakk, mifrux jew sistematiku, dirett kontra xi popolazzjoni ċivili, b’għarfien tal-attakk: (a) omiċidju; (b) esterminazzjoni; (ċ) tjassir; (d) deportazzjoni jew trasferiment ta’ popolazzjoni bilforza; (e) priġunerija jew deprivazzjoni oħra ħarxa tal-libertà fiżika bi ksur tar-regoli fondamentali tal-liġi internazzjonali; (f) tortura; (g) stupru, jasar skont is-sess, prostituzzjoni kostretta, tqala kostretta, sterilizzazzjoni kostretta, jew kull forma oħra ta’ vjolenza sesswali li tkun daqstant gravi; (h) persekuzzjoni kontra xi grupp identifikabbli jew kollettività għal raġunijiet politiċi, razzjali, nazzjonali, etniċi, kulturali, reliġjużi, ta’ ġeneru sesswali kif imfisser fis-subartikolu (3), jew għal raġunijiet oħra li huma universalment rikonoxxuti bħala mhux permissibbli taħt il-liġi internazzjonali, f’konnessjoni ma’ xi att imsemmi f’dan is-subartikolu jew xi delitt taħt l-artikolu 54A; (i) għajbien mġiegħel ta’ persuni; (j) id-delitt ta’ apartheid; (k) atti oħra kontra l-bniedem ta’ xorta simili li xjentement jikkaġunaw tbatija kbira, jew ħsara gravi fil-ġisem jew fil-moħħ jew fis-saħħa fiżika. (2) Għall-finijiet tas-subartikolu (1) – (a) "attakk dirett kontra xi popolazzjoni ċivili" tfisser dik ix-xorta ta’ mġieba li tinvolvi l-għemil għal bosta drabi tal-atti msemmija fis-subartikolu (1) kontra popolazzjoni ċivili, konformement jew bi tkomplija ta’ xi politka Statali jew organizzazzjonali li jitwettaq dak l-attakk; (b) "esterminazzjoni" tinkludi l-impożizzjoni bil-ħsieb ta’ kondizzjonijiet ta’ ħajja, fost l-oħrajn il-privazzjoni ta’ aċċess għall-ikel u mediċina, meqjusa biex iġibu lqirda ta’ xi parti mill-popolazzjoni; (ċ) "tjassir" tfisser it-twettiq ta’ xi poter jew tal-poteri kollha relattivi għall-jedd ta’ proprjetà fuq persuna u tinkludi t-twettiq ta’ dik is-setgħa fil-kors tat-traffikar fil-persuni, b’mod partikolari tan-nisa u t-tfal; (d) "deportazzjoni jew trasferiment ta’ popolazzjoni bilforza" tfisser ċ-ċaqlieq tal-persuni milquta b’atti ta’ espulsjoni jew atti oħra ta’ ġegħil mill-area fejn dawn ikunu preżenti skont il-liġi, bla ebda raġuni li tkun permessa taħt il-liġi internazzjonali; (e) "tortura" tfisser l-impożizzjoni bil-ħsieb ta’ uġigħ jew tbatija ħorox, kemm fiżiċi kemm mentali, fuq persuna fil-kustodja jew taħt il-kontroll tal-akkużat; ħlief li ttortura ma għandhiex tinkludi uġigħ jew tbatija li jitnisslu biss minn, huma inerenti fi jew inċidentali għal, sanzjonijiet leġittimi; (f) "tqala kostretta" tfisser id-detenzjoni mġiegħla kontra l-liġi ta’ mara li tkun saret tqila bil-forza, bil-ħsieb li tintlaqat il-kompożizzjoni etnika ta’ xi popolazzjoni jew li jitwettqu vjolazzjonijiet oħra serji tal-liġi internazzjonali. Din it-tifsira ma għandha b’ebda mod tkun imfissra bħala li tolqot il-liġijiet nazzjonali konnessi mat-tqala; (g) "persekuzzjoni" tfisser id-deprivazzjoni maħsuba u ħarxa tad-drittijiet fondamentali kuntrarju għal-liġi internazzjonali minħabba fl-identità tal-grupp jew kollettività;

  • Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania
    URL:
    Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania
    Country:
    Lithuania

    Article 48. (...) Forced labour shall be prohibited. Military service or alternative service performed instead of military service, as well as work performed by citizens in time of war, natural disaster, epidemics, or other extreme cases, shall not be considered forced labour. In cases where persons convicted by a court perform work regulated by law, such work shall not be considered forced labour, either.

  • Lietuvos Respublikos Konstitucija
    URL:
    Lietuvos Respublikos Konstitucija
    Country:
    Lithuania

    48 straipsnis. (...) Priverčiamasis darbas draudžiamas. Priverčiamuoju darbu nelaikoma tarnyba kariuomenėje ar ją pakeičianti alternatyvioji tarnyba, taip pat piliečių darbas karo, stichinės nelaimės, epidemijos ar kitais ypatingais atvejais. Priverčiamuoju darbu nelaikomas ir įstatymo reguliuojamas teismo nuteistųjų darbas.

  • Constitution of the Republic of Latvia
    URL:
    Constitution of the Republic of Latvia
    Country:
    Latvia

    106. (…) Forced labour is prohibited. Participation in the relief of disasters and their effects, and work pursuant to a court order shall not be deemed forced labour.

  • Latvijas Republikas Satversme
    URL:
    Latvijas Republikas Satversme
    Country:
    Latvia

    106. (…) Piespiedu darbs ir aizliegts. Par piespiedu darbu netiek uzskatīta iesaistīšana katastrofu un to seku likvidēšanā un nodarbināšana saskaņā ar tiesas nolēmumu.

  • Country:
    Italy
  • Child Trafficking and Pornography Act, 1998
    URL:
    Child Trafficking and Pornography Act, 1998
    Country:
    Ireland
  • Constitution of Ireland
    URL:
    Constitution of Ireland
    Country:
    Ireland

    Article 45 [Social Policy] ... (4.2) The State shall endeavor to ensure that the strength and health of workers, men and women, and the tender age of children shall not be abused and that citizens shall not be forced by economic necessity to enter avocations unsuited to their sex, age or strength.

  • Criminal Law (Human Trafficking) Act 2008
    URL:
    Criminal Law (Human Trafficking) Act 2008
    Country:
    Ireland
  • Magyarország Alaptörvénye
    URL:
    Magyarország Alaptörvénye
    Country:
    Hungary

    III. cikk (SZABADSÁG ÉS FELELŐSSÉG) (1) Senkit nem lehet kínzásnak, embertelen, megalázó bánásmódnak vagy büntetésnek alávetni, valamint szolgaságban tartani. Tilos az emberkereskedelem. […]

  • The Fundamental Law of Hungary
    URL:
    The Fundamental Law of Hungary
    Country:
    Hungary

    Article III (Freedom and Responsibility) (1) No one shall be subject to torture, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, or held in servitude. Trafficking in human beings shall be prohibited. […]

  • Constitution of the Hellenic Republic
    URL:
    Constitution of the Hellenic Republic
    Country:
    Greece

    Article 22(4) Any form of compulsory work is prohibited. Special laws shall determine the requisition of personal services in case of war or mobilization or to face defence needs of the country or urgent social emergencies resulting from disasters or liable to endanger public health, as well as the contribution of personal work to local government agencies to satisfy local needs. (...)

  • Το Σύνταγμα της Ελλάδας
    URL:
    Το Σύνταγμα της Ελλάδας
    Country:
    Greece

    Άρθρο 22(4). Oπoιαδήπoτε μoρφή αναγκαστικής εργασίας απαγoρεύεται. Eιδικoί νόμoι ρυθμίζoυν τα σχετικά με την επίταξη πρoσωπικών υπηρεσιών σε περίπτωση πoλέμoυ ή επιστράτευσης ή για την αντιμετώπιση αναγκών της άμυνας της Xώρας ή επείγoυσας κoινωνικής ανάγκης από θεoμηνία ή ανάγκης πoυ μπoρεί να θέσει σε κίνδυνo τη δημόσια υγεία, καθώς και τα σχετικά με την πρoσφoρά πρoσωπικής εργασίας στoυς oργανισμoύς τoπικής αυτoδιoίκησης για την ικανoπoίηση τoπικών αναγκών [...]

  • Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany
    URL:
    Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany
    Country:
    Germany

    Article 12 (1) All Germans shall have the right freely to choose their occupation or profession, their place of work and their place of training. The practice of an occupation or profession may be regulated by or pursuant to a law. (2) No person may be required to perform work of a particular kind except within the framework of a traditional duty of community service that applies generally and equally to all. (3) Forced labour may be imposed only on persons deprived of their liberty by the judgment of a court. Article 12 a(1) Men who have attained the age of eighteen may be required to serve in the Armed Forces, in the Federal Border Police, or in a civil defence organisation. (2) Any person who, on grounds of conscience, refuses to render military service involving the use of arms may be required to perform alternative service. The duration of alternative service shall not exceed that of military service. Details shall be regulated by a law, which shall not interfere with the freedom to make a decision in accordance with the dictates of conscience, and which shall also provide for the possibility of alternative service not connected with units of the Armed Forces or of the Federal Border Police. (...) 

  • Criminal Code
    URL:
    Criminal Code
    Country:
    Germany

    Section 232 Trafficking in Human Beings for the Purpose of Sexual Exploitation(1) Whoever exploits another person through a coercive situation or the helplessness that is associated with their stay in a foreign country to induce them to take up or continue in prostitution, to commit sexual acts on or in front of the perpetrator or a third party through which they are exploited, or to allow them to be committed on the person by the perpetrator or a third party, shall be punished with imprisonment from six months to ten years. Whoever induces a person under twenty-one years of age to take up or continue in prostitution or any of the other sexual acts designated in sentence 1 shall be similarly punished.(2) An attempt is punishable.(3) Imprisonment from one to ten years shall be imposed, if:1. the victim of the offence is a child (Section 176 subsection (1)); 2. the perpetrator seriously physically maltreats the victim through the act or places the victim in danger of death through the act; or 3. the perpetrator committed the offence on a commercial basis or as a member of a gang that has combined for the continued commission of such acts. (4) Punishment for the acts named in subsection (3) will also be imposed on whoever: 1. induces another person with force, threat of appreciable harm, or trickery to take up or continue prostitution or any of the other sexual acts designated in subsection (1) sentence 1, or 2. seizes another person by force, threat of appreciable harm, or trickery to induce them to take up or continue prostitution or any of the other sexual acts designated in subsection (1) sentence 1. (5) In less serious cases under subsection (1) imprisonment from three months to five years shall be imposed; in less serious cases under subsections (3) and (4) imprisonment from six months to five years shall be imposed. (...) Section 233: Trafficking in Human Beings for the Purpose of the Exploitation of Workers(1) Whoever exploits another person through a coercive situation or the helplessness that is associated with their stay in a foreign country to induce them into slavery, serfdom, or debt bondage, or to take up or continue work with him or a third party under working conditions that are strikingly disproportionate to the working conditions of other workers who perform the same or a comparable activity, shall be punished with imprisonment from six months to ten years. Whoever induces a person under twenty-one years of age into slavery, serfdom, or debt bondage, or to take up or continue work as designated in sentence 1 shall be similarly punished. (2) An attempt is punishable. (3) Section 232 subsections (3) through (5) shall apply mutatis mutandis.Section 233a: Promotion of Trafficking in Human Beings (1) Whoever abets trafficking in human beings according to Section 232 or Section 233 by recruiting, promoting, passing on, harbouring, or picking up another person shall be punished with imprisonment from three months to five years. (2) Imprisonment from six months to ten years shall be imposed, if: 1. the victim of the offence is a child (Section 176 subsection (1)); 2. the perpetrator seriously physically maltreats the victim through the act or places the victim in danger of death through the act; or 3. the perpetrator committed the offence with force, the threat of appreciable harm, on a commercial basis, or as a member of a gang that has combined for the continued commission of such acts.

  • Grundgesetz für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland
    URL:
    Grundgesetz für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland
    Country:
    Germany

    Artikel 12 (1) Alle Deutschen haben das Recht, Beruf, Arbeitsplatz und Ausbildungsstätte frei zu wählen. Die Berufsausübung kann durch Gesetz oder auf Grund eines Gesetzes geregelt werden. (2) Niemand darf zu einer bestimmten Arbeit gezwungen werden, außer im Rahmen einer herkömmlichen allgemeinen, für alle gleichen öffentlichen Dienstleistungspflicht. (3) Zwangsarbeit ist nur bei einer gerichtlich angeordneten Freiheitsentziehung zulässig. Artikel 12a (1) Männer können vom vollendeten achtzehnten Lebensjahr an zum Dienst in den Streitkräften, im Bundesgrenzschutz oder in einem Zivilschutzverband verpflichtet werden. (2) Wer aus Gewissensgründen den Kriegsdienst mit der Waffe verweigert, kann zu einem Ersatzdienst verpflichtet werden. Die Dauer des Ersatzdienstes darf die Dauer des Wehrdienstes nicht übersteigen. Das Nähere regelt ein Gesetz, das die Freiheit der Gewissensentscheidung nicht beeinträchtigen darf und auch eine Möglichkeit des Ersatzdienstes vorsehen muß, die in keinem Zusammenhang mit den Verbänden der Streitkräfte und des Bundesgrenzschutzes steht. (...) 

  • Strafgesetzbuch
    URL:
    Strafgesetzbuch
    Country:
    Germany

    § 232 Menschenhandel zum Zweck der sexuellen Ausbeutung(1) Wer eine andere Person unter Ausnutzung einer Zwangslage oder der Hilflosigkeit, die mit ihrem Aufenthalt in einem fremden Land verbunden ist, zur Aufnahme oder Fortsetzung der Prostitution oder dazu bringt, sexuelle Handlungen, durch die sie ausgebeutet wird, an oder vor dem Täter oder einem Dritten vorzunehmen oder von dem Täter oder einem Dritten an sich vornehmen zu lassen, wird mit Freiheitsstrafe von sechs Monaten bis zu zehn Jahren bestraft. Ebenso wird bestraft, wer eine Person unter einundzwanzig Jahren zur Aufnahme oder Fortsetzung der Prostitution oder zu den sonst in Satz 1 bezeichneten sexuellen Handlungen bringt.(2) Der Versuch ist strafbar. (3) Auf Freiheitsstrafe von einem Jahr bis zu zehn Jahren ist zu erkennen, wenn 1.das Opfer der Tat ein Kind (§ 176 Abs. 1) ist, 2.der Täter das Opfer bei der Tat körperlich schwer misshandelt oder durch die Tat in die Gefahr des Todes bringt oder 3.der Täter die Tat gewerbsmäßig oder als Mitglied einer Bande, die sich zur fortgesetzten Begehung solcher Taten verbunden hat, begeht. (4) Nach Absatz 3 wird auch bestraft, wer 1.eine andere Person mit Gewalt, durch Drohung mit einem empfindlichen Übel oder durch List zur Aufnahme oder Fortsetzung der Prostitution oder zu den sonst in Absatz 1 Satz 1 bezeichneten sexuellen Handlungen bringt oder 2.sich einer anderen Person mit Gewalt, durch Drohung mit einem empfindlichen Übel oder durch List bemächtigt, um sie zur Aufnahme oder Fortsetzung der Prostitution oder zu den sonst in Absatz 1 Satz 1 bezeichneten sexuellen Handlungen zu bringen. (5) In minder schweren Fällen des Absatzes 1 ist auf Freiheitsstrafe von drei Monaten bis zu fünf Jahren, in minder schweren Fällen der Absätze 3 und 4 ist auf Freiheitsstrafe von sechs Monaten bis zu fünf Jahren zu erkennen. § 233 Menschenhandel zum Zweck der Ausbeutung der Arbeitskraft(1) Wer eine andere Person unter Ausnutzung einer Zwangslage oder der Hilflosigkeit, die mit ihrem Aufenthalt in einem fremden Land verbunden ist, in Sklaverei, Leibeigenschaft oder Schuldknechtschaft oder zur Aufnahme oder Fortsetzung einer Beschäftigung bei ihm oder einem Dritten zu Arbeitsbedingungen, die in einem auffälligen Missverhältnis zu den Arbeitsbedingungen anderer Arbeitnehmerinnen oder Arbeitnehmer stehen, welche die gleiche oder eine vergleichbare Tätigkeit ausüben, bringt, wird mit Freiheitsstrafe von sechs Monaten bis zu zehn Jahren bestraft. Ebenso wird bestraft, wer eine Person unter einundzwanzig Jahren in Sklaverei, Leibeigenschaft oder Schuldknechtschaft oder zur Aufnahme oder Fortsetzung einer in Satz 1 bezeichneten Beschäftigung bringt. (2) Der Versuch ist strafbar. (3) § 232 Abs. 3 bis 5 gilt entsprechend.§ 233a Förderung des Menschenhandels(1) Wer einem Menschenhandel nach § 232 oder § 233 Vorschub leistet, indem er eine andere Person anwirbt, befördert, weitergibt, beherbergt oder aufnimmt, wird mit Freiheitsstrafe von drei Monaten bis zu fünf Jahren bestraft. (2) Auf Freiheitsstrafe von sechs Monaten bis zu zehn Jahren ist zu erkennen, wenn 1.das Opfer der Tat ein Kind (§ 176 Abs. 1) ist, 2.der Täter das Opfer bei der Tat körperlich schwer misshandelt oder durch die Tat in die Gefahr des Todes bringt oder 3.der Täter die Tat mit Gewalt oder durch Drohung mit einem empfindlichen Übel oder gewerbsmäßig oder als Mitglied einer Bande, die sich zur fortgesetzten Begehung solcher Taten verbunden hat, begeht. (3) Der Versuch ist strafbar.

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