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CJEU Joined Cases C-391/16, C-77/17 and C-78/17 / Judgment

M v Ministerstvo vnitra (C-391/16) and X (C-77/17), X (C-78/17) v Commissaire général aux réfugiés et aux apatrides

Policy area:
Justice, freedom and security
Deciding Body type:
Court of Justice of the European Union
Deciding Body:
Grand Chamber
Decision date:
14/05/2019

Key facts

  1. These requests for a preliminary ruling concern the interpretation and validity of Article 14(4) to (6) of Directive 2011/95/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 December 2011 on standards for the qualification of third-country nationals or stateless persons as beneficiaries of international protection, for a uniform status for refugees or for persons eligible for subsidiary protection, and for the content of the protection granted (OJ 2011 L 337, p. 9), which entered into force on 9 January 2012, in the light of Article 78(1) TFEU, Article 6(3) TEU and Article 18 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (‘the Charter’).
  2. The requests have been made in three sets of proceedings between, in the first case (Case C‑391/16), M and the Ministerstvo vnitra (Ministry of the Interior, Czech Republic) concerning the decision revoking his right to asylum, in the second case (Case C‑77/17), X and the Commissaire général aux réfugiés et aux apatrides (Commissioner General for Refugees and Stateless Persons, Belgium) (‘the Commissaire général’) concerning the decision refusing to recognise him as having refugee status and to grant him subsidiary protection, and, in the third case (Case C‑78/17), X and the Commissaire général concerning the decision withdrawing his refugee status.

Judgement

On those grounds, the Court (Grand Chamber) hereby rules:

Consideration of Article 14(4) to (6) of Directive 2011/95/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 December 2011 on standards for the qualification of third-country nationals or stateless persons as beneficiaries of international protection, for a uniform status for refugees or for persons eligible for subsidiary protection, and for the content of the protection granted, has disclosed no factor of such a kind as to affect the validity of those provisions in the light of Article 78(1) TFEU and Article 18 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union.