eu-charter

EU Charter of Fundamental Rights

Article 8 - Protection of personal data

Article 8 - Protection of personal data

1. Everyone has the right to the protection of personal data concerning him or her.
2. Such data must be processed fairly for specified purposes and on the basis of the consent of the person concerned or some other legitimate basis laid down by law. Everyone has the right of access to data which has been collected concerning him or her, and the right to have it rectified.
3. Compliance with these rules shall be subject to control by an independent authority.

  • Text:

    This Article has been based on Article 286 of the Treaty establishing the European Community and Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data (OJ L 281, 23.11.1995, p. 31) as well as on Article 8 of the ECHR and on the Council of Europe Convention of 28 January 1981 for the Protection of Individuals with regard to Automatic Processing of Personal Data, which has been ratified by all the Member States. Article 286 of the EC Treaty is now replaced by Article 16 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union and Article 39 of the Treaty on European Union. Reference is also made to Regulation (EC) No 45/2001 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data by the Community institutions and bodies and on the free movement of such data (OJ L 8, 12.1.2001, p. 1). The above-mentioned Directive and Regulation contain conditions and limitations for the exercise of the right to the protection of personal data.

    Source:
    Official Journal of the European Union C 303/17 - 14.12.2007
    Preamble - Explanations relating to the Charter of Fundamental Rights:
    These explanations were originally prepared under the authority of the Praesidium of the Convention which drafted the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. Although they do not as such have the status of law, they are a valuable tool of interpretation intended to clarify the provisions of the Charter.
  • CJ v Court of Justice of the European Union
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Court (Seventh Chamber)
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    Information society
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2020:474
  • Mr T/France
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    Court of Cassation
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:FR:CCASS:2020:CR00434
  • European Commission v Hungary
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Advocate General
    Type:
    Opinion
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2020:1
  • Data Protection Commissioner v Facebook Ireland Limited and Maximillian Schrems
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Advocate General
    Type:
    Opinion
    Policy area:
    Information society
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2019:1145
  • Anonymous plaintiff v. Federal Court of Justice (Bundesgerichtshof)
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    Federal Constitutional Court
    Type:
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:DE:BVerfG:2019:rs20191106.1bvr001613
  • Anonymous plaintiff v. Higher Regional Court Celle (Oberlandesgericht Celle)
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    Federal Constitutional Court
    Type:
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:DE:BVerfG:2019:rs20191106.1bvr027617
  • Staatssecretaris van Justitie en Veiligheid v A, B, P
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Court (First Chamber)
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    External relations
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2019:361
  • GC, AF, BH, ED v Commission nationale de l’informatique et des libertés (CNIL)
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Grand Chamber
    Type:
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2019:773
  • Community of Madrid v. State Administration, Mr. José and Others
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    The Supreme Court. Contentious Chamber
    Type:
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI: ES:TS:2019:2336
  • Staatssecretaris van Justitie en Veiligheid v A and Others
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Advocate General
    Type:
    Opinion
    Policy area:
    Borders and Visa
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2019:361

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