eu-charter

EU Charter of Fundamental Rights

Article 8 - Protection of personal data

Article 8 - Protection of personal data

1. Everyone has the right to the protection of personal data concerning him or her.
2. Such data must be processed fairly for specified purposes and on the basis of the consent of the person concerned or some other legitimate basis laid down by law. Everyone has the right of access to data which has been collected concerning him or her, and the right to have it rectified.
3. Compliance with these rules shall be subject to control by an independent authority.

  • Text:

    This Article has been based on Article 286 of the Treaty establishing the European Community and Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data (OJ L 281, 23.11.1995, p. 31) as well as on Article 8 of the ECHR and on the Council of Europe Convention of 28 January 1981 for the Protection of Individuals with regard to Automatic Processing of Personal Data, which has been ratified by all the Member States. Article 286 of the EC Treaty is now replaced by Article 16 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union and Article 39 of the Treaty on European Union. Reference is also made to Regulation (EC) No 45/2001 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data by the Community institutions and bodies and on the free movement of such data (OJ L 8, 12.1.2001, p. 1). The above-mentioned Directive and Regulation contain conditions and limitations for the exercise of the right to the protection of personal data.

    Source:
    Official Journal of the European Union C 303/17 - 14.12.2007
    Preamble - Explanations relating to the Charter of Fundamental Rights:
    These explanations were originally prepared under the authority of the Praesidium of the Convention which drafted the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. Although they do not as such have the status of law, they are a valuable tool of interpretation intended to clarify the provisions of the Charter.
  • Unknown dentist v. Commissioner for Data Protection and the Right of Access to Documents of the State of Brandenburg
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    Federal Administrative Court
    Type:
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:DE:BVerwG:2019:270319U6C2.18.0
  • Proceedings brought by Sergejs Buivids.
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Court (Second Chamber)
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    Information society
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2019:122
  • Re. the application of XXX Michael DT and CCC Michael DT.XXX for permit to file for a certiorari order
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    Supreme Court of Cyprus
    Type:
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
  • GC, AF, BH, ED v Commission nationale de l’informatique et des libertés (CNIL)
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Advocate General
    Type:
    Opinion
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2019:14
  • Proceedings brought by Ministerio Fiscal
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Court (Grand Chamber)
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    Information society
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2018:788
  • X and the Data Protection Ombudsman v Google Finland and Google Inc.
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    Supreme Administrative Court
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    Information society
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:FI:KHO:2018:112
  • Criminal proceedings against Daniela Pinzaru and Robert-Andrei Cirstinoiu
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Court (Sixth Chamber)
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2018:574
  • Bastei Lübbe GmbH & Co. KG v Michael Strotzer.
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Advocate General
    Type:
    Opinion
    Policy area:
    Information society
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2018:400
  • Unabhängiges Landeszentrum für Datenschutz Schleswig-Holstein v Wirtschaftsakademie Schleswig-Holstein GmbH
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Court (Grand Chamber)
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    Information society
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2018:388
  • D.F.C. y M.F.C. vs Administration of Justice and Spanish Public Prosecutor
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    First Chamber of Constitutional Court
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    Information society
    ECLI (European case law identifier):

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