Publication date: 27 January 2014

Access to data protection remedies in EU Member States

Technological advances make it ever more important to safeguard the right to personal data, which is enshrined in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. Data protection violations arise principally from internet‑based activities, direct marketing and video surveillance, perpetrated by, for example, government bodies or financial and health institutions, research by the European Union Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA) shows.

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Publication date: 15 January 2014

Access to data protection remedies in EU Member States (3.41 MB)

Overview

Those victimised seek redress primarily to ensure that similar violations do not recur. This FRA socio‑legal project, which offers an analysis of the 28 EU Member States’ data protection regimes and of interviews with relevant parties in 16 Member States, highlights the challenges people face when seeking such remedies. It finds that only a few are aware of their right to data protection and that there is a lack of legal expertise in the field. 

Those who do file complaints typically address their national data protection authorities, but these often suffer from a lack of resources and powers. The findings provide evidence to inform and contribute to the European Union’s efforts to comprehensively reform and enhance the EU’s data protection regime.

Country research

Publication date:
April 2014

Ad hoc information reports on access to data protection remedies

These ad hoc information reports constitute the background information drawn on by the FRA in order to compile its legal comparative analysis for the report on ‘Access to Data Protection Remedies in EU Member States’. These reports were prepared under contract by the FRA’s research network, FRANET, upon an ad hoc information request. They consist of an overview of the existing redress mechanisms in the area of data protection in the 28 EU Member States.

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Publication date: 01 April 2014

Access to data protection remedies country AT (337.97 KB)

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Access to data protection remedies country BE (119.2 KB)

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Access to data protection remedies country BG (154.07 KB)

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Access to data protection remedies country HR (133.71 KB)

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Access to data protection remedies country CY (84.75 KB)

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Access to data protection remedies country CZ (132.21 KB)

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Access to data protection remedies country DK (135.52 KB)

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Access to data protection remedies country EE (83.06 KB)

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Access to data protection remedies country FI (114.69 KB)

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Access to data protection remedies country FR (323.11 KB)

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Access to data protection remedies country DE (165.37 KB)

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Access to data protection remedies country EL (108.9 KB)

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Access to data protection remedies country HU (164.37 KB)

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Access to data protection remedies country IE (131.75 KB)

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Access to data protection remedies country IT (195.48 KB)

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Access to data protection remedies country LV (156.9 KB)

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Access to data protection remedies country LT (170.84 KB)

Publication date: 02 May 2014

Access to data protection remedies country LU (92.11 KB)

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Access to data protection remedies country MT (107.55 KB)

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Access to data protection remedies country NL (219.48 KB)

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Access to data protection remedies country PL (168.83 KB)

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Access to data protection remedies country PT (291.96 KB)

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Access to data protection remedies country RO (199.02 KB)

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Access to data protection remedies country SK (142.8 KB)

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Access to data protection remedies country Sl (282.66 KB)

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Access to data protection remedies country ES (191.96 KB)

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Access to data protection remedies country SE (148.59 KB)

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Access to data protection remedies country UK (136.51 KB)

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