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There are allegations of migrants being turned away at some of the EU’s land and sea borders without an opportunity to apply for international protection as well as heavy-handed treatment by authorities in some instances.

Other issues concerning fundamental rights, affected also by measures to contain the Covid-19 pandemic, include:

  • Housing migrants on quarantine vessels instead of disembarking them at ports after they were rescued at sea.
  • Overuse of immigration detention.
  • Difficult conditions in detention and reception centres and camps in some countries. Overcrowding, and access to clean water and sanitation remain an issue.

Placing asylum-seeking children, unaccompanied or with families, in detention facilities or restricting their free movement.

This migration bulletin covers 1 January until 30 June 2021.

FRA regularly collects data on migration since September 2015.

Access previous migration quarterly reports >>