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Publication date:10 December 2018

Experiences and perceptions of antisemitism - Second survey on discrimination and hate crime against Jews in the EU

This report outlines the main findings of FRA’s second survey on Jewish people’s experiences with hate crime, discrimination and antisemitism in the European Union – the biggest survey of Jewish people ever conducted worldwide. Covering 12 EU Member States, the survey reached almost 16,500 individuals who identify as being Jewish. It follows up on the agency’s first survey, conducted in seven countries in 2012.


In 2018, FRA will conduct the second survey on discrimination and hate crime against Jews. It will collect comparable data on the experiences, perceptions and views of discrimination and hate crime victimisation of persons who self-identify as Jewish on the basis of their religion, ethnicity or any other reason. The survey will be conducted in Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom.

The survey also will ask respondents’ opinions about trends in antisemitism, antisemitism as a problem in everyday life, and about their personal experiences of antisemitic incidents, including discrimination against Jews on various grounds and across several areas of everyday life, for example at work, school, or when using other services. The survey will also explore the level of rights awareness regarding antidiscrimination and hate crime legislation and victim support organisations.


In 2012 FRA conducted the first ever transnational survey on discrimination and hate crime against Jews. It covered eight EU Member States and remains the largest ever survey about European Jews on any topic. It provided evidence on how Jews in the EU perceive and experience antisemitism. The second wave of the survey will provide stakeholders with evidence to examine progress in ensuring the protection of Jewish people’s fundamental rights in line with existing EU law and policies.

The survey results will complement the report on existing data on antisemitic incidents collected and published annually by FRA. This report and data collected by the OSCE/ODIHR concerning trends in recorded antisemitic incidents suggest that in many EU Member States Jewish people continue to face repeated incidents of violence and hate speech motivated by anti-Jewish prejudice. At the same time, research shows that most incidents are never reported to authorities and are not reflected in the incident statistics.

The main beneficiaries of the results of the survey include EU institutions, EU Member States’ national governments, as well as for national and European Jewish organisations concerned with security and antisemitism. All these stakeholders will use the data to tackle discrimination and hate crime against Jews, as well as rights awareness and under-reporting of incidents.


Building on the methodology developed for the 2012 FRA survey on discrimination and hate crime against Jews and on stakeholder consultations carried out in 2017, FRA will finalise the survey tools and methods. The data will be collected in the beginning of 2018, using an open online survey. The first survey results will be presented in the end of 2018.