The Charter is most effective, and has a real impact on people’s lives, when
parliaments, governments and courts at local, regional and national levels all actively
apply it. The national sphere is particularly relevant. A strong fundamental rights
architecture and committed national governments and parliaments are key to letting
the Charter unfold its potential at this level. Civil society organisations (CSOs) and
national human rights institutions (NHRIs) are also crucial given their contributions to
the protection and promotion of Charter rights.