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Publication date: 01 December 2016

Guidance on how to reduce the risk of refoulement in external border management when working in or together with third countries (196.75 KB)

This guidance on how to reduce the risk of refoulement in border management situations aims to support the EU and its Member States when implementing integrated border management measures with the assistance of third countries. It also intends to mitigate possible risks of being held accountable. It is not comprehensive, and Member States have to comply with all applicable obligations both within as well as beyond the scope of these guidelines, including those set forth in international, European and national law.