Systems

Support for human rights systems and defenders

Many organisations work to defend your rights. We help their efforts with independent evidence, advice and expertise.

We support their frontline work. And we shine a light on potential risks and priority areas. Together we make your rights a reality.

Highlights

  • Report / Paper / Summary
    11
    October
    2021
    This report proposes a framework for becoming, and functioning as,
    a ‘human rights city’ in the EU. It includes ‘foundations’, ‘structures’
    and ‘tools’ for mayors, local administrations and grassroots
    organisations to reinforce fundamental rights locally. It is based on
    existing good practice and expert input by representatives of human
    rights cities in the EU, academic experts, international organisations
    and city networks.
  • Page
    The European Union Fundamental Rights Information System EFRIS is a Human Rights Gateway, bringing together data and information from existing human rights databases, and enables viewing and analysis of relevant assessments of fundamental rights in the EU.
  • Report / Paper / Summary
    18
    January
    2018
    Civil society organisations in the European Union play a crucial role in promoting fundamental rights, but it
    has become harder for them to do so – due to both legal and practical restrictions. This report looks at the different types and patterns of challenges
    faced by civil society organisations working on human rights in the EU.
  • Handbook / Guide / Manual
    23
    October
    2018
    As a very modern human rights catalogue containing many rights not found in established bills of rights, the Charter indeed looks good on paper. Those familiar with the main principles of EU law can usually quickly recite that the Charter is always binding on the EU, and binding on Member States only when they are "implementing EU law". But what does this often-quoted language from Article 51 of the Charter actually mean?
Products
15
December
2017
This meeting report distils the discussions held during a high-level expert meeting organised by FRA, which explored the shared space between religion and human rights.
11
October
2017
The agency organised a high-level expert meeting in Vienna on 29-30 May 2017, bringing together participants from different EU Member States and horizons, including: human rights and fine arts academics; museum staff; curators; representatives of civil society organisations focusing on artistic freedom; and artists from the fields of photography, visual arts, comics, choreography, literature and music.
FRA Director Michael O’Flaherty speaks about the role of civil society and the FRA’s mechanism for cooperation with civil society, the Fundamental Rights Platform. “A healthy civil society is vital for the protection and promotion of fundamental rights. (…) Without civil society, we are not able to achieve our goals, we are not able to deliver our results. (…) We can cooperate to ensure that our Europe of values remains and gets ever stronger.”
This video message by Ulrike Lunacek, Vice-President of the European Parliament, was recorded on the occasion of FRA's 10th anniversary.
In 2017 and beyond, the Fundamental Rights Agency will focus on today’s most urgent human rights quandaries, from migration and asylum, through xenophobia and discrimination, to the very contemporary challenges of privacy, surveillance and hate speech in the digital age.
20
May
2016
This opinion addresses the designation and operation of a framework established under Article 33 (2) of the CRPD at EU level (EU Framework). It aims to clarify the requirements of an EU Framework in light of the monitoring practice and jurisprudence of the CRPD Committee and – with regard to the concept of independence –the Committee interpreting the Paris Principles on the establishment of National Human Rights Institutions (NHRIs).
19
February
2016
This leaflet explains how national parliaments, governments and courts can use the Charter and shows how the Charter was used at the national level in 2015.
11
May
2015
A new Focus paper by the EU Agency of Fundamental Rights (FRA) outlines how Member States across the EU have reformed their laws and policies to meet their obligations under the CRPD. By bringing together examples of such reforms, it also highlights how the adoption of international commitments can drive wide-ranging processes of change at the national level.
11
February
2015
The events that took place in France and Belgium in January 2015 had tremendous impact across the European Union (EU) and beyond. In the immediate aftermath of the events in Paris, FRA collected responses across Europe, focusing on Jewish and Muslim community organisations, political leaders, civil society and the media. The current paper provides an overview of this material and should be regarded as a snapshot of a rapidly changing situation.
5
March
2014
This factsheet presents some examples of survey findings, which are placed alongside general considerations as possible ‘ways forward’ for responding to violence against women.
26
January
2010
In 2009, the FRA conducted the first EU-wide study of the role that European memorial sites, museums and exhibitions play with respect to educating young Europeans about the Holocaust and human rights. The findings of the study were presented at a Conference in Auschwitz on the 27 January bringing together Education Ministers from across Europe.
15
October
2012
National Human Rights Institutions (NHRIs) protect and promote human rights at the national level, tackling systemic problems and raising fundamental rights awareness. To equip NHRIs to perform their role well, they should have, among other qualities, independence, powers and a broad mandate, in accordance with the so-called ‘Paris Principles’ which were adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1993 and set forth the primary minimum standards for an effective NHRI.
10
October
2012
Copenhagen Seminar Report
Danish Presidency of the Council of the EU and EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (15–16 March 2012)
26
January
2010
The European Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) conducted European-wide research in 2009 on the contribution of memorial sites to Holocaust education and human rights education in the European Union (EU). This summary report, derived from the main report 'Discover the past for the future. The role of historical sites and museums in Holocaust education and human rights education in the EU', provides selected findings, discussion points and recommendations.
Fundamental rights are the basic rights and freedoms that belong to everyone in the EU. They are the same no matter where you’re from, what you believe or how you live.
The Fundamental Rights Platform (FRP) is FRA’s channel for cooperation and information exchange with civil society organisations working on fundamental rights in the EU.
The Agency cooperates with the United Nations (UN), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Council of Europe and other international organisations. This cooperation forms part of FRA's Founding Regulation and includes expert consultations, conferences and seminars as well as data and information sharing. Cooperation creates synergies and optimises resources so duplication of work is avoided. It also helps ensure the different organisations’ work complements each other, so that recommendations and advice are more aligned.
7
May
2010
The EU plays a pioneering role in the protection of personal data. The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU enshrines the right to data protection as an autonomous fundamental right. Despite the underlying importance and centrality of the right to data protection in the EU, many deficiencies are present in the data protection system. This study on data protection identifies deficiencies in the EU Member States.
7
May
2010
EU-MIDIS "Data in Focus" report 3 focuses on respondents' knowledge about their rights in the field of non-discrimination, including knowledge about Equality Bodies in Member States. This Data In Focus report on 'Rights Awareness and equality bodies' relates to Article 21, on 'non-discrimination', as enrshrined in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union.
This year FRA looks forward to a new decade for fundamental human rights across Europe, as the new European Parliament and Commission hit the ground running with a raft of new strategies promoting and protecting rights.
Today marks human rights day, a day that celebrates the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and what it means to all of us. But it should be a cause for celebration every day.
There is a vast array of human rights information. The trouble is, you often have to search through so many different places online. Much of it is relevant for the EU and its Member States. Now, help is at hand with FRA’s European Union Fundamental Rights Information System, EFRIS. It draws together information from these various sources, providing a much-needed single entry point.
Ten years ago on 1 December, the full force of the EU’s Fundamental Rights Charter came into play. This landmark bill of rights for the EU has the power to make a difference. One decade on, it is yet to reach its full potential. This is changing, slowly but surely.
The European Judicial Training Network recently signed a Letter of Intent with FRA.
On 14 November, FRA’s Director spoke at the European Network of National Human Rights Institutions’ 2019 Annual Conference ‘Realising Economic and Social Rights in Europe: the role of National Human Rights Institutions’.
What does effective human rights communications really mean? And how should we do it? Participants at FRA’s recent workshop share their views.
FRA joined an online seminar on fundamental rights in forced returns.
The Ethical Journalism Network and FRA provided face-to-face media training at the Thomson Foundation in London on 21 October.
On 3 October, FRA presented the guidelines on improving the collection and use of equality data at a national stakeholder conference organised in Dublin by the Irish Human Rights and Equality Commission.
If you are old, chances are you have been discriminated against. It is so common in fact that, across the EU, over 40% of Europeans feel that discrimination towards older people is widespread in their country. Marking International Day for Older People, FRA calls on EU institutions and Member States to fully respect the rights of older people.
Practitioners are often unsure whether or not the Charter of Fundamental Rights applies to a given situation, and how it adds value.
On 12 September, FRA Director Michael O’Flaherty presented the Fundamental Rights Report 2019 to the European Parliament’s Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs in Brussels.
FRA participated in the EEA and Norway Grants Financial Mechanism Office’s second International Partner Organisation coordination meeting in Brussels on 27 June.
FRA’s Fundamental Rights Report 2019 provides insights into the main issues shaping fundamental rights debates across the EU.
FRA’s Director presented the key findings of its Fundamental Rights Report 2019 at the Council of the EU’s Working Party on Fundamental Rights, Citizens’ Rights and Free Movement of Persons (FREMP) on 24 June.
FRA took part in the UN OHCHR meeting on local governments and human rights on 17 June in Geneva.
On 20 June in Geneva, FRA presented its European Union Fundamental Rights Information Tool (EFRIS) to the annual meeting of United Nations Special Procedures and Mandate Holders.
FRA co-hosted a session on cybercrime and fundamental rights with the EU’s drugs agency (EMCDDA).
The independent member appointed by the Council of Europe to FRA’s Management Board, Rainer Hofmann, gave a presentation to the Council of Europe’s Steering Committee for Human Rights on 20 June in Strasbourg.
The FRA Director will give a keynote speech at the 2020 Annual Conference of the Geneva Human Rights Platform on 15 October. He will focus on ‘Where are we today in terms of connectivity between regional and global human rights mechanisms’.
FRA will present its European Fundamental Rights Information System (EFRIS) tool to civil society via its Fundamental Rights Platform (FRP) on 7 October.
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The next Fundamental Rights Forum will take place in Vienna on 11 and 12 October 2021.
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FRA will contribute, for the first time as a cooperating partner, to the annual NHRI Academy.
On 28 September, FRA’s Director will give a keynote speech on the impact of COVID-19 on the realisation of human rights now and in the long run. He will speak during a meeting of the Human Rights Delegation of Finland, a body of the Finnish NHRI.
The European Commission invited FRA to join two advisory bodies to support the implementation of the ‘European Green Deal’.
The regular study visit of judges and prosecutors to FRA, organised by the European Judicial Training Network, takes place this time as a virtual meeting.
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FRA’s Executive Board and Management Board will convene virtually on 25 September.
On 28 September, FRA’s Director Michael O’Flaherty takes part in a seminar on how to best communicate equality and diversity messages.
On 14 September, FRA invites civil society organisations to a webinar about its recent report on civic space experiences in the EU.
FRA will hold an online meeting with Human Rights Cities on 16 September to share information on current priorities and challenges.
FRA’s Director kicks off a series of targeted presentations in Member States of its report on Strong and effective NHRIs: challenges, promising practices and opportunities.
On 4 September, the Scientific Committee members will discuss FRA reports and have an exchange on current FRA research activities.
On the 9th of July, the CoE-FRA-ENNHRI-EQUINET collaborative platform on social and economic rights meets virtually.
On 29 June, FRA will take part in EuroPCom, the European Public Communication Conference.
On 23 June, in the run-up to the German Presidency of the EU Council, FRA will host a webinar for legal staff of the German Federal Foreign Office and the Permanent Representation of the Federal Republic of Germany.
On 18 June, the agency’s National Liaison Officers (NLOs) will meet via video conference for the first time.
On 23 June, FRA Director Michael O'Flaherty will present the key findings of the Fundamental Rights Report 2020 to the Working Party on Fundamental Rights, Citizens Rights and Free Movement of Persons (FREMP) of the Council of the EU.
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FRA’s Executive Board and Management Board will convene on 8 and 9 June via video conference.