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Article 52 - Scope and interpretation

1. Any limitation on the exercise of the rights and freedoms recognised by this Charter must be provided for by law and respect the essence of those rights and freedoms. Subject to the principle of proportionality, limitations may be made only if they are necessary and genuinely meet objectives of general interest recognised by the Union or the need to protect the rights and freedoms of others.
2. Rights recognised by this Charter for which provision is made in the Treaties shall be exercised under the conditions and within the limits defined by those Treaties.
3. In so far as this Charter contains rights which correspond to rights guaranteed by the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, the meaning and scope of those rights shall be the same as those laid down by the said Convention. This provision shall not prevent Union law providing more extensive protection.
4. In so far as this Charter recognises fundamental rights as they result from the constitutional traditions common to the Member States, those rights shall be interpreted in harmony with those traditions.
5. The provisions of this Charter which contain principles may be implemented by legislative and executive acts taken by institutions, bodies, offices and agencies of the Union, and by acts of Member States when they are implementing Union law, in the exercise of their respective powers. They shall be judicially cognisable only in the interpretation of such acts and in the ruling on their legality.
6. Full account shall be taken of national laws and practices as specified in this Charter.
7. The explanations drawn up as a way of providing guidance in the interpretation of this Charter shall be given due regard by the courts of the Union and of the Member States.

  • Greece / The Council of the State / 359/2020
    Merchant importer v. Independent Authority for Public Revenue (Ministry of Finance)
    Decision date:
    22 Nov 2019
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    The Council of the State
    Type:
    Decision
  • CJEU Case C-454/18 / Opinion
    Baltic Cable AB v Energimarknadsinspektionen.
    Decision date:
    14 Nov 2019
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Advocate General
    Type:
    Opinion
    Policy area:
    Energy
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2019:973
  • Germany/ Federal Constitutional Court/ 1 BvR 16/13 („Right to be Forgotten I“)
    Anonymous plaintiff v. Federal Court of Justice (Bundesgerichtshof)
    Decision date:
    06 Nov 2019
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    Federal Constitutional Court
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:DE:BVerfG:2019:rs20191106.1bvr001613
  • Germany/ Federal Constitutional Court/ 1 BvR 276/17 („Right to be forgotten II“)
    Anonymous plaintiff v. Higher Regional Court Celle (Oberlandesgericht Celle)
    Decision date:
    06 Nov 2019
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    Federal Constitutional Court
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:DE:BVerfG:2019:rs20191106.1bvr027617
  • CJEU Case C-507/18 / Opinion
    NH v Associazione Avvocatura per i diritti LGBTI - Rete Lenford
    Decision date:
    31 Oct 2019
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Advocate General
    Type:
    Opinion
    Policy area:
    Employment and social policy
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2019:922
  • CJEU Case C-128/18/ Judgment
    Dumitru-Tudor Dorobantu v Generalstaatsanwaltschaft Hamburg
    Decision date:
    15 Oct 2019
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Grand Chamber
    Policy area:
    Justice, freedom and security
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2019:857
  • CJEU Case C-136/17/ Judgment
    GC, AF, BH, ED v Commission nationale de l’informatique et des libertés (CNIL)
    Decision date:
    24 Sep 2019
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Grand Chamber
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2019:773
  • CJEU Case C-467/19 PPU / Order
    Criminal proceedings against QR
    Decision date:
    24 Sep 2019
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Court (Second Chamber)
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    Justice, freedom and security
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2019:776
  • CJEU Cases C-542/18 RX-II, C-543/18 RX-II/ Opinion
    Eric Simpson v Council of the European Union and HG v European Commission
    Decision date:
    12 Sep 2019
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Advocate General
    Type:
    Opinion
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2019:977
  • CJEU C-377/18 Judgment
    REQUEST for a preliminary ruling under Article 267 TFEU, from the Spetsializiran nakazatelen sad (Specialised Criminal Court, Bulgaria)
    Decision date:
    05 Sep 2019
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Court (Second Chamber)
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    Justice, freedom and security
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2019:670

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