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Член 48 - Презумпция за невиновност и право на защита

Член 48 - Презумпция за невиновност и право на защита

  1. Всеки обвиняем се счита за невинен до установяване на вината му в съответствие със закона.
  2. На всеки обвиняем се гарантира зачитане на правото на защита.

46 results found

  • Constitution of the Republic of Croatia

    URL:
    Constitution of the Republic of Croatia
    Country:
    Croatia

    Article 28 Everyone is presumed innocent and may not be held guilty of a criminal offence until such guilt is proven by a binding court judgment. Article 29 (2)In the case of suspicion or accusation of a criminal offence, the suspected, accused or indicted person shall be entitled: – to be informed in detail and in a language he/she understands, within the shortest possible term, of the nature and grounds for the charges against him/her and the evidence incriminating him/her, – to have adequate time and opportunity to prepare his/her defence, – to defence counsel and unrestricted communication therewith, and to be informed of this right, – to mount his/her own defence independently or with the assistance of a defence counsel of his/her own choice, and if he/she lacks the resources to engage such counsel, to have free counsel provided under the conditions specified by law, – to be present at his/her trial insofar as he/she is at the disposal of the court, – to interrogate or to arrange for interrogation of witnesses for the prosecution and to demand the attendance and questioning of defence witnesses under the same conditions which apply to witnesses for the prosecution, – to assistance by an interpreter free of charge insofar as he/she does not understand the language used in the court. (3)An admission of guilt may not be coerced from a suspected, accused or indicted individual. (4)Evidence obtained illegally may not be admitted in court proceedings. Article 27 The legal profession, as an autonomous and independent service, shall provide everyone with legal aid in compliance with law.

  • Ustav Republike Hrvatske

    URL:
    Ustav Republike Hrvatske
    Country:
    Croatia

    Članak 28. Svatko je nedužan i nitko ga ne može smatrati krivim za kazneno djelo dok mu se pravomoćnom sudskom presudom ne utvrdi krivnja. Članak 29. (2) U slučaju sumnje ili optužbe zbog kažnjivog djela osumnjičenik, okrivljenik ili optuženik ima pravo: – da u najkraćem roku bude obaviješten potanko i na jeziku koji razumije o naravi i razlozima optužbe koja se diže protiv njega i o dokazima koji ga terete, – da ima odgovarajuće vrijeme i mogućnost za pripremu obrane, – na branitelja i nesmetano uspostavljanje veze s braniteljem, i s tim pravom mora biti upoznat, – da se brani sam ili uz branitelja po vlastitom izboru, a ako nema dovoljno sredstava da plati branitelja, ima pravo na besplatnog branitelja pod uvjetom propisanim zakonom, – da mu se sudi u njegovoj nazočnosti, ukoliko je dostupan sudu, – da ispituje ili dade ispitati svjedoke optužbe i da zahtijeva da se osigura nazočnost i ispitivanje svjedoka obrane pod istim uvjetima kao i svjedoka optužbe, – na besplatnu pomoć tumača ako ne razumije ili ne govori jezik koji se upotrebljava na sudu. (3)Osumnjičenik, okrivljenik i optuženik ne smije se siliti da prizna krivnju. (4)Dokazi pribavljeni na nezakonit način ne mogu se uporabiti u sudskom postupku. Članak 27. Odvjetništvo kao samostalna i neovisna služba osigurava svakome pravnu pomoć, u skladu sa zakonom.

  • Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria

    URL:
    Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria
    Country:
    Bulgaria

    Art. 30 [...] (4) Everyone shall be entitled to legal counsel from the moment of detention or from the moment of being charged.(5) Everyone shall be entitled to meet his legal counsel in private. The confidentiality of such communication shall be inviolable. Art. 31 [...] (2) No one shall be forced to plead guilty, and no one shall be convicted solely by virtue of confession.(3) A defendant shall be considered innocent until proven otherwise by a final verdict.(4) The rights of a defendant shall not be restricted beyond what is necessary for the purposes of a fair trial.Art. 56Everyone shall have the right to legal defence whenever his rights or legitimate interests are violated or endangered. He shall have the right to be accompanied by legal counsel when appearing before an agency of the State.

  • КОНСТИТУЦИЯ на Република България

    URL:
    КОНСТИТУЦИЯ на Република България
    Country:
    Bulgaria

    Чл. 30 [...] (4) Всеки има право на адвокатска защита от момента на задържането му или на привличането му като обвиняем.(5) Всеки има право да се среща насаме с лицето, което го защитава. Тайната на техните съобщения е неприкосновена. Чл. 31 [...] (2) Никой не може да бъде принуждаван да се признае за виновен, нито да бъде осъден само въз основа на неговото самопризнание.(3) Обвиняемият се смята за невинен до установяване на противното с влязла в сила присъда.(4) Не се допускат ограничения на правата на обвиняемия, надхвърлящи необходимото за осъществяване на правосъдието.Чл. 56Всеки гражданин има право на защита, когато са нарушени или застрашени негови права или законни интереси. В държавните учреждения той може да се явява и със защитник.

  • Konvention zum Schutze der Menschenrechte und Grundfreiheiten

    URL:
    Konvention zum Schutze der Menschenrechte und Grundfreiheiten
    Country:
    Austria

    Artikel 6 (2) Bis zum gesetzlichen Nachweis seiner Schuld wird vermutet, daß der wegen einer strafbaren Handlung Angeklagte unschuldig ist.

  • The European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR)

    URL:
    The European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR)
    Country:
    Austria

    Article 6 2. Everyone charged with a criminal offence shall be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law.

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