eu-charter

EU Charter of Fundamental Rights

Article 11 - Freedom of expression and information

Article 11 - Freedom of expression and information

1. Everyone has the right to freedom of expression. This right shall include freedom to hold opinions and to receive and impart information and ideas without interference by public authority and regardless of frontiers.
2. The freedom and pluralism of the media shall be respected.

 

  • Text:

    1. Article 11 corresponds to Article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights, which reads as follows:

    "1. Everyone has the right to freedom of expression. This right shall include freedom to hold opinions and to receive and impart information and ideas without interference by public authority and regardless of frontiers. This article shall not prevent States from requiring the licensing of broadcasting, television or cinema enterprises.

    2. The exercise of these freedoms, since it carries with it duties and responsibilities, may be subject to such formalities, conditions, restrictions or penalties as are prescribed by law and are necessary in a democratic society, in the interests of national security, territorial integrity or public safety, for the prevention of disorder or crime, for the protection of health or morals, for the protection of the reputation or rights of others, for preventing the disclosure of information received in confidence, or for maintaining the authority and impartiality of the judiciary."

    Pursuant to Article 52(3) of the Charter, the meaning and scope of this right are the same as those guaranteed by the ECHR. The limitations which may be imposed on it may therefore not exceed those provided for in Article 10(2) of the Convention, without prejudice to any restrictions which Community competition law may impose on Member States' right to introduce the licensing arrangements referred to in the third sentence of Article 10(1) of the ECHR.

    2. Paragraph 2 of this Article spells out the consequences of paragraph 1 regarding freedom of the media. It is based in particular on Court of Justice case law regarding television, particularly in case C-288/89 (judgment of 25 July 1991, Stichting Collectieve Antennevoorziening Gouda and others [1991] ECR I-4007), and on the Protocol on the system of public broadcasting in the Member States annexed to the EC Treaty, and on Council Directive 89/552/EC (particularly its seventeenth recital).

    Source:
    Official Journal of the European Union C 303/17 - 14.12.2007
    Preamble - Explanations relating to the Charter of Fundamental Rights:
    These explanations were originally prepared under the authority of the Praesidium of the Convention which drafted the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. Although they do not as such have the status of law, they are a valuable tool of interpretation intended to clarify the provisions of the Charter.
  • Google Spain
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    ADVOCATE GENERAL JÄÄSKINEN
    Type:
    Opinion
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
  • Sky Italia Srl v Autorità per le Garanzie nelle Comunicazioni
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Advocate General
    Type:
    Opinion
    Policy area:
    Audiovisual and media
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2013:323
  • Sky Österreich GmbH v Österreichischer Rundfunk
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    European Court of Justice (Grand Chamber)
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
  • Sky Österreich GmbH v Österreichischer Rundfunk
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Opinion of Advocate General
    Type:
    Opinion
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
  • Belgische Vereniging van Auteurs, Componisten en Uitgevers CVBA (SABAM) v Netlog NV
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Court (Third Chamber)
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
  • Eva-Maria Painer v Standard VerlagsGmbH and Others
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Court (Third Chamber)
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:62010CJ0145
  • Scarlet Extended SA v Société belge des auteurs, compositeurs et éditeurs SCRL (SABAM)
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Court (Third Chamber)
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2011:771
  • Aldo Patricello
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    European Court of Justice (Grand Chamber)
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
  • Mesopotamia Broadcast A/S METV (C‑244/10), Roj TV A/S (C‑245/10) v Bundesrepublik Deutschland
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    European Court of Justice (Third Chamber)
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
  • Criminal proceedings against Frede Damgaard
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    European Court of Justice (Second Chamber)
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2009:222

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