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Članak 37 - Zaštita okoliša

Visoka razina zaštite okoliša i poboljšavanje kakvoće okoliša moraju biti uključeni u politike Unije i osigurani u skladu s načelom održivog razvoja.

60 results found

  • Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms
    URL:
    Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms
    Country:
    Czechia

    Article 11 (3) Ownership entails obligations. It may not be misused to the detriment of the rights of others or in conflict with legally protected public interests. It may not be exercised so as to harm human health, nature, or the environment beyond the limits laid down by law. Article 35 (1) Everyone has the right to a favorable environment. (2) Everyone has the right to timely and complete information about the state of the environment and natural resources. (3) No one may, in exercising her rights, endanger or cause damage to the environment, natural resources, the wealth of natural species, or cultural monuments beyond the extent set by a law.

  • Constitution of the Czech Republic
    URL:
    Constitution of the Czech Republic
    Country:
    Czechia

    Article 7 The state shall concern itself with the prudent use of its natural resources and the protection of its natural wealth.

  • Listina základních práv a svobod
    URL:
    Listina základních práv a svobod
    Country:
    Czechia

    Článek 11 (...) (3) Vlastnictví zavazuje. Nesmí být zneužito na újmu práv druhých anebo v rozporu se zákonem chráněnými obecnými zájmy. Jeho výkon nesmí poškozovat lidské zdraví, přírodu a životní prostředí nad míru stanovenou zákonem. Článek 35 (1) Každý má právo na příznivé životní prostředí. (2) Každý má právo na včasné a úplné informace o stavu životního prostředí a přírodních zdrojů. (3) Při výkonu svých práv nikdo nesmí ohrožovat ani poškozovat životní prostředí, přírodní zdroje, druhové bohatství přírody a kulturní památky nad míru stanovenou zákonem.

  • Listina základních práv a svobod
    URL:
    Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms
    Country:
    Czechia

    Article 11 (3) Ownership is binding. It may not be misused to the detriment of the rights of others or against legally protected public interests. Its exercise may not cause damage to human health, nature and the environment beyond statutory limits. Article 35 (1) Everybody has the right to live a favourable living environment. (2) Everybody is entitled to timely and complete information about the state of the living environment and natural resources. (3) In exercising his or her rights nobody may endanger or cause damage to the living environment, natural resources, the wealth of natural species, and cultural monuments beyond limits set by law.

  • Ústava České republiky
    URL:
    Ústava České republiky
    Country:
    Czechia

    Článek 7 Stát dbá o šetrné využívání přírodních zdrojů a ochranu přírodního bohatství. 

  • Climate Change Act 2008
    URL:
    Climate Change Act 2008
    Country:
    United Kingdom

    Section 1 The target for 2050 (1) It is the duty of the Secretary of State to ensure that the net UK carbon account for the year 2050 is at least 80% lower than the 1990 baseline. (2) “The 1990 baseline” means the aggregate amount of— (a) net UK emissions of carbon dioxide for that year, and (b )net UK emissions of each of the other targeted greenhouse gases for the year that is the base year for that gas. … Section 4 Carbon budgets (1) It is the duty of the Secretary of State— (a)to set for each succeeding period of five years beginning with the period 2008-2012 (“budgetary periods”) an amount for the net UK carbon account (the “carbon budget”), and (b to ensure that the net UK carbon account for a budgetary period does not exceed the carbon budget. (2)The carbon budget for a budgetary period may be set at any time after this Part comes into force, and must be set— (a) for the periods 2008-2012, 2013-2017 and 2018-2022, before 1st June 2009; (b) for any later period, not later than 30th June in the 12th year before the beginning of the period in question. … Section 29 UK emissions and removals of greenhouse gases (1) In this Part— (a) “UK emissions”, in relation to a greenhouse gas, means emissions of that gas from sources in the United Kingdom; (b) “UK removals”, in relation to a greenhouse gas, means removals of that gas from the atmosphere due to land use, land-use change or forestry activities in the United Kingdom; (c) the “net UK emissions” for a period, in relation to a greenhouse gas, means the amount of UK emissions of that gas for the period reduced by the amount for the period of UK removals of that gas. (2) The amount of UK emissions and UK removals of a greenhouse gas for a period must be determined consistently with international carbon reporting practice. … Schedule 6 Part 1 Section 1 The relevant national authority may make provision by regulations about charging by sellers of goods for the supply of single use carrier bags, carrier bags. Requirement to charge Section 2 The regulations may make provision requiring sellers of goods to charge for single use carrier bags carrier bags supplied— (a)at a place where goods are sold, for the purpose of enabling goods to be taken away, or at the place where the goods are sold, for the purpose of enabling the goods to be taken away, or (b)for the purpose of enabling goods to be delivered. for the purpose of enabling the goods to be delivered. … Schedule 6 Part 1 Section 4 The regulations may specify the minimum amount that a seller must charge for each single use carrier bag carrier bag, or provide for that amount to be determined in accordance with the regulations.

  • Instrument of Government
    URL:
    Instrument of Government
    Country:
    Sweden

    Chapter 1 - Basic principles of the form of government: Article 2 (…) The public institutions shall promote sustainable development leading to a good environment for present and future generations.(…)

  • Kungörelse (1974:152) om beslutad ny regeringsform
    URL:
    Kungörelse (1974:152) om beslutad ny regeringsform
    Country:
    Sweden

    1 kapitlet - Statsskickets grunder: 2 § (…) Det allmänna ska främja en hållbar utveckling som leder till en god miljö för nuvarande och kommande generationer. (…)

  • Constitutión Española
    URL:
    Constitutión Española
    Country:
    Spain

    Artículo 451. Todos tienen el derecho a disfrutar de un medio ambiente adecuado para el desarrollo de la persona, así como el deber de conservarlo. 2. Los poderes públicos velarán por la utilización racional de todos los recursos naturales, con el fin de proteger y mejorar la calidad de la vida y defender y restaurar el medio ambiente, apoyándose en la indispensable solidaridad colectiva.3. Para quienes violen lo dispuesto en el apartado anterior, en los términos que la ley fije se establecerán sanciones penales o, en su caso, administrativas, así como la obligación de reparar el daño causado.

  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Spain
    URL:
    Constitution of the Kingdom of Spain
    Country:
    Spain

    Article 451. Everyone has the right to enjoy an environment suitable for the development of the person, as well as the duty to preserve it. 2. The public authorities shall watch over a rational use of all natural resources with a view to protecting and improving the quality of life and preserving and restoring the environment, by relying on an indispensable collective solidarity. 3. For those who break the provisions contained in the foregoing paragraph, criminal or, where applicable, administrative sanctions shall be imposed, under the terms established by the law, and they shall be obliged to repair the damage caused.

  • Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia
    URL:
    Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia
    Country:
    Slovenia

    Article 72 Everyone has the right in accordance with the law to a healthy living environment.The state shall promote a healthy living environment. To this end, the conditions and manner in which economic and other activities are pursued shall be established by law.The law shall establish under which conditions and to what extent a person who has damaged the living environment is obliged to provide compensation.The protection of animals from cruelty shall be regulated by law.

  • Ustava Republike Slovenije
    URL:
    Ustava Republike Slovenije
    Country:
    Slovenia

    72. člen (zdravo življenjsko okolje)Vsakdo ima v skladu z zakonom pravico do zdravega življenjskega okolja.Država skrbi za zdravo življenjsko okolje. V ta namen zakon določa pogoje in načine za opravljanje gospodarskih in drugih dejavnosti.Zakon določa, ob katerih pogojih in v kakšnem obsegu je povzročitelj škode v življenjskem okolju dolžan poravnati škodo.Varstvo živali pred mučenjem ureja zakon.

  • Constitution of the Slovak Republic
    URL:
    Constitution of the Slovak Republic
    Country:
    Slovakia

    Article 44 (1) Everyone has the right to a favourable environment. (2) Everyone is obliged to protect and enhance the environment and the cultural heritage. (3) No one may endanger, or damage the environment, natural resources, and the cultural heritage beyond the extent laid down by law. (4) The state looks after a cautious use of natural resources, the protection of agricultural and forest lands, ecological balance, and effective environmental care, as well as provides for the protection of specified species of wild plants and animals. (5) Agricultural and forest lands as non-renewable resources merit special protection of the State and of the Society. (6) The details of the rights and obligations according to paragraphs 1 to 5 shall be laid down by law. Article 45 Everyone has the right to timely and complete information about the state of the environment and about the causes and consequences of its condition.

  • Ústava Slovenskej republiky
    URL:
    Ústava Slovenskej republiky
    Country:
    Slovakia

    Čl. 44 (1) Každý má právo na priaznivé životné prostredie. (2) Každý je povinný chrániť a zveľaďovať životné prostredie a kultúrne dedičstvo. (3) Nikto nesmie nad mieru ustanovenú zákonom ohrozovať ani poškodzovať životné prostredie, prírodné zdroje a kultúrne pamiatky. (4) Štát dbá o šetrné využívanie prírodných zdrojov, o ochranu poľnohospodárskej pôdy a lesnej pôdy, o ekologickú rovnováhu a o účinnú starostlivosť o životné prostredie a zabezpečuje ochranu určeným druhom voľne rastúcich rastlín a voľne žijúcich živočíchov. (5) Poľnohospodárska pôda a lesná pôda ako neobnoviteľné prírodné zdroje požívajú osobitnú ochranu zo strany štátu a spoločnosti. (6) Podrobnosti o právach a povinnostiach podľa odsekov 1 až 5 ustanoví zákon. Čl. 45 Každý má právo na včasné a úplné informácie o stave životného prostredia a o príčinách a následkoch tohto stavu.

  • Constituția României
    URL:
    Constituția României
    Country:
    Romania

     Articolul 35(1) Statul recunoaste dreptul oricarei persoane la un mediu înconjurator sanatos si echilibrat ecologic. (2) Statul asigura cadrul legislativ pentru exercitarea acestui drept. (3) Persoanele fizice si juridice au îndatorirea de a proteja si a ameliora mediul înconjurator.Articolul 135(2) Statul trebuie sa asigure: d) exploatarea resurselor naturale, în concordanta cu interesul national; e) refacerea si ocrotirea mediului înconjurator, precum si mentinerea echilibrului ecologic;f) crearea conditiilor necesare pentru cresterea calitatii vietii;

  • Constitution of Romania
    URL:
    Constitution of Romania
    Country:
    Romania

    Article 35(1) The State shall acknowledge the right of every person to a healthy, well preserved and balanced environment. (2) The State shall provide the legislative framework for the exercise of such right. (3) Natural and legal entities shall be bound to protect and improve the environment.Article 135(2) The State must secure:d) exploitation of natural resources, in conformity with national interests;e) environmental protection and recovery, as well as preservation of the ecological balance; f) creation of all necessary conditions so as to increase the quality of life;

  • Constituição da República Portuguesa
    URL:
    Constituição da República Portuguesa
    Country:
    Portugal

    Artigo 9.º (Tarefas fundamentais do Estado) São tarefas fundamentais do Estado: e) Proteger e valorizar o património cultural do povo português, defender a natureza e o ambiente, preservar os recursos naturais e assegurar um correcto ordenamento do território. Artigo 66.º (ambiente e qualidade de vida) 1. Todos têm direito a um ambiente de vida humano, sadio e ecologicamente equilibrado e o dever de o defender. 2. Para assegurar o direito ao ambiente, no quadro de um desenvolvimento sustentável, incumbe ao Estado, por meio de organismos próprios e com o envolvimento e a participação dos cidadãos: a) Prevenir e controlar a poluição e os seus efeitos e as formas prejudiciais de erosão; b) Ordenar e promover o ordenamento do território, tendo em vista uma correcta localização das actividades, um equilibrado desenvolvimento sócio-económico e a valorização da paisagem; c) Criar e desenvolver reservas e parques naturais e de recreio, bem como classificar e proteger paisagens e sítios, de modo a garantir a conservação da natureza e a preservação de valores culturais de interesse histórico ou artístico; d) Promover o aproveitamento racional dos recursos naturais, salvaguardando a sua capacidade de renovação e a estabilidade ecológica, com respeito pelo princípio da solidariedade entre gerações; e) Promover, em colaboração com as autarquias locais, a qualidade ambiental das povoações e da vida urbana, designadamente no plano arquitectónico e da protecção das zonas históricas; f) Promover a integração de objectivos ambientais nas várias políticas de âmbito sectorial; g) Promover a educação ambiental e o respeito pelos valores do ambiente; h) Assegurar que a política fiscal compatibilize desenvolvimento com protecção do ambiente e qualidade de vida. Artigo 52.º (Direito de petição e direito de ação popular) 3. É conferido a todos, pessoalmente ou através de associações de defesa dos interesses em causa, o direito de acção popular nos casos e termos previstos na lei, incluindo o direito de requerer para o lesado ou lesados a correspondente indemnização, nomeadamente para: a) Promover a prevenção, a cessação ou a perseguição judicial das infracções contra a saúde pública, os direitos dos consumidores, a qualidade de vida, a preservação do ambiente e do património cultural.

  • Constitution of the Portuguese Republic
    URL:
    Constitution of the Portuguese Republic
    Country:
    Portugal

    Article 9 (Fundamental tasks of the State) The basic responsibilities of the State are: (e) To protect and enhance the cultural heritage of the Portuguese people, to protect nature and the environment. Article 66 (Environment and quality of life) (1) Everyone shall possess the right to a healthy and ecologically balanced human living environment and the duty to defend it. (2) In order to ensure enjoyment of the right to the environment within an overall framework of sustainable development, acting via appropriate bodies and with the involvement and participation of citizens, the state shall be charged with: (a) Preventing and controlling pollution and its effects and the harmful forms of erosion; (b) Conducting and promoting town and country planning with a view to a correct location of activities, balanced social and economic development and the enhancement of the landscape; (c) Creating and developing natural and recreational reserves and parks and classifying and protecting landscapes and places, in such a way as to guarantee the conservation of nature and the preservation of cultural values and assets that are of historic or artistic interest; (d) Promoting the rational use of natural resources, while safeguarding their ability to renew themselves and maintain ecological stability, with respect for the principle of inter-generational solidarity; (e) Acting in cooperation with local authorities, promoting the environmental quality of rural settlements and urban life, particularly on the architectural level and as regards the protection of historic zones; (f) Promoting the integration of environmental objectives into the various policies of a sectoral nature; (g) Promoting environmental education and respect for environmental values; (h) Ensuring that fiscal policy renders development compatible with the protection of the environment and the quality of life. Article 52 (Right of petition and right of actio popularis) (3) Everyone, personally or through associations that purport to defend the interests in issue, enjoys the right of actio popularis in the cases and under the conditions provided by law, including the right to advocate, on behalf of the aggrieved party or parties, the following: (a) to promote the prevention, the suppression and the prosecution of offences against public health, consumer rights, the quality of life, the preservation of the environment and the cultural heritage.

  • Constitution of the Republic of Poland
    URL:
    Constitution of the Republic of Poland
    Country:
    Poland

    Article 5 The Republic of Poland shall safeguard the independence and integrity of its territory and ensure the freedoms and rights of persons and citizens, the security of the citizens, safeguard the national heritage and shall ensure the protection of the natural environment pursuant to the principles of sustainable development.Article 68(...) 4. Public authorities shall combat epidemic illnesses and prevent the negative health consequences of degradation of the environment.Article 74.1. Public authorities shall pursue policies ensuring the ecological security of current and future generations.2. Protection of the environment shall be the duty of public authorities.3. Everyone shall have the right to be informed of the quality of the environment and its protection.4. Public authorities shall support the activities of citizens to protect and improve the quality of the environment.Article 86Everyone shall care for the quality of the environment and shall be held responsible for causing its degradation. The principles of such responsibility shall be specified by statute.

  • Constitution of the Republic of Poland
    URL:
    Constitution of the Republic of Poland
    Country:
    Poland

    Article 5The Republic of Poland shall safeguard the independence and integrity of its territory and ensure the freedoms and rights of persons and citizens, the security of the citizens, safeguard the national heritage and shall ensure the protection of the natural environment pursuant to the principles of sustainable development.Article 68(...) 4. Public authorities shall combat epidemic illnesses and prevent the negative health consequences of degradation of the environment.Article 741. Public authorities shall pursue policies ensuring the ecological security of current and future generations.2. Protection of the environment shall be the duty of public authorities.3. Everyone shall have the right to be informed of the quality of the environment and its protection.4. Public authorities shall support the activities of citizens to protect and improve the quality of the environment.Article 86Everyone shall care for the quality of the environment and shall be held responsible for causing its degradation. The principles of such responsibility shall be specified by statute.

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