Technical and quality report - EU Survey on Immigrants and Descendants of Immigrants

This technical report provides all the relevant technical information on the design, implementation and finalisation of the survey on immigrants and descendants of immigrants. Details of the data collection process also contribute to the iterative improvement of survey methodologies, especially when it comes to surveying populations and groups that are considered ‘hard-to-reach’ or difficult to survey.

Equality data – any piece of information that can be used to describe and analyse the state of equality – demonstrate the nature and extent of racism, discrimination and inequality, which in turn supports evidence-based policymaking in the area of equality rights. Several FRA surveys have compensated for the absence of official equality data: they point to persistent high levels of discrimination, bias-motivated harassment and crime across the EU. In 2008, FRA implemented the first European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey. This was followed in 2016 by the second European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey (EU-MIDIS II). In 2022, FRA conducted its third survey on immigrants and descendants of immigrants (hereafter referred to as ‘the survey’, collecting comparable data in 15 EU Member States from 16,124 respondents.

In this report:

  • Introduction
  • Developing the survey
  • Development and translation of questionnaire and fieldwork materials
  • Interviewer selection and training
  • Sampling
  • Piloting
  • Fieldwork
  • Data processing
  • Weighting
  • Survey quality assessment
  • Lessons learned
  • Annexes