eu-charter

EU Charter of Fundamental Rights

21 straipsnis - Diskriminacijos uždraudimas

21 straipsnis - Diskriminacijos uždraudimas

1. Draudžiama bet kokia diskriminacija, ypač dėl asmens lyties, rasės, odos spalvos, tautinės ar socialinės kilmės, genetinių bruožų, kalbos, religijos ar tikėjimo, politinių ar kitokių pažiūrų, priklausymo tautinei mažumai, turtinės padėties, gimimo, negalios, amžiaus, seksualinės orientacijos.
2. Sutarčių taikymo srityje ir nepažeidžiant konkrečių jų nuostatų draudžiama bet kokia diskriminacija dėl asmens pilietybės.

  • Text:

    1 dalis remiasi EB sutarties 13 straipsniu, dabar pakeistu Sutarties dėl Europos Sąjungos veikimo 19 straipsniu, EŽTK 14 straipsniu bei Žmogaus teisių ir biomedicinos konvencijos 11 straipsniu dėl genetinio paveldo. Kiek tai atitinka EŽTK 14 straipsnį, ji taikoma laikantis šio straipsnio.
    Tarp 1 dalies ir Sutarties dėl Europos Sąjungos veikimo 19 straipsnio, kurio taikymo sritis ir tikslas yra kitas, nėra prieštaravimo ar nesuderinamumo: 19 straipsniu Sąjungai suteikiamas įgaliojimas priimti įstatymo galią turinčius aktus, įskaitant valstybių narių įstatymų ir kitų teisės aktų suderinimą, siekiant kovoti su diskriminacija, pasireiškiančia tam tikromis formomis, kurios yra išsamiai išvardintos tame straipsnyje. Tokie teisės aktai gali apimti valstybių narių institucijų veiksmus (taip pat privačių asmenų santykius) bet kurioje srityje Sąjungos įgaliojimų ribose. Priešingai, 21 straipsnio 1 dalis nesukuria jokio įgaliojimo leisti antidiskriminacinius įstatymus šiose valstybių narių ar privačių veiksmų srityse ir nenustato bendro pobūdžio diskriminacijos draudimo tose labai įvairiose srityse. Vietoj to ji apima tik pačių Sąjungos institucijų ir organų vykdomos diskriminacijos atvejus, naudojantis įgaliojimais, kurie yra suteikti pagal Sutartis, ir valstybių narių vykdomos diskriminacijos atvejus, tik joms įgyvendinant Sąjungos teisę. Todėl 1 dalis nepakeičia nei pagal 19 straipsnį suteiktų įgaliojimų apimties, nei šio straipsnio aiškinimo.
    2 dalis atitinka Sutarties dėl Europos Sąjungos veikimo 18 straipsnio pirmąją pastraipą ir turi būti taikoma laikantis šio straipsnio.

    Source:
    Europos Sąjungos oficialusis leidinys C 303/17 - 14.12.2007
    Preamble - Explanations relating to the Charter of Fundamental Rights:
    Šie išaiškinimai buvo pirmą kartą parengti prižiūrint Europos Sąjungos pagrindinių teisių chartiją rengusio Konvento prezidiumui. Jie buvo atnaujinti Europos konvento prezidiumo atsakomybe, atsižvelgiant į Konvento įvestas Chartijos teksto projekto pataisas (ypač 51 ir 52 straipsnių) ir kitus Sąjungos teisės pakeitimus. Nors išaiškinimai neturi teisinės galios, jie yra svarbi Chartijos nuostatoms išaiškinti skirta aiškinimo priemonė.
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    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Court (Tenth Chamber)
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    Employment and social policy
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2020:1022
  • European Commission v GEA Group AG.
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    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Court ( Second Chamber)
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    ECLI:EU:C:2020:955
  • LM v Centre public d'action sociale de Seraing
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    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Court (First Chamber)
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    ECLI:EU:C:2020:759
  • Prysmian SpA and Prysmian Cavi e Sistemi Srl v European Commission.
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    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Type:
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    ECLI (European case law identifier):
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  • Appellant v the Board of Directors of the Social Security Bank (Sociale Verzekeringsbank, Svb)
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    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    Administrative High Court
    Type:
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    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
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  • Company; Institute for the Financing of Agriculture; Fishing Bank
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    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    Constitutional Court
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    ECLI (European case law identifier):
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    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
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    Court (First Chamber)
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  • TJ v Balga Srl.
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    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Court (Seventh Chamber)
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    Decision
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    ECLI (European case law identifier):
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  • YS v NK.
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Advocate General
    Type:
    Policy area:
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  • NH v Associazione Avvocatura per i diritti LGBTI - Rete Lenford
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Court (Grand Chamber)
    Type:
    Decision
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67 results found

  • Constitution of Malta
    Šalis:
    Malta

    Article 45. (1) Subject to the provisions of sub-articles (4), (5) and (7) of this article, no law shall make any provision that is discriminatory either of itself or in its effect. (2) Subject to the provisions of sub-articles (6), (7) and (8) of this article, no person shall be treated in a discriminatory manner by any person acting by virtue of any written law or in the performance of the functions of any public office or any public authority. (3) In this article, the expression "discriminatory" means affording different treatment to different persons attributable wholly or mainly to their respective descriptions by race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed or sex whereby persons of one such description are subjected to disabilities or restrictions to which persons of another such description are not made subject or are accorded privileges or advantages which are not accorded to persons of another such description. (4) Sub-article (1) of this article shall not apply to any law so far as that law makes provision - (a) for the appropriation of public revenues or other public funds; or (b) with respect to persons who are not citizens of Malta; or (c) with respect to adoption, marriage, dissolution of marriage, burial, devolution of property on death or any matters of personal law not hereinbefore specified; or (d) whereby persons of any such description as is mentioned in sub-article (3) of this article may be subjected to any disability or restriction or may be accorded any privilege or advantage which, having regard to its nature and to special circumstances pertaining to those persons or to persons of any other such description and to any other provision of this Constitution, is reasonably justifiable in a democratic society; or (e) for authorising the taking during a period of public emergency of measures that are reasonably justifiable for the purpose of dealing with the situation that exists during that period of public emergency; Provided that paragraph (c) of this sub-article shall not apply to any law which makes any provision that is discriminatory, either of itself or in its effect by affording different treatment to different persons attributable wholly or mainly to their respective description by sex. (5) Nothing contained in any law shall be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of sub-article (1) of this article to the extent that it makes provision: (a) with respect to qualifications for service or conditions of service in any disciplined force; or (b) with respect to qualifications (not being qualifications specifically relating to sex) for service as a public officer or for service of a local government authority or a body corporate established for public purposes by any law. (6) Sub-article (2) of this article shall not apply to anything which is expressly or by necessary implication authorised to be done by any such provision of law as is referred to in sub-article (4) or (5) of this article. (7) Nothing contained in or done under the authority of any law shall be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of this article to the extent that the law in question makes provision (not being provisions specifically relating to sex) whereby persons of any such description as is mentioned in sub-article (3) of this article may be subjected to any restriction on the rights and freedoms guaranteed by articles 38, 40, 41, 42 and 44 of this Constitution, being such a restriction as is authorised by article 38(2), 40(2), 41(2), 42(2) or 44(3). (8) Nothing in sub-article (2) of this article shall affect any discretion relating to the institution, conduct or discontinuance of civil or criminal proceedings in any court that is vested in any person by or under this Constitution or any other law. (9) A requirement, however made, that the Roman Catholic Apostolic Religion shall be taught by a person professing that religion shall not be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of this article. (10) Until the expiration of a period of two years commencing on the lst July, 1991, nothing contained in any law made before the 1st July, 1991, shall be held to be inconsistent with the provisions of this article, in so far as that law provides for different treatment to different persons attributable wholly or mainly to their respective description by sex. (11) Nothing in the provisions of this article shall apply to any law or anything done under the authority of a law, or to any procedure or arrangement, in so far as such law, thing done, procedure or arrangement provides for the taking of special measures aimed at accelerating de facto equality between men and women, and in so far only as such measures, taking into account the social fabric of Malta, are shown to be reasonably justifiable in a democratic society.

  • Lietuvos Respublikos Konstitucija
    Šalis:
    Lithuania

    29 straipsnis Įstatymui, teismui ir kitoms valstybės institucijoms ar pareigūnams visi asmenys lygūs. Žmogaus teisių negalima varžyti ir teikti jam privilegijų dėl jo lyties, rasės, tautybės, kalbos, kilmės, socialinės padėties, tikėjimo, įsitikinimų ar pažiūrų pagrindu.

  • Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania
    Šalis:
    Lithuania

    Article 29. All persons shall be equal before the law, the court, and other State institutions and officials. The rights of the human being may not be restricted, nor may he be granted any privileges on the ground of gender, race, nationality, language, origin, social status, belief, convictions, or views.

  • Constitution of the Republic of Latvia
    Šalis:
    Latvia

    91. All human beings in Latvia shall be equal before the law and the courts. Human rights shall be realised without discrimination of any kind.

  • Latvijas Republikas Satversme
    Šalis:
    Latvia

    91. Visi cilvēki Latvijā ir vienlīdzīgi likuma un tiesas priekšā. Cilvēka tiesības tiek īstenotas bez jebkādas diskriminācijas.

  • Constitution of the Italian Republic
    Šalis:
    Italy

    Art. 3. All citizens have equal social dignity and are equal before the law, without distinction of sex, race, language, religion, political opinion, personal and social conditions. It is the duty of the Republic to remove those obstacles of an economic or social nature which constrain the freedom and equality of citizens, thereby
    impeding the full development of the human person and the effective participation of all workers in the political, economic and social organisation
    of the country. Art. 10. (...) The legal status of foreigners is regulated by law in conformity with
    international provisions and treaties. (...)

  • Costituzione della Repubblica Italiana
    Šalis:
    Italy

    Art. 3. Tutti i cittadini hanno pari dignità sociale e sono eguali davanti alla legge, senza distinzione di sesso, di razza, di lingua, di religione, di opinioni politiche, di condizioni personali e sociali. È compito della Repubblica rimuovere gli ostacoli di ordine economico e sociale, che, limitando di fatto la libertà e la uguaglianza dei cittadini, impediscono il pieno sviluppo della persona umana e l'effettiva partecipazione di tutti i lavoratori all'organizzazione politica, economica e sociale del Paese. Art. 10. (...) La condizione giuridica dello straniero è regolata dalla legge in conformità delle norme e dei trattati internazionali (...)

  • Constitution of Ireland
    Šalis:
    Ireland

    Article 40.1. All citizens shall, as human persons, be held equal before the law. This shall not be held to mean that the State shall not in its enactments have due regard to differences of capacity, physical and moral, and of social function. Article 40.6.2. Laws regulating the manner in which the right of forming associations and nions and the right of free assembly may be exercised shall contain no political, religious or class discrimination.

  • Equality Act 2004
    Šalis:
    Ireland
  • Magyarország Alaptörvénye
    Šalis:
    Hungary

    XV. cikk (SZABADSÁG ÉS FELELŐSSÉG) [...] (2) Magyarország az alapvető jogokat mindenkinek bármely megkülönböztetés, nevezetesen faj, szín, nem, fogyatékosság, nyelv, vallás, politikai vagy más vélemény , nemzeti vagy társadalmi származás, vagyoni, születési vagy egyéb helyzet szerinti kűlönbségtétel nélkül biztosítja. [...] (4)Magyarország az esélyegyenlőség és a társadalmi felzárkózás megvalósulását külön intézkedésekkel segíti.

  • The Fundamental Law of Hungary
    Šalis:
    Hungary

    Article XV (Freedom and Responsibility) [...] (2) Hungary shall guarantee fundamental rights to everyone without discrimination and in particular without discrimination on grounds of race, colour, sex, disability, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or any other status. [...]
    (4) By means of separate measures, Hungary shall help to achieve equality of
    opportunity and social inclusion.

  • Constitution of the Hellenic Republic
    Šalis:
    Greece

    Article 4 (5) Greek citizens contribute without distinction to public charges in proportion to their means. [...] Article 5 (2) All persons living within the Greek territory shall enjoy full protection of their life, honour and liberty irrespective of nationality, race or language and of religious or political beliefs. Exceptions shall be permitted only in cases provided by international law. [...]

  • Το Σύνταγμα της Ελλάδας
    Šalis:
    Greece

    Άρθρο 4 (5) Oι Έλληνες πoλίτες συνεισφέρoυν χωρίς διακρίσεις στα δημόσια βάρη, ανάλoγα με τις δυνάμεις τoυς. […] Άρθρο 5 (2) Όλoι όσoι βρίσκoνται στην Eλληνική Eπικράτεια απoλαμβάνoυν την απόλυτη πρoστασία της ζωής, της τιμής και της ελευθερίας τoυς, χωρίς διάκριση εθνικότητας, φυλής, γλώσσας και θρησκευτικών ή πoλιτικών πεπoιθήσεων. Eξαιρέσεις επιτρέπoνται στις περιπτώσεις πoυ πρoβλέπει τo διεθνές δίκαιo. [...]

  • Allgemeines Gleichbehandlungsgesetz
    Šalis:
    Germany

     

     

     

  • Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany
    Šalis:
    Germany

    Article 3 (... ) (3) No person shall be favoured or disfavoured because of sex, parentage, race, language, homeland and origin, faith, or religious or political opinions. No person shall be disfavoured because of disability. Article 33 (1) Every German shall have in every Land the same political rights and duties. (2) Every German shall be equally eligible for any public office according to his aptitude, qualifications and professional achievements. (3) Neither the enjoyment of civil and political rights, nor eligibility for public office, nor rights acquired in the public service shall be dependent upon religious affiliation. No one may be disadvantaged by reason of adherence or non-adherence to a particular religious denomination or philosophical creed.

  • General Equal Treatment Act
    Šalis:
    Germany

     

     

     

  • Grundgesetz für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland
    Šalis:
    Germany

    Artikel 3 (...) (3) Niemand darf wegen seines Geschlechtes, seiner Abstammung, seiner Rasse, seiner Sprache, seiner Heimat und Herkunft, seines Glaubens, seiner religiösen oder politischen Anschauungen benachteiligt oder bevorzugt werden. Niemand darf wegen seiner Behinderung benachteiligt werden. Artikel 33 (1) Jeder Deutsche hat in jedem Lande die gleichen staatsbürgerlichen Rechte und Pflichten. (2) Jeder Deutsche hat nach seiner Eignung, Befähigung und fachlichen Leistung gleichen Zugang zu jedem öffentlichen Amte. (3) Der Genuß bürgerlicher und staatsbürgerlicher Rechte, die Zulassung zu öffentlichen Ämtern sowie die im öffentlichen Dienste erworbenen Rechte sind unabhängig von dem religiösen Bekenntnis. Niemandem darf aus seiner Zugehörigkeit oder Nichtzugehörigkeit zu einem Bekenntnisse oder einer Weltanschauung ein Nachteil erwachsen.

  • Constitution
    Šalis:
    France

    Article 1 La France est une République indivisible, laïque, démocratique et sociale. Elle assure l'égalité devant la loi de tous les citoyens sans distinction d'origine, de race ou de religion. Elle respecte toutes les croyances. Son organisation est décentralisée. La loi favorise l'égal accès des femmes et des hommes aux mandats électoraux et fonctions électives, ainsi qu'aux responsabilités professionnelles et sociales.

  • Constitution
    Šalis:
    France

    Article 1 France shall be an indivisible, secular, democratic and social Republic. It shall ensure the equality of all citizens before the law, without distinction of origin, race or religion. It shall respect all beliefs.

  • Déclaration des Droits de l'homme et du citoyen du 26 août 1789
    Šalis:
    France

    Art. 1er. Les hommes naissent et demeurent libres et égaux en droits. Les distinctions sociales ne peuvent être fondées que sur l'utilité commune. Art. 6. La Loi est l'expression de la volonté générale. Tous les Citoyens ont droit de concourir personnellement, ou par leurs Représentants, à sa formation. Elle doit être la même pour tous, soit qu'elle protège, soit qu'elle punisse. Tous les Citoyens étant égaux à ses yeux sont également admissibles à toutes dignités, places et emplois publics, selon leur capacité, et sans autre distinction que celle de leurs vertus et de leurs talents.

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