eu-charter

Charte des droits fondamentaux de l'Union européenne

Article 21 - Non-discrimination

Article 21 - Non-discrimination

1. Est interdite toute discrimination fondée notamment sur le sexe, la race, la couleur, les origines ethniques ou sociales, les caractéristiques génétiques, la langue, la religion ou les convictions, les opinions politiques ou toute autre opinion, l'appartenance à une minorité nationale, la fortune, la naissance, un handicap, l'âge ou l'orientation sexuelle.
2. Dans le domaine d'application des traités et sans préjudice de leurs dispositions particulières, toute discrimination exercée en raison de la nationalité est interdite.

  • Texte:

    Le paragraphe 1 s'inspire de l'article 13 du traité CE, désormais remplacé par l'article 19 du traité sur le fonctionnement de l'Union européenne, et de l'article 14 de la CEDH ainsi que de l'article 11 de la convention sur les droits de l'homme et la biomédecine en ce qui concerne le patrimoine génétique. Pour autant qu'il coïncide avec l'article 14 de la CEDH, il s'applique conformément à celui-ci.
    Il n'y a ni contradiction ni incompatibilité entre le paragraphe 1 et l'article 19 du traité sur le fonctionnement de l'Union européenne, dont le champ d'application et l'objet sont différents: l'article 19 confère à l'Union compétence pour adopter des actes législatifs, y compris l'harmonisation des dispositions législatives et réglementaires des États membres, afin de combattre certaines formes de discrimination qui sont citées d'une manière exhaustive dans cet article. Cette législation peut s'étendre à l'action des autorités d'un État membre (ainsi qu'aux relations entre les particuliers) dans tout domaine entrant dans les compétences de l'Union. En revanche, le paragraphe 1 de l'article 21 ci-dessus ne confère aucune compétence pour adopter des lois antidiscrimination dans ces domaines de l'action des États membres ou des particuliers, pas plus qu'il n'énonce une large interdiction de la discrimination dans lesdits domaines. En fait, il ne concerne que les discriminations qui sont le fait des institutions et organes de l'Union, dans l'exercice des compétences que leur confèrent les traités, et des États membres, uniquement lorsqu'ils mettent en œuvre le droit de l'Union. Le paragraphe 1 ne modifie dès lors pas l'étendue des compétences conférées par l'article 19 ni l'interprétation de cet article.
    Le paragraphe 2 correspond à l'article 18, premier alinéa, du traité sur le fonctionnement de l'Union européenne et doit s'appliquer conformément à celui-ci.

    Source:
    Journal officiel de l'Union européenne C 303/17 - 14.12.2007
    Preamble - Explanations relating to the Charter of Fundamental Rights:
    Les explications qui figurent ci-après ont été établies initialement sous la responsabilité du praesidium de la Convention qui a élaboré la Charte des droits fondamentaux de l'Union européenne. Elles ont été mises à jour sous la responsabilité du praesidium de la Convention européenne, compte tenu des adaptations apportées au texte de la Charte par ladite Convention (notamment aux articles 51 et 52) et de l'évolution du droit de l'Union. Bien que ces explications n'aient pas en soi de valeur juridique, elles constituent un outil d'interprétation précieux destiné à éclairer les dispositions de la Charte.
  • Zammit Joseph vs. Kummisarju Tal-Pulizija Et
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    Court of Appeal (Civil, Superior)
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    Justice, freedom and security
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:MT:ACIV:2022:132839
  • Tartu Prison XX Minister of Justice, Minister of Health and Labour, Chancellor of Justice
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    Supreme Court
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
  • Hungary v European Parliament and Council of the European Union
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Court (Full Court)
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    Institutional affairs
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2022:97
  • Republic of Poland v European Parliament and Council of the European Union
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Court (Full Court)
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    Internal market
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2022:98
  • Ciuchi Elena Corina and Puiu Laurenţiu Dan versus the Romanian Government, National Committee for Emergency Situations and the Romanian Ministry of Interior
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    Bucharest Court of Appeal
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    Public Health
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:RO:CABUC:2021:177
  • Six petitioners v. National Electoral Commission
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    Curia
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
  • TC and UB v Komisia za zashtita ot diskriminatsia and VA
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Court (Second Chamber)
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    Employment and social policy
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2021:862
  • Abah Bouazza and others; Albert Guigui and others; Section belge du Congrès juif mondial et Congrès juif européen and others and by the Muslim Executive of Belgium and others.
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    Constitutional Court
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
  • X v État belge
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Court (Grand Chamber)
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    Free movement and equality
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2021:657
  • Mr. José Ángel v. Central Electoral Board
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    Supreme Court, Contentious Chamber
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:ES:TS:2021:3092

67 results found

  • Constitution of the Republic of Poland
    Pays:
    Poland

    Article 32 1. All persons shall be equal before the law. All persons shall have the right to equal treatment by public authorities. 2. No one shall be discriminated against in political, social or economic life for any reason whatsoever.

  • Konstytucja Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej
    Pays:
    Poland

    Art. 32. 1. Wszyscy są wobec prawa równi. Wszyscy mają prawo do równego traktowania przez władze publiczne.2. Nikt nie może być dyskryminowany w życiu politycznym, społecznym lub gospodarczym z jakiejkolwiek przyczyny.

  • Constitution of Malta
    Pays:
    Malta

    Article 45. (1) Subject to the provisions of sub-articles (4), (5) and (7) of this article, no law shall make any provision that is discriminatory either of itself or in its effect. (2) Subject to the provisions of sub-articles (6), (7) and (8) of this article, no person shall be treated in a discriminatory manner by any person acting by virtue of any written law or in the performance of the functions of any public office or any public authority. (3) In this article, the expression "discriminatory" means affording different treatment to different persons attributable wholly or mainly to their respective descriptions by race, place of origin, political opinions, colour, creed or sex whereby persons of one such description are subjected to disabilities or restrictions to which persons of another such description are not made subject or are accorded privileges or advantages which are not accorded to persons of another such description. (4) Sub-article (1) of this article shall not apply to any law so far as that law makes provision - (a) for the appropriation of public revenues or other public funds; or (b) with respect to persons who are not citizens of Malta; or (c) with respect to adoption, marriage, dissolution of marriage, burial, devolution of property on death or any matters of personal law not hereinbefore specified; or (d) whereby persons of any such description as is mentioned in sub-article (3) of this article may be subjected to any disability or restriction or may be accorded any privilege or advantage which, having regard to its nature and to special circumstances pertaining to those persons or to persons of any other such description and to any other provision of this Constitution, is reasonably justifiable in a democratic society; or (e) for authorising the taking during a period of public emergency of measures that are reasonably justifiable for the purpose of dealing with the situation that exists during that period of public emergency; Provided that paragraph (c) of this sub-article shall not apply to any law which makes any provision that is discriminatory, either of itself or in its effect by affording different treatment to different persons attributable wholly or mainly to their respective description by sex. (5) Nothing contained in any law shall be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of sub-article (1) of this article to the extent that it makes provision: (a) with respect to qualifications for service or conditions of service in any disciplined force; or (b) with respect to qualifications (not being qualifications specifically relating to sex) for service as a public officer or for service of a local government authority or a body corporate established for public purposes by any law. (6) Sub-article (2) of this article shall not apply to anything which is expressly or by necessary implication authorised to be done by any such provision of law as is referred to in sub-article (4) or (5) of this article. (7) Nothing contained in or done under the authority of any law shall be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of this article to the extent that the law in question makes provision (not being provisions specifically relating to sex) whereby persons of any such description as is mentioned in sub-article (3) of this article may be subjected to any restriction on the rights and freedoms guaranteed by articles 38, 40, 41, 42 and 44 of this Constitution, being such a restriction as is authorised by article 38(2), 40(2), 41(2), 42(2) or 44(3). (8) Nothing in sub-article (2) of this article shall affect any discretion relating to the institution, conduct or discontinuance of civil or criminal proceedings in any court that is vested in any person by or under this Constitution or any other law. (9) A requirement, however made, that the Roman Catholic Apostolic Religion shall be taught by a person professing that religion shall not be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of this article. (10) Until the expiration of a period of two years commencing on the lst July, 1991, nothing contained in any law made before the 1st July, 1991, shall be held to be inconsistent with the provisions of this article, in so far as that law provides for different treatment to different persons attributable wholly or mainly to their respective description by sex. (11) Nothing in the provisions of this article shall apply to any law or anything done under the authority of a law, or to any procedure or arrangement, in so far as such law, thing done, procedure or arrangement provides for the taking of special measures aimed at accelerating de facto equality between men and women, and in so far only as such measures, taking into account the social fabric of Malta, are shown to be reasonably justifiable in a democratic society.

  • Lietuvos Respublikos Konstitucija
    Pays:
    Lithuania

    29 straipsnis Įstatymui, teismui ir kitoms valstybės institucijoms ar pareigūnams visi asmenys lygūs. Žmogaus teisių negalima varžyti ir teikti jam privilegijų dėl jo lyties, rasės, tautybės, kalbos, kilmės, socialinės padėties, tikėjimo, įsitikinimų ar pažiūrų pagrindu.

  • Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania
    Pays:
    Lithuania

    Article 29. All persons shall be equal before the law, the court, and other State institutions and officials. The rights of the human being may not be restricted, nor may he be granted any privileges on the ground of gender, race, nationality, language, origin, social status, belief, convictions, or views.

  • Constitution of the Republic of Latvia
    Pays:
    Latvia

    91. All human beings in Latvia shall be equal before the law and the courts. Human rights shall be realised without discrimination of any kind.

  • Latvijas Republikas Satversme
    Pays:
    Latvia

    91. Visi cilvēki Latvijā ir vienlīdzīgi likuma un tiesas priekšā. Cilvēka tiesības tiek īstenotas bez jebkādas diskriminācijas.

  • Constitution of the Italian Republic
    Pays:
    Italy

    Art. 3. All citizens have equal social dignity and are equal before the law, without distinction of sex, race, language, religion, political opinion, personal and social conditions. It is the duty of the Republic to remove those obstacles of an economic or social nature which constrain the freedom and equality of citizens, thereby
    impeding the full development of the human person and the effective participation of all workers in the political, economic and social organisation
    of the country. Art. 10. (...) The legal status of foreigners is regulated by law in conformity with
    international provisions and treaties. (...)

  • Costituzione della Repubblica Italiana
    Pays:
    Italy

    Art. 3. Tutti i cittadini hanno pari dignità sociale e sono eguali davanti alla legge, senza distinzione di sesso, di razza, di lingua, di religione, di opinioni politiche, di condizioni personali e sociali. È compito della Repubblica rimuovere gli ostacoli di ordine economico e sociale, che, limitando di fatto la libertà e la uguaglianza dei cittadini, impediscono il pieno sviluppo della persona umana e l'effettiva partecipazione di tutti i lavoratori all'organizzazione politica, economica e sociale del Paese. Art. 10. (...) La condizione giuridica dello straniero è regolata dalla legge in conformità delle norme e dei trattati internazionali (...)

  • Constitution of Ireland
    Pays:
    Ireland

    Article 40.1. All citizens shall, as human persons, be held equal before the law. This shall not be held to mean that the State shall not in its enactments have due regard to differences of capacity, physical and moral, and of social function. Article 40.6.2. Laws regulating the manner in which the right of forming associations and nions and the right of free assembly may be exercised shall contain no political, religious or class discrimination.

  • Equality Act 2004
    Pays:
    Ireland
  • Magyarország Alaptörvénye
    Pays:
    Hungary

    XV. cikk (SZABADSÁG ÉS FELELŐSSÉG) [...] (2) Magyarország az alapvető jogokat mindenkinek bármely megkülönböztetés, nevezetesen faj, szín, nem, fogyatékosság, nyelv, vallás, politikai vagy más vélemény , nemzeti vagy társadalmi származás, vagyoni, születési vagy egyéb helyzet szerinti kűlönbségtétel nélkül biztosítja. [...] (4)Magyarország az esélyegyenlőség és a társadalmi felzárkózás megvalósulását külön intézkedésekkel segíti.

  • The Fundamental Law of Hungary
    Pays:
    Hungary

    Article XV (Freedom and Responsibility) [...] (2) Hungary shall guarantee fundamental rights to everyone without discrimination and in particular without discrimination on grounds of race, colour, sex, disability, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or any other status. [...]
    (4) By means of separate measures, Hungary shall help to achieve equality of
    opportunity and social inclusion.

  • Constitution of the Hellenic Republic
    Pays:
    Greece

    Article 4 (5) Greek citizens contribute without distinction to public charges in proportion to their means. [...] Article 5 (2) All persons living within the Greek territory shall enjoy full protection of their life, honour and liberty irrespective of nationality, race or language and of religious or political beliefs. Exceptions shall be permitted only in cases provided by international law. [...]

  • Το Σύνταγμα της Ελλάδας
    Pays:
    Greece

    Άρθρο 4 (5) Oι Έλληνες πoλίτες συνεισφέρoυν χωρίς διακρίσεις στα δημόσια βάρη, ανάλoγα με τις δυνάμεις τoυς. […] Άρθρο 5 (2) Όλoι όσoι βρίσκoνται στην Eλληνική Eπικράτεια απoλαμβάνoυν την απόλυτη πρoστασία της ζωής, της τιμής και της ελευθερίας τoυς, χωρίς διάκριση εθνικότητας, φυλής, γλώσσας και θρησκευτικών ή πoλιτικών πεπoιθήσεων. Eξαιρέσεις επιτρέπoνται στις περιπτώσεις πoυ πρoβλέπει τo διεθνές δίκαιo. [...]

  • Allgemeines Gleichbehandlungsgesetz
    Pays:
    Germany

     

     

     

  • Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany
    Pays:
    Germany

    Article 3 (... ) (3) No person shall be favoured or disfavoured because of sex, parentage, race, language, homeland and origin, faith, or religious or political opinions. No person shall be disfavoured because of disability. Article 33 (1) Every German shall have in every Land the same political rights and duties. (2) Every German shall be equally eligible for any public office according to his aptitude, qualifications and professional achievements. (3) Neither the enjoyment of civil and political rights, nor eligibility for public office, nor rights acquired in the public service shall be dependent upon religious affiliation. No one may be disadvantaged by reason of adherence or non-adherence to a particular religious denomination or philosophical creed.

  • General Equal Treatment Act
    Pays:
    Germany

     

     

     

  • Grundgesetz für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland
    Pays:
    Germany

    Artikel 3 (...) (3) Niemand darf wegen seines Geschlechtes, seiner Abstammung, seiner Rasse, seiner Sprache, seiner Heimat und Herkunft, seines Glaubens, seiner religiösen oder politischen Anschauungen benachteiligt oder bevorzugt werden. Niemand darf wegen seiner Behinderung benachteiligt werden. Artikel 33 (1) Jeder Deutsche hat in jedem Lande die gleichen staatsbürgerlichen Rechte und Pflichten. (2) Jeder Deutsche hat nach seiner Eignung, Befähigung und fachlichen Leistung gleichen Zugang zu jedem öffentlichen Amte. (3) Der Genuß bürgerlicher und staatsbürgerlicher Rechte, die Zulassung zu öffentlichen Ämtern sowie die im öffentlichen Dienste erworbenen Rechte sind unabhängig von dem religiösen Bekenntnis. Niemandem darf aus seiner Zugehörigkeit oder Nichtzugehörigkeit zu einem Bekenntnisse oder einer Weltanschauung ein Nachteil erwachsen.

  • Constitution
    Pays:
    France

    Article 1 La France est une République indivisible, laïque, démocratique et sociale. Elle assure l'égalité devant la loi de tous les citoyens sans distinction d'origine, de race ou de religion. Elle respecte toutes les croyances. Son organisation est décentralisée. La loi favorise l'égal accès des femmes et des hommes aux mandats électoraux et fonctions électives, ainsi qu'aux responsabilités professionnelles et sociales.

14 results found

  • Regulation (EU) 2021/692 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 28 April 2021 establishing the Citizens, Equality, Rights and Values Programme and repealing Regulation (EU) No 1381/2013 of the European Parliament

    Article 1

    Subject matter

    This Regulation establishes the Citizens, Equality, Rights and Values Programme (the ‘Programme’) for the duration of the multiannual financial framework 2021-2027, as laid down in Regulation (EU, Euratom) 2020/2093.

    It lays down the objectives of the Programme, the budget for the period 2021–2027, the forms of Union funding and the rules for providing such funding.

  • Directive (EU) 2016/680 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data by competent authorities for the purposes of the prevention, investigation, detec...

    Article 10 Processing of special categories of personal data
    ‘Processing of personal data revealing racial or ethnic origin, political opinions, religious or philosophical beliefs, or trade union membership, and the processing of genetic data, biometric data for the purpose of uniquely identifying a natural person, data concerning health or data concerning a natural person's sex life or sexual orientation shall be allowed only where strictly necessary, subject to appropriate safeguards for the rights and freedoms of the data subject, and only:
    (a) where authorised by Union or Member State law;
    (b) to protect the vital interests of the data subject or of another natural person; or
    (c) where such processing relates to data which are manifestly made public by the data subject.‘

  • Directive 2014/54/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 April 2014 on measures facilitating the exercise of rights conferred on workers in the context of freedom of movement for workers Text with EEA relevance

    Article 4 - Bodies to promote equal treatment and to support Union workers and members of their family
    ‘1. Each Member State shall designate one or more structures or bodies (‘bodies’) for the promotion, analysis, monitoring and support of equal treatment of Union workers and members of their family without discrimination on grounds of nationality, unjustified restrictions or obstacles to their right to free movement and shall make the necessary arrangements for the proper functioning of such bodies. Those bodies may form part of existing bodies at national level which have similar objectives. [...]‘

  • Regulation (EU) No 1381/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 December 2013 establishing a Rights, Equality and Citizenship Programme for the period 2014 to 2020 Text with EEA relevance

    Preamble:
    ‘(7) Equality between women and men is one of the Union's founding values. Unequal treatment between women and men violates fundamental rights. Moreover, the promotion of equality between women and men also contributes to achieving the objectives of the Europe 2020 Strategy. The objective of promoting equality between women and men should be implemented in a mutually reinforcing manner with other Union or Member States activities that have the same objective, in particular with those referred to in the European Pact for gender equality for the period 2011 to 2020.
    (8) Discrimination on the ground of sex includes, in line with the case-law of the Court of Justice of the European Union, discrimination arising from gender reassignment. In the implementation of the Programme, regard should also be had to developments in Union law and in the case-law of the Court of Justice of the European Union with regard to further gender related aspects, including gender identity.
    (9) The right to be treated with dignity in the workplace and society in general is an expression of the founding values of the Union and coordinated action is necessary to permit targeted activities in relation to the employment market. Therefore, actions in the area of gender equality and non-discrimination should include promoting equality between women and men and combating discrimination in the workplace and the employment market.‘

0 results found