Year of publication 2019 Coverage period Wed, 01/01/2014 - 12:00 Last updated 2020-07-02T18:00:00 Dataset : Dataset About About the dataset Help The multidimensional explorer help Technical requirements The dataset technical requirements Variable Group : Dataset Select a question Variable : Dataset Select visualisation : Map Chart Country Comparison Time series Table Overview Map Chart Country Comparison Time series Table Overview Map This view provides the answers by country in a map. Chart This view provides the answers by country as a stacked chart. Country The National bar chart visualisation illustrates the values of all answers per selected country and subset. The average among all subsets per answer is also provided at the end. Comparison The National comparisons visualisation presents a comparative overview for the values of all answers between two selected countries. Time series The function presents the data of the selected visualisation time series. Table VARIABLESUMMARY Overview This view groups all answers together for a selected topic in one table. Variable summary This view provides the answers by country in a table. By : Dataset Dataset Country : Dataset Compare with : Dataset Answer : Dataset Year : Dataset Hide Legend Export Page URL Page URL (Short) Figure (PNG) Embedable HTML Page citation Open data standard (CSV) Data (XLS) SVG (High resolution) EPS (High resolution) PDF (High resolution) Whole dataset Page bookmark Share Variable summary FRA loading logo The EU Return Directive (2008/115/EC) in Article 8 (6) introduced an important fundamental rights safeguard for third-country nationals ordered to leave the EU because they do not or no longer fulfil the conditions for entry and/or stay. According to it, Member States must provide for an effective forced-return monitoring system. Notes Data covers period 1/1/2014 to 31/12/2019. Download a summary of effective forced return monitoring systems 2019 (pdf, 604.24 KB). Based on information provided by return monitoring organisations who may not be aware if national operations are funded by Frontex or not. National Preventive Mechanisms established under the Optional Protocol to the UN Convention Against Torture may monitor forced return operations under their mandate flowing from the convention.