• Report / Paper / Summary
    Every child has a right to be protected even when they are accused or suspected of committing a crime. The basic principles of justice apply to adults and children alike. But children face specific obstacles during criminal proceedings, such as a lack of understandable information about their rights, limited legal support and poor treatment. The report looks at the practical implementation of Directive (EU) 2016/800 on procedural safeguards for children who are suspects or accused persons in criminal proceedings in nine Member States – Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Germany, Estonia, Italy, Malta, Poland and Portugal.
  • Handbook / Guide / Manual
    L’accès à la justice est un élément important de l’État de droit. Il permet aux individus de se protéger
    contre toute atteinte à leurs droits, d’introduire des recours contre les fautes civiles, de demander au
    pouvoir exécutif de rendre des comptes et de se défendre dans les procédures pénales. Ce manuel
    résume les grands principes juridiques européens en matière d’accès à la justice, en s’intéressant
    plus particulièrement au droit civil et au droit pénal.
  • Page
    The Criminal Detention Database 2015-2022 combines in one place information on detention conditions in all 27 EU Member States as well as the United Kingdom.
  • Report / Paper / Summary
    This report is the EU Fundamental Rights Agency’s fourth on the topic of severe labour exploitation. Based on interviews with 237 exploited workers, it paints a bleak picture of severe exploitation and abuse. The workers include both people who came to the EU, and EU nationals who moved to another EU country. They were active in diverse sectors, and their legal status also varied.
This report, drafted in response to the European Parliament’s call for thorough research on fundamental rights protection in the context of surveillance, maps and analyses the legal frameworks on surveillance in place in EU Member States.
En avril  2014, le Parlement européen a  demandé
à l’Agence des droits fondamentaux de l’Union européenne
(FRA) « d’effectuer des recherches approfondies
sur la protection des droits fondamentaux dans
le contexte de la surveillance ». Le présent résumé présente les principales conclusions
des recherches la FRA, qui sont intégralement
publiées dans le rapport intitulé Surveillance par les
services de renseignement : protection des droits
fondamentaux et voies de recours dans l’UE - Panorama
du droit des États membres.
Each year, an estimated 2.5 million children go through legal procedures. Two-thirds of children do not receive adequate information during proceedings. Their understanding of their rights and procedures is rarely checked. The behaviour of legal professionals affects to what degree children feel safe and comfortable. These videos provide practical guidelines about how to ensure justice is child-friendly.
Children should always be supported by a professional support person when they are involved in judicial proceedings, such as being at court. This could be, for example, a social worker or a legal counsellor.
Children should always be supported by a professional support person when they are involved in judicial proceedings, such as being at court. This could be, for example, a social worker or a legal counsellor.
During judicial proceedings, such as being at court, children should always be told what is going on. The information should be presented in a child-friendly and understandable way.
The freedom to conduct a business, one of the lesser-known rights of the EU’s Charter of Fundamental Rights, can help boost growth and jobs across the EU.
This report seeks to demonstrate that the fulfilment of fundamental rights can help to improve the situation and achieve the strategic goals set out in the Europe 2020 growth strategy, which aims to establish a smart, sustainable and inclusive economy.
New strategic guidelines in the area of freedom, security and justice by the European Council placed increasing mutual trust, strengthening the protection of victims and reinforcing the rights of accused persons and suspects high on the EU policy agenda. Many EU Member States adopted new laws or reformed existing laws and policies in this area, while efforts continued at UN, Council of Europe and EU level to strengthen the rule of law, judicial independence and the efficiency of justice systems, as cornerstones of a democratic society.
Worker exploitation is not an isolated or marginal phenomenon. But despite its pervasiveness in everyday life, severe labour exploitation and its adverse effects on third-country nationals and EU citizens - as workers, but also as consumers - have to date not received much attention from researchers.
Rendre les systèmes judiciaires mieux adaptés aux
enfants accroît leur protection, renforce leur participation
effective et améliore aussi le fonctionnement de la justice. Les résultats présentés dans ce résumé
peuvent donner aux États membres des outils pour
leur permettre de détecter les obstacles, les lacunes
ou les faiblesses dans leurs procédures judiciaires, en
particulier dans la transposition et la mise en oeuvre
des directives pertinentes de l’UE.
Each year thousands of children take part in criminal and civil judicial proceedings, affected by parental divorce
or as victims or witnesses to crime. Such proceedings can be stressful for anyone. The European Union Agency
for Fundamental Rights (FRA) investigated whether children’s rights are respected in these proceedings.
Les enfants ont besoin d'être entendus et d’être impliqués dans toutes les questions qui les concernent. Cela inclut le système de la justice.
To mark the European Day for Victims of Crime on 22 February, FRA has created this infographic based on the the report: Victims of crime in the EU: the extent and nature of support for victims, published in January, 2015.
Ce résumé expose les conclusions de l’Agence des
droits fondamentaux de l’Union européenne (FRA)
découlant de ses travaux de recherche sur les ser‑
vices d’aide aux victimes de la criminalité à travers
l’UE, considérés sous l’angle des droits fondamen‑
taux. Il donne un aperçu général et comparatif des
services d’aide aux victimes disponibles dans les
28 États membres de l’UE en fonction des objec‑
tifs et des buts de l’aide aux victimes énoncés par
la directive victimes. L’accent est mis sur les arti‑
cles 8 et 9 de la directive relatifs aux services d’aide,
même si d’autres dispositions étroitement liées sont
également considérées.
FRA was requested by the European Commission (EC) in January 2014 to provide practical guidance on the processing of Passenger Name Record (PNR) data for law enforcement purposes, in light of efforts by Member States to establish national PNR systems. As a result, in informal consultation with EC services and the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS) and building on opinions FRA, the EDPS and the Article 29 Working Party on PNR, FRA presented twelve fundamental rights considerations to EU Member States experts at technical level.
The rights of victims of crime to access justice and to be protected against repeat victimisation may remain illusory in practice if the victim fails to receive professional advice and support. This research by the European Union Agency
for Fundamental Rights (FRA) examines support service provision for such victims across the 28 EU Member States, in line with the 2012 EU Victims’ Directive. It focuses not on abstract fundamental rights standards but on the final
practical results.
This document provides clear explanations for children of the key terms used in the child-friendly justice project. It explains what rights are and how these rights should be protected during legal proceedings.